poetry test terms

Topics: LifeDance

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Last updated: December 12, 2019

• Pure Rhyme
Pure rhyme occurs when the initial sounds of the words are different but the final sounds of the words are exactly alike Examples: glance .

. . dance; quite . . . bright; delightful . .

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• Slant Rhyme
o the dominant vowel sounds of the two words are identical but the final sounds are not exactly alike Examples: good . . . foot; deceive .

. . relief

• End Rhyme
End rhyme occurs when the two rhyming words are both located at the ends of their respective lines. This is the most familiar type of rhyme. End rhyme may be either pure rhyme or slant rhyme.

Examples: 1. The year’s at the spring, The lark’s on the wing, (pure end rhyme)

• Internal Rhyme
Internal rhyme occurs when the rhyming words are located in some combination of the beginning, middle, or end of the lines instead of both words being at the end.Example: While I nodded, nearly napping, suddenly there came a tapping, As of someone gently rapping, rapping at my chamber door.

• Apocopated Rhyme
Apocopated rhyme occurs when the last syllable of one of the rhyming words is missing.Examples: trap . .

. happen; ease . . . treason

• Eye Rhyme
Eye rhyme occurs when words look alike but do not sound alike.

Examples: plough . . . cough; karate . . .

relate

• Single Rhyme
A single rhyme is a one-syllable rhyme.Examples: night . . . sight; snail .

. . mail

• Double Rhyme
A double rhyme is a two-syllable rhyme.Examples: fighting . . .

biting; daughter . . . water; waiter . . .

alligator

• Triple Rhyme
A triple rhyme is a three-syllable rhyme.Examples: hungering . .

. blundering; glorious . . . victorious

• Couplet
A couplet is made up of two consecutive rhyming lines of poetry.

Alliteration
the repetition of beginning consonant sounds in neighboring wordsExamples: sad steps; gray as the gloomy sky; a noble knight

Consonance
the repetition of middle or final consonant sounds in neighboring wordsExamples: silken curtain; silent as the falling snow

Assonance
the repetition of vowel sounds in neighboring wordsExamples: fine delight; over the distant coast

Onomatopoeia –
the use of words that imitate sounds”On Test Day”We hear the squeak of mechanical pencils,The grinding of yellow pencils in the sharpener,The tapping of fingers on a table,The hush of quiet breathing.

Euphony
the use of pleasant, harmonious soundsThe following sounds tend to be euphonious: l, m, n, s, w, sh

Cacophony
the use of harsh, unpleasant soundsThe following sounds tend to be cacophonous: b, d, hard g, k, p, t, ch

metaphor
a comparison between two unlike things

simile
a comparison using like or as

hyperbole
exaggeration

onomatopoeia
The formation of a word from a sound associated with what is named (e.g., cuckoo, sizzle)

Synaesthesia
physiol a sensation experienced in a part of the body other than the part stimulated

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