Poetry types and terms

Topics: FamilyEmotions

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Last updated: December 10, 2019

alliteration
use of the same consonant at the beginning of each stressed syllable in a line of verse

assonance
the repetition of similar vowels in the stressed syllables of successive words

consonance
repetition of consonant sounds

couplet
two consecutive lines of poetry that rhyme

hyperbole
extravagant exaggeration

internal rhyme
A word inside a line rhymes with another word on the same line

onomatopoeia
using words that imitate the sound they denote

personification
gives person-like qualities to inanimate objects or abstract notions

simile
a figure of speech that expresses a resemblance between things of different kinds (usually formed with ‘like’ or ‘as’)

metaphor
a figure of speech in which an expression is used to refer to something that it does not literally denote in order to suggest a similarity

mood
a distinct emotional quality

imagery
forms mental images; appeals to the senses

irony
use for words to convey a meaning opposite of its literal meaning

narrative poem
a poem that tells a story

ballad
songlike; short stanzas and a refrain; usually has a bittersweet or sad ending

dramatic poem
a verse that relies heavily on dramatic elements such as monologue or dialogue

lyric poem
highly musical verse that expresses the emotions of the speaker

sonnet
a verse form consisting of 14 lines with a fixed rhyme scheme; usually deals with love

ode
a lofty lyric poem on a serious theme

elegy
expresses a speaker’s feelings of loss, often because of the death of a loved one or friend

free verse
poetry that avoids use of regular rhyme, rhythm, meter, or division into stanzas

imagist poem
a lyric that presents a single vivid picture in words

haiku
verse with three unrhymed lines of five, seven, five syllables

tanka
verse form with five unrhymed lines of five, seven, five, seven, seven syllables

English Sonnet
A 14 line poem that has three quatrains and a concluding couplet

Italian sonnet
A 14 line poem that is divided into two quatrains and a 6 line sestet

Quatrain
A stanza with four lines where 2 and 4 must rhyme is called a:

sestet
A stanza with 6 lines

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