poetry unit test study guide

Topics: ArtSymbolism

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Last updated: November 27, 2019

Alliteration
is the repetition of consonant sounds in words that appear close together.

Diction
style of speaking or writing determined by a writer’s word choice.

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Figurative language
language based on some sort of comparison that is not literally true.

Foreshadowing
An advance hint of what is to come later on in a story.

Hyperbole
the use of extreme exaggeration to make a point

Irony
doing or saying something with the opposite effect. (sarcasm)

Imagery
language that appeals to our five senses and creates images in our minds.

Metaphor
compare two unlike things without using like, as, than, or resembles.

Direct metaphor
say that something “is” something else.

Implied metaphor
suggest a comparison between two things instead of stating it directly.

Extended metaphor
developed over several lines of a literary work.

Meter
a strict rhythmic pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables in each line.

Onomatopeia
is the use of words that sound like what they mean.

Personification
figure of speech in which a nonhuman thing or abstract idea is talked about as if it were human.

parallel structure
the use of a repeating grammatical structure to show that ideas or words are of equal importance.

Rhyme
is the repetition of the accented vowel sound and all subsequent sounds in a word.

Exact rhyme
the words rhyme perfectly.

Slant rhyme
the sounds are similar but not exactly the same. (approximate)

End rhyme
rhyme that occurs at the ends of lines.

Internal rhyme
rhyme within a line

Rhythm
the alternation of stressed and unstressed sounds that makes the voice rise and fall.

Simile
comparing two things using “like” or “as”.

Symbolism
the use of something tangible to represent an abstract idea.

Acrostic
A type of poetry that uses the first letter of each line to spell out a word related to the subject/message of the poem.

Ballad
Tells a story in the form of a song.Focuses on action and dialogue, not characters.Usually ends in tragedy.Often written in quatrains with alternating rhyme (ABAB).

Elegy
Originated as Greek poetry.

Is used to honor someone after their death.Different from a eulogy because it is written in verse, whereas a eulogy is written in prose. has three stages.

Epic
Long, narrative poem in elevated style.Characters are in high positions (Royalty, nobility).Includes adventuresAlways has a central heroic figure, called the epic hero.

Free verse
a loose kind of rhythm that sounds like natural speech.poetry that does not have a regular meter or rhyme scheme.

Haiku
Japanese poetry.nature or seasons.

three lines with the syllables limited to five, seven, five in each of the corresponding lines.(5,7,5)

Prose
Writing that is in its ordinary form, or without any metrical structure. Has full grammatical sentences.

Reflects ordinary, everyday speech.

Sonnet
Also known as English Sonnet.14 lines .Iambic pentameter.

3 quatrains, 1 couplet.Rhyme Scheme: abab/cdcd/efef/gg.Must be meaningful – there is often a “turn” at the beginning of the 3rd quatrain, after which the mood of the poem shifts

Couplet
a pair of successive lines of verse, especially those that are the same length and that rhyme.

(2)

Octave
A stanza containing eight lines.

Quatrain
A stanza containing four lines.

Sestet
A stanza containing six lines.

Tercet
A stanza containing three lines.

Refrain
a phrase, word, or line repeated at intervals throughout a poem, often at the end of a stanza

Author
person who created the writing piece.(writer)

Speaker
the person who is speaking in the writing piece. may differ from the person in real life.

Tone
The general attitude of a piece of writing .

Mood
The feeling the reader gets from a work of literature.

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