Poetry Unity

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Sample donated:
Last updated: December 16, 2019
levels of reading
literal, figurative

literal
examining of words by basic meaning

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figurative
examining words on a deeper level: language and what it means

syntax
sentence structure

diction
the choice of words and phrases

theme
the subject of the poem; overall meaning

form
length, sound devices, meter

ballad stanza
A four-line stanza, known as a quatrain, consisting of alternating eight- and six-syllable lines.

end rhyme
when two or more words rhyme at the end of a line

internal rhyme
two or more words that rhyme within a line or lines

exact rhyme
light/sight or light/site

slant rhyme or near rhyme
light/set

consonance
repetition of consonant sounds in wordsex. laughter tells a tale of light

assonance
repetition of consonant sounds in words ex. for leaves delight in sinking sweetly

alliteration
repetition of a sound at the beginning of wordsex. peter piper picked a peck

sonnet
14 line poemex.

Acquainted with the Night

villanelle
A 19 line form using only two rhymes and repeating two of the lines according to a set patternex. One Art

heroic couplets
two rhyming lines of iambic pentameter

blank verse
has meter, no rhyme

free verse
no meter, no rhyme

ode
A lyric poem usually marked by serious, respectful, and exalted feelings toward the subject.ex. We Real Cool

dramatic monologue
4 characteristics:-identifiable speaker-identifiable audience-situation/ setting -revelation of speaker’s character ex. My Last Duchess

metaphor
A comparison that establishes a figurative identity between objects being compared.ex.

Freddie is a pig when he eats.

simile
A comparison using “like” or “as”ex. He is as brave as a lion.

personification
A figure of speech in which an object or animal is given human feelings, thoughts, or attitudesex. The leaves waved in the wind.

apostrophe
A figure of speech that directly addresses an absent or imaginary person or a personified abstraction, such as liberty or love.

ex. Twinkle, Twinkle Little Star

synecdoche
A figure of speech in which a part is substituted for the whole.ex. homage to my hips

conceit
An extended metaphorex. Do Not Go Gentle into That Good Night

symbol
A thing that represents or stands for something else, especially a material object representing something abstract.

imagery
Description that appeals to the senses (sight, sound, smell, touch, taste)

meter
A regular pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables in a line of poetry

rhyme
Repetition of sounds at the end of words

tone
Attitude a writer takes toward the audience, a subject, or a character

repetition
Repeated use of sounds, words, or ideas for effect and emphasis

anaphora
repetition of a line at eh beginning of a sentenceex. Acquainted with the Night- I have been

carpe diem
seize the dayex. We Real Cool

oxymoron
A figure of speech consisting of two apparently contradictory termsex. blinding sight

tension
conflicting ideas

speaker
The voice that talks to the reader

audience
the intended reader of a piece

mood
Feeling or atmosphere that a writer creates for the reader

narrative
A poem that tells a storyex.

“The Wild Swans at Coole”

irony
Expressing words in a way that means the opposite

epigraph
Poem about deathex. “Elegy of Jane”

caesura
a pause or break in a line of verse

enjambment
A run-on line of poetry in which logical and grammatical sense carries over from one line into the next.

allusion
A brief and indirect reference to a person, place, thing or idea of historical, cultural, literary or political significance.

connotation
An idea or feeling that a word invokes in addition to its literal or primary meaning

turn
change in tone

organization
how it is constructed

stanza
A group of lines in a poem

quatrain
A four line stanza

couplet
Two consecutive lines of poetry that rhyme

tercet
3 line stanza

terza rima
A three-line stanza rhymed aba, bcb, cdcex.

“Acquainted With The Night”

canto
Section of a long poem

verse paragraph
group of lines in a poem with no specific organization or number of lines

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