Poetry Vocab – From Glossary

Topic: EnvironmentNatural Disasters
Sample donated:
Last updated: December 10, 2019
repetition of initial consonant sounds; used to draw attention to certain words or ideas, to imitate sounds, and to create musical effects (EX: sacred stone, silver shoon) Also doesn’t have to start with the same letter can end in a “st” sound like “first-water star”)

reference to a well-know person, place, event, literary work, or work of art (Ex. On the “Wreck of the Hesperus” the daughter prayed to be saved and thought of Christ, calming the waters in the Sea of Galilee – Reference to Jesus)

song-like poem that tells a story;often one dealing with adventure and romance; most are written in four-to six-line stanzas and have regular rhythms and rhyme schemes; often features a refrain

blank verse
poetry written in un-rhymed iambic pentameter lines (EX: William Shakespeare)

concrete poem
poem with a shape that suggests its subject; poet arranges the letters, punctuation, and lines to create an image (Ex: 400 meter… shows the swimmer swimming laps then flipping around to start again.


extended metaphor
a subject is spoken of (written) as if it were something else; several comparisons made (see metaphor; Ex. In the “Centaur” the girl pretends she’s the horse and rider)

figurative language
writing or speech that is not meant to be taken literally; know as “figures of speech”; used to stated ideas in vivid and imaginative ways (EX: metaphor, simile, and personification)

free verse
poetry not written in a regular rhythmical pattern; may contain lines of any length or with any number of stresses (beats)

three-line Japanese verse form; 5-7-5 syllables; three lines; writer uses images to create a single, vivid picture-generally about nature

word or phrase that appeals to one or more of the 5 senses; used to describe how the subject looks, feels, sounds, tastes, and smells

short, humorous poem of 5 lines; 1st, 2nd, and 5th rhyme–3rd and 4th rhyme; rhyming lines have the same rhythm

lyric poem
short, highly musical poem; expresses the observations and feelings of a single speaker; short, musical poem that expresses feelings

figure of speech in which something is said/described to be something else; points out a similarity between 2 unlike things; (Ex: Stars are great drops of golden dew.)

rhythmical patter of a poem; determined by the number of stresses (beats) in each line

narrative poem
story told in a verse (as a poem); often has all the elements of a short story (characters,settings, plot, etc)

use of words that imitate sounds (EX: crash, buzz, screech, neigh)

type of figurative language in which a nonhuman subject is given human characteristics (Ex. The Sun walks to the sky’s middle, shining gloriously – The sun can’t walk.)

one of the major types of literature; can be divided into lines and stanzas and often employ regular rhythmical patters (meters); can be written out like prose or free verse; can use concise, musical, and emotionally charged language; can use imagery, figurative language, and special sound devices

a regularly repeated line or group of lines in a poem or song

the use, more than once, of any element of language in prose and poetry (EX: sound, word, phrase, clause)

the repetition of sounds at the ends of words; many traditional-style poems contain end rhymes (rhymes at the end of a line)

rhyme scheme
a regular pattern of rhyming words in a poem; indicated (in a poem) by lowercase letters; each rhyme=different letter (EX: sonnet-ababcdcdefefgg)

the pattern of beats, or stresses, in spoken or written language

sensory language
writing or speech that appeals to one or more of the 5 senses

a figure of speech that uses “like” or “as” to make a direct comparison between two unlike ideas ( Ex. Her eyes sparkled like the moon’s reflection in the clear ocean.)

the imaginary voice assumed by the writer of a poem; the character who tells the poem, often not identified by name

a formal division of lines in a poem; separated by spaces; function like a paragraph in a prose; states and develops a main idea

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