Poetry: Vocab

Topics: LiteraturePoems

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Last updated: December 12, 2019

Define Situation
The context of the poem’s action, what is happening when the poem begins.

Define Allusion
A reference to a text or myth, outside the poem itself, that carries its own history of meaning.

Define Occasional Poem
A poem written about or for a specific occasion, public or private event.

Define Theme
The statement a poem makes about its subject.

Define Tone
The attitude a poem has towards its subject and theme.

Trochaic (/u)
A stressed syllable followed by an unstressed one

Dactylic (/uu)
A stressed syllable followed by two unstressed ones.

Anapestic (uu/)
Two unstressed syllables followed by a stressed one.

Iambic (u/)
An unstressed syllable followed by a stressed one.

Onamatopeia
A word capturing or approximating the sound of what it describes

Allusion
A reference to a text or myth, outside the poem itself, that carries its own history of meaning

Occasional Poem
A poem written about or for a specific occasion, public or private event.

Referential
Making use of a specific historical moment or event.

Situation
The context of the poem’s action, what is happening when the poem begins

Setting
The time and place of the poems action

Theme
The statement of the poem makes about its subject. the abstract concept is made concrete through representation in person, action, and image.

ALWAYS requires an action

Audience
Who you are writing for that hears and expresses the writer’s views

Tone
The attitude a poem takes towards its subject and theme

Subject
the general or specific area of concern of a poem; also called a topic

Simile
A direct explicit comparison of one thing to another, and usually using the words “like” or “as” to draw the connection

Metaphor
One thing pictured as if it were something else, suggesting a likeness or analogy between them

Ambiguity
The ability to mean more than one thing

Analogy
A comparison based on certain resemblances between things that are otherwise unlike

Syntax
Rule governed arrangement of words in a sentence

Connotation
The private or personal meaning of a word. Group level/general meaning

Connote
To suggest something in addition to explicit meaning

Denotation
Basic meaning of words without emotional attachment

Figures of Speech
Comparisons in which something is pictured or figured forth in other, more familiar terms

Personification
Treating an abstraction as if it were a person, endowing it with human-like qualities

Symbol
Something that stands for something else

Symbolic Poem
A poem in which the use of symbols is so pervasive and internally consistent that the larger referential word is distanced, if not forgotten.

Traditional Symbols
Symbols that, through years of usage, have acquired an agreed-on significance, an accepted meaning.

Word Order
The positioning of words in relation to one another

Controlling Metaphors
Metaphors that dominate or organize an entire poem

Extended Metaphors
Detailed and complex metaphors that extend over a long section of a poem

Denote
To mean or stand for

Figurative Language
Language that uses figures of speech

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