poetry vocabulary sheet

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Last updated: November 28, 2019

Poetry
A type of literature that expresses ideas and feelings in compact, imaginative, and musical language

alliteration
the reiteration of a consonant sound at the beginning of words

assonance
the repetition of vowel sounds in poetry

stanza
a “paragraph” or group of lines in a poem

simile
a comparison of two unlike things that have some quality common. they make a direct comparison using words such as like, resembles or

metaphor
a comparison of two unlike things that have something in common. a metaphor DOES NOT use direct words such as like, as or resemble

prose
the ordinary form of spoken or written language. it is not poetry

interpretation
the personal meaning each individual reader finds in poetry or other types of literature

free verse
poetry that has no regular pattern, rhyme or line length

imagery
words of phrases that appeal to the readers senses. they use details to help the reader imagine how things look, feel, taste, smell and sound

onomatopoeia
the use of words that by their sound suggests their meaning

rhythm
the pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables in poetry. when stressed syllables are arranged in a consistent pattern, the poem has a regular beat

allusion
a reference to a well-known person, place, thing or event

personification
when an idea, object or animal is given characteristics of a human

hyperbole
an exaggeration of over statement used for emphasis.

often times hyperboles can be found in similes and metaphors

symbol
a physical object that represents an intangible concept

ballad
a romantic or sentimental song with the same melody for each stanza

couplet
the succesive lines of poetry of the same length that rhyme

haiku
a japanese verse form, rendered in english as three unrhymed lines 5,7, and 5 syllables respectively often subject in nature

Iamb
a metrical font in English verse of one unaccented syllable followed by an accented syllable

lyric
a poem mainly expressing the poet’s emotion and feeling: sonnets, elegies, hymns and odes are lyrical poems

meter
a rhyme in verse

rhyme scheme
a pattern of rhymes used in a piece of verse

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