Poetry Webquest Words

Topics: ArtSymbolism

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Last updated: December 7, 2019

Sonnet
A closed form consisting of fourteen lines of rhyming iambic pentameter

Acrostic
A poem in which the first letter of each line spells out a word, name, or phrase when read vertically

Ballad
A narrative poem composed of quatrains ( iambic tetrameter alternating with the iambic trimeter ) rhyming x-a-x-a

Haiku
A Japanese verse form of three unrhyming lines in five, seven, and five syllables

Limerick
A fixed light-verse form of five generally anapestic lines rhyming AABBA

Freeverse
Non Metrical, non rhyming lines that closely follow the natural rhythms of speech

Cinquain
Have five lines Line 1: Title (noun) – 1 word Line 2: Description – 2 words Line 3: Action – 3 words Line 4: Feeling (phrase) – 4 words Line 5: Title (synonym for the title) – 1 word

Rhyme
The repetition of syllables, typically at the end of a verse line. Rhymed words conventionally share all sounds following the word’s last stressed syllable.

Rhyme scheme
usually the pattern of end rhymes in a stanza, with each rhyme encoded by a letter of the alphabet

Rhythm
An audible pattern in verse established by the intervals between stressed syllables

Meter (foot/feet)
The number of feet within a line of traditional verse

Stanza
The number of feet within a line of traditional verse

Couplet
two successive rhyming lines. The pattern of a Shakespearean sonnet.

Syllable
A single unit of speech sound as written or spoken; specifically, a vowel preceded by zero to three consonants (“awl,” “bring,” “strand”), and followed by zero to four consonants (“too,” “brag,” “gloss,” “stings,” “sixths”).

Repetition
a literary device that repeats the same words or phrases a few times to make an idea clearer.

Tone
The poet’s attitude toward the poem’s speaker, reader, and subject matter, as interpreted by the reader. Often described as a “mood” that pervades the experience of reading the poem, it is created by the poem’s vocabulary, metrical regularity or irregularity, syntax, use of figurative language, and rhyme.

Mood
a literary element that evokes certain feelings or vibes in readers through words and descriptions.

Figurative language
An expressive, nonliteral use of language.

Imagery
Elements of a poem that invoke any of the five senses to create a set of mental images

Metaphor
A comparison between two unlike things, this describes one thing as if it were something else. Does not use “like” or “as” for the comparison

Simile
A direct comparison between two dissimilar things; uses “like” or “as” to state the terms of the comparison.

Onomatopoeia
A blending of consonant and vowel sounds designed to imitate or suggest the activity being described

Alliteration
The repetition of initial stressed, consonant sounds in a series of words within a phrase or verse line.

Symbolism
the use of symbols to signify ideas and qualities by giving them symbolic meanings that are different from their literal sense.

Personification
A figure of speech in which the poet describes an abstraction, a thing, or a nonhuman form as if it were a person.

Irony
a distance between what is said and what is meant.

Hyperbole
A figure of speech composed of a striking exaggeration.

Understatement
a figure of speech employed by writers or speakers to intentionally make a situation seem less important than it really is.

Oxymoron
A figure of speech that brings together contradictory words for effect, such as “jumbo shrimp” and “deafening silence.

Analogy
a comparison in which an idea or a thing is compared to another thing that is quite different from it. It aims at explaining that idea or thing by comparing it to something that is familiar.

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