Population:The population of Armenia has decreased in the past twenty years. The population in Armenia now is 2,932,427 people and in 1990 it was 3.505.
251. In the last five years the population loss has accelerated. The National Statistical Service has also reported that the number of births have decreased by 6.6 per cent in the first half a year of 2017, in this same period the death rate has increased by 2.1 per cent.This affects every piece of the country, the migration has peaked from 2008 until 2010. Despite the promises of their president, Serzh Sargsyan, to increase the population to four million by 2040, nothing has been done yet. In the speech the president said that he is going to halt migration and increase the birth rate.
He also wants to create an economic environment attractive enough to convince the other migrants to return to Armenia. The president has already tried to increase the birthrate by a program that was launched in 2012, if you get a third or fourth child you get one million drams which is 1696,76 euros. When you get a fifth child you get one and a half million drams which is about 2545,13 euros. But that amount of money doesn’t seem to be enough for the families who want another child, with this money you can pay for around one hundred packs of pampers. When you want to raise a kid properly you have to get at least three million drams which is 5090,27 euros. The population expectancy in 2040 is 2,818,399. According to the National Statistical Service of Armenia, the population will decrease even more in the future.
Experts say that 40.000 people annually leave the country. Due to the terrible economic situation a lot of working men emigrate to a country where they can find a well paid job to support their family. A lot of those men decide not to return home and that is what causes the low birth rate of 13.8 over 1000. There are villages where only women live because their husbands have left to Turkey or Russia to find a job.
The fertility rate of women has also decreased, in 1990 Armenian women bore 3.2 children on average, in 2017 this was 1.5 children. This is mainly caused by stress about economical insecurity and changes in the social norms. The ideal number of children in Armenia is still three or four, but because having this amount of children could risk the well being of your family many parents do not have their desired amount of children.
The National Statistical Service has also reported that the number of births have decreased by 6.6 per cent in the first half a year of 2017, in this same period the death rate has increased by 2.1 per cent. Something that is a big problem in Armenia as well is sex-selective abortions, because boys are known to earn more money for the family, some families choose for abortions when they get a daughter.
In 2017 there were one