Postmodernism is an Accurate Description of Contemporary Western Culture
Definition of Postmodernism
Postmodernism refers to the response of criticizing the scientific explanations of reality. It is relevant in various fields such as art, literature, philosophy as well as fiction. According to postmodernism, reality is a vast aspect that revolves around the human mind. Supporters of this ideology believe that the mind is responsible for comprehending the certainty of various issues both in a practical and personal manner. As such, prospects on certain aspects of life vary depending on the culture, individuality, ethnicity and financial background of a person (Taylor 37). Postmodernism promotes personal interpretation of various aspects of the world. This is in an attempt to support reality according to an individual’s intellectual capacity. This ideology relates to the opinion that individual knowledge is different and frail.
History of Postmodernism
This philosophy began in 1950, when various parts of the world engaged in war with one another. During this era, people embraced modernism, which ranked some cultures as superior to others. Nonetheless, upon adoption of postmodernism, this diversity ended. As opposed to embracing popular standards, it encouraged assorted values. As a result, people integrated sophisticated leadership. In addition, it dejected the reception of one idea as the reality. Based on its argument, people have different authenticities on certain aspects of life depending on their gender, ethnicity, social class and age. As such, it is not appropriate to rank awareness in order of importance.
The development of this philosophy resulted from the key events that occurred towards the end of the twentieth century. This included World War II, Cultural Revolution in China, Cold War, post colonialism as well as the bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki. The destruction experienced in these regions changed the discernment of various authors in different fields. It had a crucial influence on art especially fiction literature, poetry and drama (Taylor 57). Moreover, it tackled aspects of political leadership and morality. This is because these values seemed to be weakening in many people. The supporters of this principle criticized the irrationality of the modern living. Additionally, the protestors of certain ideologies such as commercialism, mass production, economic globalism and dissolution, used this element to support their arguments. In addition, this philosophy incorporated various artistic techniques in order to convey its views. These stylistic devices included satire, humor, ridicule and mockery (Taylor 64).
Religious Relation to Postmodernism
Because of the stand of postmodernism against modern values, this philosophy contradicted with various aspects of religion. Religion entails coherent pursuit for faith, as well as decent growth of human beings. Moreover, it promotes an outstanding description of reality. On the other hand, postmodernism disapproves these religious principles. It discards the religion’s perspective of moral growth as well as reality in a rational manner. According to various religious beliefs, human beings are in no capacity to describe the reality of the world. Supporters of religion believe that a certain supreme being is responsible for the existence of the world, and he does so in a way that no one can comprehend.
Based on certain aspects of religion, it is true to say that postmodernism is a contradictory philosophy to that of various religious conviction. For instance, Christianity, among other religions, condemns sex outside the marriage institution. On the other hand, postmodernism is of the view that this principle should not affect those outside these religious convictions. Additionally, it argues that conviction of an individual in relation to morality is not a standard practice. Unlike Christianity, that condemns any form of immorality such as stealing or killing, postmodernism addresses this as a personal belief. Over the years, most people have adopted this philosophy at the expense of religion since it bases its principles on certain certainties (Powell 42).
In addition, this thought relates religion to opinions as opposed to realities. It argues that various religious convictions rank themselves as superior to others. However, certain philosophers argue that postmodernism and religion are connected, and they complement each other (Butler 72). Firstly, both principles have a similar view on indefinite opinions. Postmodernism criticizes irrational thinking by human beings. Similarly, over the years, various religions are drifting towards rational principles that are realistic and less strict. Moreover, most faiths incline towards engaging all aspects of the human being including the mind, body and soul. Postmodernism is, however, keen on the mind of human beings.
Although the two principles are independent and contradicting, they have a distinct connection. Despite the conflicting views of both philosophies, they co-exist in order to improve both of them. Nonetheless, postmodernism can only act as a complement for religion, as opposed to substituting it. This is because, its arguments on reality are somewhat based on religion. In addition, it is crucial to understand the concepts of both philosophies (Butler 84). For example, though Christianity disagrees with the postmodernism principles, it is crucial for the followers of various religious convictions to admit that modernism has some discrepancies.
Butler, Christopher. Postmodernism: A Very Short Introduction. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2002. Print.
Powell, Jim. Postmodernism for Beginners. New York: Writers and Readers Pub, 1998. Print.
Taylor, Victor E, and Charles E. Winquist. Encyclopedia of Postmodernism. London: Routledge, 2001. Print.