Prentice Hall Literature Grade 7 Poetry Terms

Topics: LiteraturePoems

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Last updated: May 6, 2019

stanzas
verses

figurative language
writing or speech not meant to be taken literally

metaphors
describe one thing as if it were something else

personification
gives human qualities to something that is not human

similes
use like or as to compare two apparently unlike things

symbol
anything that represents something else

sound devices
enhance a poem’s mood and meaning

alliteration
repetition of consonant sounds in the beginning of words

repetition
the use of any element of language more than once

assonance
repitition of vowel sounds followed by different consonants as in stressed syllables

consonance
repitition of similar consonant sounds at the ends of accented syllables

onomatopoeia
use of words that imitate sounds

rhyme
repetition of sounds at the ends of words

meter
rhythmical pattern in a poem

narrative
tells a story in verse

Haiku
three-line Japanese verse form

free verse
defined by its lack of strict structure

lyric
expresses the thoughts and feelings of a single speaker, often in a highly musical verse

ballads
songlike poems that tell a story

concrete
shaped to look like their subjects

limericks
humorous, rhyming, five-line poems with a specific rhythm pattern and rhyme scheme

rhyming couplets
pairs of rhyming lines

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