Qatar’s areais mostly a flat low desert. Hills reach about 130 feet around the western andnorthern coast.
Abu al-Bawl Hill is the country’s tallest point. Sand dunes andsalt flats are the chief topographical features of the southern sectors.Qatar’s coastline is greater than 350 miles long. This is a good paraphrase. Removethese notes.
Populatinga tiny dessert peninsula that stretches northward from the larger ArabianPeninsula. Since prehistoric times it has been abandoned endlessly. After theupcoming of Islam the region became subject to the Islamic caliphate . Qatarhas one of the world’s biggest reserves of petroleum and natural gas. Due totheir oil wealth the country’s residents enjoy a high standard of living and anorganized system of social services. Go ahead: you know what to do and you aregood at this.
Just make it happen. Next check www.kids.national Take out these notes. Qataris technically an “Emirate” ruled by an Emir. Since they gainedindependence the country’s rulers have been in the same family. TheEmir and another great amount of members of the Al Thani family and are mainlymale. However, some high levels appointments have been made outside of theruling family.
Due to the concentration of power within the Al Thani divisionsor disputes amongst members of this large kin group will have impact on thepolitical relations. In 1998 Qatar held elections for a “municipal council.” This was the first election Qatar everheld, the campaign was popping and attracted large portions of Qatar’scitizenry. Even though numbers of women ran for office, none were elected inthe first vote. Women and men both turned out to vote for representatives fromtheir residential sectors. Local residential sectors are represented by themunicipal council. InQatar schools are gender-segregated.
Menand women can obtain employment in government agencies or private enterpriseafter completing school. Women of Qatar usually get employment in government jobs, in the sections like education, health, and social affairs. Greater positions are taken by men. The present of the foreign workforce has put more women in the public sphere, those women work primarily in jobs that in force the division of labor by gender. Foreign women are hired mainly as maids, nannies, teachers, nurses, and service workers. Until the arrival of the mid-18th century Al-Khalifa ruled much of the peninsula. Which still is in power to this day.
Al-Thani is a branch of the old Tamim tribe of central Arabia thought to have came to Qatar from the Gibrin region in southern Najd. First they were nomadic Bedouins, but the region’s sparsevegetation led them to the peninsula’s coastal areas around Zubara where they fished and dived for pearls. The first Al-Thani emir, Sheikh Mohammed bin Thani, started hiscapital at Al-Bida in the mid-19th century, laying the base of the modern Doha. He built hisposition against other local tribes by signing a treaty with the British in 1867. In 1872 the second Al-Thani emir, Jasim, signed a treaty with the Turks letting them build a garrison in Doha.
The Turks were canceled under the third Al-Thani emir, Sheikh Abdullah. After Turkey entered WWI on the other side to Britain. After British confirmed Qatar’s protection in exchange for apromise that the ruler would not deal with other foreign powers without British permission – until September 1, 1971 when independence was proclaimed the agreement was endured. Discoveries has shown that primeval Qataris exchanged pottery and dried fish.
The rulers and the people became Islamic during the 7th century. Qatar is an active participant in the Persian Gulf-Indian ocean commerce throughout the medieval period. The British invested themselves in Qatar because the territory is a goodvantage point in their route to India. The northern peninsula is controlled by the Al Khalifa clan from Bahrain during the 19th century. The Qataris fought against Al Khalifas who sent massive naval force against them inreturn. The rebels lost but the British got involved andnegotiations started. The result was the State of Qatar was founded in December 18,1878.
Qataris chose an entrepreneur named Muhammad bin Thani as their negotiator with the British and the Bahrain. His clan the Al Thanis would soon rule Qatar. When the British finally announced its political disengagement with the Persian Gulf, Qatar joined a federation which includes Bahrain and seven other States. Qatar left and declared their independence on September 3,1971 due todisagreements with the federation.
Hamad bin Khalifa Al Thani took power from his father Khalifa bin Hamad AlThani while on vacation in Switzerland. Qatar enjoyed some amount of socio political liberalization like the right to vote under his rule. The Al-Thani family lived in Qatar for 200 years. The 1916 treaty between the United Kingdom and Sheikh Abdullah was close to those entered into by the British with other Persian Gulf principalities. Beneath it, the ruler agreed not to get rid of any of his territory except to the U.K and not toget into any relationships with any foreign government without British consent. The British promised to protect Qatar from aggression by sea and to lend good offices in case of a land attack in return. A treaty granted more extensive British protection in 1934.
A75-year oil concession was granted to the Qatar Petroleum Company in 1935, secondary to the Iraq Petroleum Company, which was owned by Anglo-Dutch, U.S. interests, and French. Dukhan discovered high-quality oil in 1940, on the western side of the Qatar peninsula. However, the start of WWll delayed oil exploitation and oil exports did not begin until 1949.February 1972, the Heir Apparent, Sheikh Khalifa bin Hamad Al Thani disposed his cousin, Ahmed bin Ali Al Thani, and took power.
Main members of the Al Thani family supported his move, which didn’t have violence or signs of political unrest. June 27,1995 Khalifa binHamad was disposed in a bloodless coup by his son Deputy Emir, Sheikh Hamad bin Khalifa. In 11996 an unsuccessful counter-coup was staged. The Emir and his father are now closer, though some supporters of the counter-coup are still in prison. Qatar citizens approved a new constitution via public referendum on April 2003. Human life on the Qatar Peninsula dates as far back as 50,000 years back, when tiny groups of Stone Age inhabitants built coastal encampments according to archaeological evidences.
Other finds have had pottery from the Al Ubaid culture of Mesopotamia and northern Arabia, rock carvings, burial mounds, and a large town that dates from around 500 B.C. at Wusail, 20 kilometers north of Doha. The Qatar Peninsula was close to the Dilmun civilization in Bahrain to feel its influence. Doha capital of Qatar, was a fishing village once, pearl fishers would search for their fortunes and a famous centre for horse and camel breeding, Qatar was a popping stop with traders looking around and shipping goods for India to China.
After WWl, in 1916 Qatar became a British Protectorate. In 1971 the country got independence for Britain. Since Qatar’s independence in 1971, the geopolitical location and its search for tribal religious and political autonomy in the Gulf have shown its character also the domestic and foreign policy.
After his rise to power following a palace coup, Sheikh Khalifa bin Hamad Al Thani settled upon strengthen his control over oil production, modernizing the country, and organizing the government. He balanced relations with Saudi Arabia and Bahrain, regardless of territorial disputes, in 1981 joined the Gulf Cooperation Council, Throughout the first Gulf War in 1990 he built his relationship the with United States . He signed a security pact with the United States after the war. Accused for not taking full advantage of Qatar’s enlarged oil and gas resources.
Qatar is an perfect place to show all types of Middle Eastern cuisine also Iranian and Turkish. Breakfast is usually served around 6 o’clock meridian because the workday starts early. It’s made of olives, cheese, yogurt, and coffee. Lunch is the important meal of the day. People eat after 1 o’clock meridian, lunch frequently starts with appetizers, followed by fish or lamb stew, salad , bread , fruit, and cooked vegetables. Late in the evening is when dinner is served. Regional plates have matchbous which is spiced lamb with rice seafood eaten with seasoned rice, and hareis which is prepared by slow-cooked wheat and tender lamb. Qatar food also has desserts including “Khabees” which is prepared by using rosewater, cardamom, saffron, nuts and dates.
Also dumplings fried in oil then sweetened using honey or sugar syrup. Desserts usually are enjoyed with a cup of Arabic coffee. Muslim Qatari don’t eat pork. They eat halal meat, which has been plainly prepared by the slaughter due to Muslim laws. Every traditional dish has a special cooking method, which is general in all of Qatari regions. Though there are no specific preparation in the Qatari cuisine. Qatari cuisine uses elements from different cooking traditions took from their neighbors and developed from their own traditional dishes, such as Iranian and Turkish together with nomad and Indian.
Its essential to use the right amount of spices, either for spicing up the taste or coloring the dish. The variety of vegetables and cereals found in Qatar is also seen in delicious dishes belonging to their cuisine. Meat is a main part of most Qatari dishes.
Qataris prepare most meals with hand, because they believe that hands gives food a good energy. Qataris make special dishes for specials occasions like tabbouleh which is chopped parsley, mint and crushed wheat, or ghuzi which is specially prepared like a whole roast lamb served with rice and pine-nuts. Important festivals are Islamic new year, anniversary of the Emir’s Succession, and independence Day. The habitual festivals present a right event for universal, cultural and artistic displays which are used by rich and different attractions and dishes. Shawarma is an important meal in festivals which is grilled shavings of lamb or chicken, along with salad and rolled inside a pocket of pita bread. Men in Qatar greet each other by nose rubbing. On the 14th day of Ramadan, Qatari celebrate Garangao , for children it’s a fun tradition. In efforts in fasting half way through the holy month they celebrate.
Throughout Garangao, following the sunset prayer, children dress up in traditional clothes, carry a decorated bag, and walk around their neighborhoods signing the Garangao song. The end of the fast at sunset traditionally would be marked by the firing of a canon, so even those away from town would be able to hear the signal and know it’s time to break the fast. We still do this tradition ceremoniously, and its broadcast live on Qatar TV to indicate the end of the day’s fast.
Qatar traditions are determined and regulated by Muslim religion, because of the rules on behavior are strict. Qataris do not sunbathe or swim. Qataris have a lot of other interesting activities, such as- crafts. Tourists can buy impressive souvenirs and products of Arab craftsmen. Jewelry made of gold and silver are most popular.
True experts of Arabic style jewelry appreciatethese works of art. Qataris one of the richest country in theworld. Even though it’s very hot Qataris still don’t wear revealing clothes. It started off as a very poor country. Qatar has one of the best airlines in the world.
Also it’s veryexpensive to live in Qatar.