Racism is the prejudice and discrimination directed against someone of a different race based on the belief that one’s own race is superior. It is generally identified to be morally wrong to due its violation to moral norms of equal respect and manifestation of the vices of enmity.
Racism in America has existed since the colonial era, where legal privileges and rights were given to white Americans, but not Native Americans, African Americans, Asian Americans, and Hispanic and Latino Americans. Currently, racism is still a major phenomenon and can be seen in socioeconomic inequality, while racial stratification are continuously occurring in employment, law enforcement and education etc. Most significant cases of racism in America are pointed towards the Hispanics and African American. According to a study by the National Bureau of Economic Research, job applicants with African American names have to apply to 50 percent more jobs to get a callback, suggesting that employers either prejudice or perceives that certain race signals lower productivity. Additionally, African-Americans are twice as likely as whites to be unemployed and they earn nearly 25 percent less when they are employed. Another example is that Black and Hispanics are more than ?fty percent more likely to have an interaction with police which involves the use of force. According to a study by the National Bureau of Economic Research, 0.26 percent of interactions between police and civilians involve drawing a weapon; 0.
02 percent involve using a baton. These are rare events. However, the results indicate that blacks are 21 percent more likely than whites to be involved in an interaction with police in which at least a weapon is drawn and the difference is statistically signi?cant, showing that the difference in treatment between white and black when it comes to law enforcement.
According to the chart by Eurobarometre, the most common form of discrimination in Europe is the discrimination on the basis of ethnic origin, showing that racism is also a major phenomenon in European society as well. The above report shows the percentages of Assaults, threats or serious harassment with a perceived “racist” motive suffered by members of ethnic minority or immigrant groups. The highest being 32% in Roma and the average among all these european countries is 10%. The percentages of hate crimes against ethnic minority or immigrant groups is an example of the racial discrimination in Europe, showing the situation of racism in european societies. Additionally, racism has started to intensify recently in Europe due to a large wave of immigrants seeking for asylum from Africa and the Middle East whose cultures and religions are vastly different from the European societies, with most of the migrants came from Muslim-majority countries of regions south and east of Europe, including Western Asia, South Asia and Africa. The sudden influx of people has caused different social problems in the European societies, leading to the rise of anti-immigrant parties and intensifying the problem of racism. According to the European Commission against Racism and Intolerance, racist attacks against migrants, asylum seekers and refugees were reported by civil society organisations across the EU.
In Germany, a total of 3,729 attacks against refugees and asylum seekers were reported in 2016 – more than 10 hate crimes per day. In Greece, 75 racist incidents targeting immigrants and refugees were reported in 2015, a 60% increase compared to 2014, this shows how the current problem of racism has been intensifying.The problem of racism also exist in Asia as well, though, the problem is not as serious when compared to the Western countries. In Asia, white skin was the traditional standard of beauty and symbolizes wealth, because the upper class is usually associated with lighter skin as they often stayed indoors. While dark skin is usually associated with the poorer people who worked in the fields while the upper class stayed indoors and therefore have a lighter skin. As a result, those who have darker skin are often looked down on, for example Africans. For countries like Japan, which has a prolonged problem of racism and xenophobia (dislike of or prejudice against people from other countries.
) due to historical reasons, up until this day, signs with “No foreigners allowed”, “No Chinese allowed”, “Japanese only” written on it can still be found outside shops and restaurants in Japan. Racism will lead to various problems in a society, including an increase in hate crime rates, where people of different races are subjects to violent treatments. An example is that racist or religious abuse incidents recorded by police in England and Wales jumped 41% in the month when the problem of racism in UK has intensified after she voted to quit the EU. Furthermore, people of certain races are not given a fair treatment, most of them could not receive better education, enjoy a higher employment rate and income than the others, leading to a lack of social mobility. An example is that the unemployment rates between blacks and whites are significantly different. In 2012, the black unemployment rate rose to 14.4% in June, a sharp contrast to the white unemployment rate, which stayed steadily at around 7.
4%. The continuous discrimination between races may also breed hatred between races among the society. In extreme cases it may cause violence and conflicts, hindering the social stability.
In general, Racism harms the social well being. undermining the unity of a society.