Type: Process Essays
Sample donated: Mike Robinson
Last updated: May 27, 2019
Railway Issues:The development of steam-powered railways in the 19th century revolutionized transportation in canada and was integral to the very act of nation building.Railways played an integral in the process in the process of industrialization opening up new markets and tying regions together while at the same time creating a demand resources and technology.The construction transcontinental such as the canadian pacific railway opened up settlement in the west and played an important role in the expansion of confederation.However railways had a divisive effect as well as the public alternately praised and criticized the involvement of governments in railway construction and the extent of government subsidies to railways. Changing British Attitudes:Britain decided to change the rules and make a free trade policy.
The Canadian’s were angry with this new rule because that meant they wouldn’t get money for trading. So the Canadians decided with the other colonies that they would place taxes (tariffs) on the items coming in to get money. This then made the British upset because then the British would have to pay the colonies for goods. The Corn Laws were also a factor in this fallout between the British and their colonies because The Corn Laws raised the prices of wheat etc so it would be too expensive to import grain from other countries and that protected the sales of British farmers.Britains attitude towards the Canadians started changing for the worse. A group called the little Englanders convinced the British to stop supporting Canada and the other colonies because the British were wasting their money on their colonies while they were gaining more and more money and the Britain didn’t want to support a country that was becoming stronger and more independent. Britain was loosing money so when the Canadians approached them with the idea of independence they agreed. So Britain stopped giving the colonies money and Canada then had an idea to unite with the other colonies to make a government.
Britain’s attitude change was a big factor leading to confederation. Even though they gave up the colonies they still wanted as much economic control as possible. Threat of american invasion:Transcript of Confederation: The threat of invasion. The North American colonies hoped that if they joined forces with Britain, the U.S. would not attempt and Invasion During the United States Civil War, BNA had assisted the South, so BNA was afraid that the North would attempt an invasion on the colonies.Political Deadlock:The politics of the Province of Canada in the early 1860s were marked by instability and deadlock. The Great Coalition of 1864 united Reformers and Conservatives in the cause of constitutional reform.
It proved to be a turning point in Canadian history, paving the way for the Charlottetown Conference and confederation.Cancellation of the reciprocity treaty:On behalf of Great Britain and its British North American colonies, Governor Elgin signed a reciprocity treaty with the United States on June 5, 1854. This treaty eliminated customs tariffs. The agreement also governed the rights of American and British North American fishermen, raw materials, and agricultural commodities.
Although trade between the two countries increased substantially in the years that followed, American politicians — pressured by the protectionist fervour sweeping the United States — demanded the treaty be abrogated. In 1865, the American government announced that the treaty would not be renewed, and it ended in 1866.The treaty was signed at an ideal time for United Canada and the other North American colonies, since Great Britain was phasing.The agreement with the United States gave the business class an outlet for its products.
The end of the Reciprocity Treaty was a determining factor in the decision of politicians in United Canada to form a new type of partnership with the other British North American colonies.