Ready for the RICA study Chapter 6

Topic: Written Speech
Sample donated:
Last updated: May 31, 2019
What are the 4 stages of spelling development?
(1) Pre-Phonetic(2) Phonetic(3) Transitional(4) Conventional
Pre-Phonetic Stage
Children at this level do not write at least one letter for each sound. Some sounds in words are not represented.

The child’s first attempts to write will typically reveal no understanding of the alphabetic principle.

Phonetic Stage
These students know that letters represent sounds and at least one letter represents a sound in a word.
Transitional
The child knows most of the orthographic patterns of English.

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All sounds have letters, and for the most part, the child chooses the correct letter or combination of letters to represent sounds.

Conventional
The child spells almost all words correctly. THe only mistakes at this level occur when the child tries to spell new words with irregular spellings.
What are the two ways to assess spelling development?
(1) In Isolation: The Spelling Test(2) In Context: Writing Samples
What types of spelling words should students be expected to learn?
(1) Groups of words that have commonly ocuring orthographic patterns.(2)High-Frequency words(3) Common-need words: words that several children in the class have difficulty spelling correctly(4)Content area words
What is the sequence for a simple method of self study when it comes to spelling?
(1) Look at the words and say it to yourself(2) Say each letter in the words to yourself(3) Close your eyes and spell the word to yourself(4) Write the word, check your spelling(5) Write the word again
What are 5 multisensory techniques that help children how to spell?
(1) Visual(2) Visual Use of Color(3) Auditory(4) Kinesthetic(5) Tactile
What necessary instruction must be given at each stage of spelling?
(1) Pre-Phonic: Lessons should focus on concepts about print, phonemic awareness, and then on phonics(2) Phonetic Stage: The focus is on phonics, teaching children recular frequently occurring sound symbol correspondences.(3) Transitional: Lessons on the morphology and etymology of words will be helpful(4) Conventional: Should expand their knowledge by learning highly irregular words and words for specific content areas;

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