Reasons Kenya and Uganda. Sir Mackinnon formed a

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Last updated: September 14, 2019

Reasons           Duringthe late 1880s the international arena was ruled by the European powers. Thus,during the Berlin conference of 1884-1885, that was held in Germany, theEuropean powers agreed on right to ‘pursue’ legal ownership of the regions inAfrica. This conference can be considered as the official start of the Scramblefor Africa by European powers: Belgium, France, Germany, Italy, Portugal,Spain, and the United Kingdom (Britain).

 1886-1895:     Mainly, two European powers, Britain and Germany, expressed interest inthe Eastern African Countries at the Berlin Conference (1884-85). Thus, in orderto resolve the dispute peacefully the two Powers signed a treaty in 1886 by givinga consent that Germany would lay claim to the coast of Tanzania and Britainretained access to the area of Kenya and Uganda.    Sir Mackinnon formed a BritishEast Africa Association (BEAA) that later on resulted in the Imperial BritishEast Africa Company (IBEAC). Moreover, In 1887, the company started to administrateon the East Africa upon being chartered in 1888 IBEAC assumed administrative controlof British East Africa. Thus, IBEAC was supposed to govern the areas of exportsand managements of goods and agriculture. Also, it was responsible of buildingthe railways connecting the EAC to Lake Victoria.

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Britain did not take up direct administration of the region under itsSphere of influence rather it gave the right to administer to a commercialcompany, the Imperial British East African Company (IBEAC). The Britishgovernment encouraged Sir William Mackinnon who run a shipping company at thecoast to take up the responsibility. However, the company went bankrupt in 1895due to the war crises.         Movingto the other confrontations between the imperial powers is when the Britishprime minister, Lord Salisbury proposeda deal offers the small island of Heligoland (in British possession since 1814)in return for German recognition of British protectorates in Zanzibar, Ugandaand Equatoria. Yet, despite not fair deal as it was seemed, Berlin, ratifiedthe agreement. Therefore, later on, Germany derived her own benefit from thetreaty by using  Heligoland an invaluablenaval base in two world wars.      Here is the question, why Britain could maintainits dominance over Africans territories?      Accroding Oyebade, Adebayothe fact isthat, in Kenya, Uganda, Tanganyika, Britain organized its colonies at thecentral, provincial, and regional or district levels.

Therefore, they appointedgovernors in the colonial capital who governed along with an appointedexecutive council and a legislative council of selected local and foreignmembers. ( “Colonial Political Systems.” In Colonial Africa,1885–1939, vol. 3 of Africa, ed. Toyin Falola.

Durham: Carolina AcademicPress, 2002).  Meanwhile, the governorswere admitted to the colonial secretary in London, who was proposing andamending the laws, programs and policies in the various departmnets such as: agriculture,international opened trade, transportion, education, security and etc.8         There were several reasons that led to theimplementation of an indirect rule by the British on their colonies: the numberof British citizens in the colonies was small compare to the colonized people ,so , they wanted to prevent any possibilities ?f the ”mass” taking back its authorities.

Secondly it was a language barrier along with poor communication system : thelanguage of the British was different from the of the Africa, thus, theyappointed local rulers. Third, an indirect system was cheaper and easier tomanage compare to the direct rule that require a settlements of the governors inthe colonized area       And the last is a poor climate.the weather of Africa was not conducive for some British citizens, so , theyrefused coming down to AfricaConsequences and Impacts:        Referringto Noam Chomsky and his political writings where his political analyses comedirectly from empirical observations combined with a comparative method ofgovernment proclamations with their actions. We have to mention his main concepts “the intelligentsia” or “the liberalintelligentsia” as well as “humanitarian intervention”. Hiswork based on the high influence of the “super powers” on the weak states. Thatis through the history we my observe the impact of Empires on their colonizedcountries. Colonialism is breaching  “national security interests” by the dominant nations.

According to the “human nature, theessence of which is free, creative self-expression, and voluntary associationwith others”  In other words, justice andfreedom are the main factors that Imperialistic Era was lacking of.         As aresult of multiple Empires emerging from dust, creating different settlements,building a whole system from scrap, they tend to spread their ideas that go farbeyond the capability of disappearance.         The intention of every empire that hasspread its arms to extract valuable goods from different corners of the earth,leads them to prosperity and also to major developments inside the structural,economic and social factors, that later on allows them to create differentinstitutions that allow every architectural, technological, literature, andlast but not least military advancements that come in any imagination of ahuman being to come true.           These Empires due to their colonialpower had the capability to leave behind themselves a historical backgroundthat still proceeds to maintain still till this day.

The best example is theBritish Empire that has led to leave behind still till this day differentstructures and moreover literature that has help the world find aninternational language as we know to this day the “English Language”.            But even before this Empire emerged, theleading Crown at their time was France, spreading it’s influence all over theworld, also credit taken by the Emperor “Napoleon Bonaparte”, the influenceitself has left a huge amount of countries that till this day have theknowledge of the French language, such as: Belgium Benin Burkina BurundiCameroon Canada Central African Republic Chad Comoros Congo, Congo, DemocraticRepublic of Cote d’Ivoire, Morocco, and Canada.         In reality, the world itself that wehave today is shaped by these Empires and may others that have left their markon the world, and that till this day couldn’t be the same if multiple countrieswouldn’t be colonized or taken over of.           As soon as an empire decides to colonizea specific location, this impacts the territory on different levels ofadaptation such as: Structural, social, literature, architectural and mostimportantly economical. 

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