Recommendation for the appointment of the Secretary-General of the United Nations. The secretary-general is chief administrative officer of the organization. According to Article 99, they may notify the Security Council on matters which “in their opinion may threaten the maintenance of international peace and security”. The recommendation of a secretary general has historically been on an informal system of regional rotation. GA Resolution 51/241 states, “due regard shall continue to be given to regional rotation and shall also be given to gender equality.” Many proposed candidates are from Eastern Europe, raising questions as to whether a consensus will emerge that it is Eastern Europe’s “turn” for a Secretary General. Historically, most of the Secretary-Generals have been based around administration, human resources, peacekeeping, and mediation, with different Secretary-Generals focusing more on some.
Kofi Annan, for example, considered an activist, “world moderator”-style secretary-general, won a Nobel Prize for encouraging global cooperation on peace, but he was criticized for his management of the UN’s Oil for Food program in Iraq and other issues. North Korea is a self-identifying socialist country who in its name, has ideals of Democracy. Its international policy focuses on independence and peace as well as actively contributing to the common cause of mankind to build a friendly new world, free from domination and subjugation. North Korea has been targeted in its nuclear program and would prefer a secretary-general who is opposed to the denuclearization of the country and also the promotion of an ideology of freedom.Anto Links:”UN Secretary-General.” UN Secretary-General | UNelections.org, www.unelections.
org/?q=node%2F71. Description: Information about United Nation election processes and overview of current and historical United Nation elections.”Secretary-General of the United Nations.” Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation, 28 Jan. 2018, https://en.wikipedia.
org/wiki/Secretary-General_of_the_United_Nations Description: Encyclopedia-style information on the Secretary-General of the United Nations.Decision of action upon the failing of the ratification of final peace agreement between the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC), and the Colombian government.The Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (Farc, after the initials in Spanish) are Colombia’s largest rebel group. They were founded in 1964 by small farmers and land workers as the armed wing of the Communist Party and follow a Marxist-Leninist ideology in order to fight against the staggering levels of inequality in Colombia at the time. While the Farc have some urban groups, they have always been an overwhelmingly rural guerrilla organisation.
The main enemy of the Farc have been the Colombian security forces. The United Nations has estimated that 12% of all killings of civilians in Colombian conflict have been committed by FARC and ELN guerrillas, and the rest, 80%, by government forces and paramilitaries.Links: “Colombian Government and Farc to Sign New Peace Deal.” BBC News, BBC, 23 Nov. 2016, www.
bbc.com/news/world-latin-america-38073899. Description:Maintenance of international peace and security: Nuclear non-proliferation and nuclearDisarmament.Nuclear non-proliferation is the idea of not manufacturing or promoting the growth of anymore nuclear warheads for intents of peace. Nuclear disarmament is the process of actively getting rid of nuclear warheads.
Though widely covered, the execution of such has been discredited by numerous amounts of sources. Arguing that disarmament is not possible due to the potential repercussions of the environment and such. There is an active treaty on the non-proliferation of nuclear warheads. The Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT) was opened for signature in 1968 and fully implemented in 1970. The treaty itself was extended indefinitely in 1995. It has been amended since then, in 2001, 2006 and 2011. The treaty focuses on preventing the spread and growth of nuclear weapons and technology in aim to create peace.
Links: “Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT) – UNODA.” United Nations, United Nations, www.un.org/disarmament/wmd/nuclear/npt/.