definition of “pastoral”
literally means “rural”
definition of “pastoral”
literally means “having to do with the rustic life of shepherds”
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poem that idealizes rural settings
derived from the Italian word for “little song”
two forms of sonnet
Shakespearean sonnet and Petrarchan sonnet
another term for the English sonnet
another term for the Italian sonnet
number of lines in a sonnet
number of syllables in each line of a sonnet
four lines of poetry
two lines of poetry
eight lines of poetry
six lines of poetry
rhyme scheme of Shakespearean or English sonnet
abab cdcd efef gg
rhyme scheme of Petrarchan or Italian sonnet
abbaabba cdcdcd OR abbaabba cdecde
structure of English sonnet
three quatrains, one couplet
structure of Italian sonnet
one octave, one sestet
dates of English Renaissance
definition of “renaissance”
literally means “rebirth”
replaced medieval worldview’s emphasis on religion and the afterlife
emphasis on experiencing human life here on earth
a comparison of two unlike things using like or asEx: Her eyes are like the sun.
a comparison of two unlike thingsEx. Her eyes are the sun.
an exaggeration for an effectEx: My book bag weighs a ton.
giving human qualities to something that is not humanEx.
Hunger sat on my bed and kept me company all night.
the repetition of initial consonant soundsEx. “Out of the huts of history’s shame.
Repetition of a vowel sound within two or more words in close proximity
A statement or proposition that seems self-contradictory or absurd but in reality expresses a possible truth.Ex. Living is dying.
the writer’s attitude toward the subjectEx. sad, depressed, angry, melancholy
A word that imitates the sound it represents.Ex. Whoosh!
Repeated use of sounds, words, or ideas for effect and emphasisEx. The eye of the tiger. The eye of the tiger. The eye of the tiger.
The eye of the tiger.
A word inside a line rhymes with another word on the same lineEx. You will forever dissever my soul.
Uses words with identical end sound
rhyme in which the vowel sounds are nearly, but not exactly the same (i.e.
the words “stress” and “kiss”); sometimes called half-rhyme, near rhyme, or partial rhyme
Repeating the same grammatical structureEx. “Ferocious dragons breathing fire and wicked sorcerers casting their spells…”
14 line lyrical poem written in iambic pentameter having 3 quatrains and a couplet and a rhyme scheme of ABABBCBCCDCDEE
Description that appeals to the senses (sight, sound, smell, touch, taste)