Review for Religion Final (Part 2)

Topics: CultureTradition

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Last updated: May 7, 2019

Those who reject the early elected caliphs are the
Sunni

One change brought about by the Second Vatican Council was services being held in local languages rather than Latin
True

When indigenous ways were threatened with repression, many of the traditions were practiced
in secret

Religions that worship the divine in many forms are known as polytheistic.
True

Shinto is an indigenous religion of Korea
False

The mystical tradition of Islam is known as
Sufism

The belief that sacred reality is one underlying substance is known as
Monism

The Jewish sabbath begins Saturday night at sunset
False

The philosophical basis of Daoism is expounded in which of the following
Dao de jiing

Archbishop Desmond Tutu is best known for
Fighting apartheid

A covenant is
a contract between God and God’s people

The term anatman means
no eternal soul

Creationism is a belief in the divine creation of all life forms
True

Shi’a Muslims recognize imams as prophets or guides
True

Agnosticism is an intense, personal experience of sacred reality
False

Vajrayana Buddhism is
a form of Buddhism which promises a speeded-up path to enlightenment

Dogma is
a system of doctrine proclaimed as absolutely true

Contemporary Buddhists do not think that Buddhism can provide answers for social problems
True

Indigenous people comprise at least 17% of the world’s population
False

The first four books of the New Testament are called
Gospels

The first witnesses at Jesus’ empty tomb were women
True

There is substantial historical evidence concerning the life of Jesus in sources other than the gospels
False

The name for God in Islam is
Allah

Multinational companies have disrupted indigenous sacred ways by exploiting the local people’s natural resources.
True

The religious texts often considered to be the foundations of Hinuism are called the
Vedas

Which of the following terms is the closest opposite to the term transcendent?
Immanent

Shiva is
the destroyer

Home puja is a practice that is rarely used by modern Hindus
False

In which country would you likely not find Thereavada Buddhist practitioners?
Sri Lanka

Muhammad left clear instructions that Abu-Bakr was to be his successor.
False

Buddhist temples serve as
All of the above

Buddhism is often described as a non-theistic religion.
True

Some scholars have questioned whether Laozi ever existed
True

Who, after persecuting Christians, converted and became one of Christianity’s early proponents and writers?
Paul or Saul

Shinto priests and priestesses are traditionally not expected to meditate and it is common for them to be
married

The appearance of sacred reality in human form is called
incarnation

Ancestor veneration is an important feature of ancient Chinese religions traditions.
True

The spirits sacred to indigenous religions may be worshipped only at specially constructed temples.
False

Judaism may have been influenced by outside views in the diaspora.
True

Dukkha
Suffering

Jesus taught primarily through the use of
parables

Tibetan Buddhism suffered persecution at the hands of communist China
True

What is the name for the portable tabernacle designed by God?
Ark of the Covenant

Some Japanese scholars likened li to the way of the kami.
False

Historians of Hinduism agree that “Aryans” invaded and influenced the Indus Valley.
False

Apocalyptic literature focuses on God’s victory over evil.
True

Which most closely translates the Japanese word kami?
Spirits

The practice of wu wei involves careful observance of Confucian rituals of filial piety.
False

The many forms of Daoist practice are no longer undertaken
False

Today Shinto shrines can only be found in Japan
False

Faithful Muslims are required to perform the hajj annually.
True

The Buddha appointed his disciple Ananda to be his successor.
False

Sufis often came into conflict with orthodox leaders
True

State Shinto promoted the brief that the emperor was the offspring of Amaterasu
True

Under the Taliban in Afghanistan, women were granted new freedoms
False

The term shaman means
a mystical intermediary between the physical and nonphysical world

The Gaia Theory proposes
the earth is a complex, self-regulating organism

The earliest writings of Wahhabism use the Qur’an as justification for holy war.
Fase

Confucian thought was rejected in Japan
False

In many indigenous religions, if one must cut down a tree or kill an animal, one must first
explain one’s intentions and ask for forgiveness

The most popular form of yoga is Bhakti yoga
True

Like many noteworthy religious figures, the Buddha only lived into his early thirties.
True

Ultra-Orthadox Israeli leaders accept converts to Reform Judaism
False

What is the name for the Christian celebration of Jesus’ resurrection?
Easter

Indigenous sacred ways are not static but change with the times
True

Religious rituals may involve
All of the above

Christians refer to Tanakh as the
Old Testament

Mahatma Gandhi taught that it was wrong for Hindus to study other religions
False

Who was the first patriarch of Judaism
Abraham

Evangelicals focus their Christianity on what experience
Being “born again”

Paul insisted that all male converts to Christianity must be circumcised
False

Which of the following was the given name for the individual now known commonly as Confucius?
Kong fuzi

Which of these terms is the closest opposite to the term Monotheistic
Polytheistic

Reform Judaism adapted some practices from Christian church services
True

Buddhist teaching differs from Hindu teaching in that
it rejects the idea of an eternal soul

Zen Buddhism is said to preserve the Buddha’s teachings through mind-to-mind transmission rather than scriptures.
True

The Indian Supreme Court has refused to rule on what beliefs define Hinduism
False

The Confucian virtue ren basically means
innate goodness

Muslims believe that Jesus prophesied the coming of Muhammad
True

The American Muslim population is comprised entirely of immigrants
True

In the history of Christianity, the year 1054 is important because it was the year in which
the Western and Eastern churches excommunicated each other

Islam is the world’s fastest-growing religion
True

A major theme of Daoism
harmony with nature

Which of the following Christian denominations is a spirit-oriented movement?
Pentecostal

There have always been about as many Buddhist monks as there are nuns
False

The Supreme Being for most indigenous peoples is a god who is a
Creator

Confucius’ work was
known, but not considered very significant during his lifetime

Hindu philosophical systems include both dualistic and monistic viewpoints
True

The number of Americans who state that they are at least partly Native American is quickly decreasing.
False

Those who follow the elected caliphs are called
Sunni

Which of the following was the central teaching of Jesus
Love

According to Acts, this event involving the sound of a whirling wind, tongues of fire, and speaking in foreign languages and galvanized the Christian movement into action.
Pentecost

In indigenous religions, everything in nature is experienced as
family

Orthadox followers of a religion believe that practices must change with the times.
False

The deity who watches over family’s activities is known as
the Kitchen God

Pentateuch refers to the
five books of Moses

In Judaism, only men can become rabbis
True

Samkhya and Advaita are
two major Hindu philosophical systems

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