Rhetorical Devices for Poetry

Topics: FamilyRelationships

Type:

Sample donated:

Last updated: November 28, 2019

Epic
long narrative poem about a national event and/or hero that defines a culture.

Dramatic
poem that tells a story and usually has a narrator.

Lyric
poem that expresses the intense feelings of a speaker

Ballad
a poetic song that tells a story; often has a refrain.

Concrete
a poem on a page in a shape that suggest its subject.

Didactic Poetry
poetry that has a message (sermon)

Dramatic Monologue
poem in which an imaginary character speaks to a silent listener.

Elegy
solemn lyrical poem about death

Free Verse
poetry without a regular rhyme scheme or rhythmical pattern

Metaphysical Poetry
poetry that uses non conventional comparisons to express depth of thought, and at times, intellectual playfulness.

Narrative
poem that tells a story

Ode
Long formal lyric poem with a serious theme

Pastoral
Poem that glorifies simple rural life

Sonnet
(14 line poem with a single theme)

Shakespearian (English)
3-4 line quatrains plus a concluding couplet abab cece efef gg

Petrachan (Italian)
One octave with a sestet abbaabba cdecde

Sonnet Cycle (series)
series of connects written on a specific theme.

Rhyme
words with the same or similar end sounds.

Blank Verse
unrhymed iambic pentameter

Couplet
Two rhyming lines

Internal Rhyme
Two words that rhyme within a line of poetry.

Near Rhyme
slant rhyme where the rhyme is similar but not identical.

Rhyme Scheme
the regular pattern of rhyming lines indicated by the final sound in the line of a stanza.

Stanza
a paragraph of poetry

Couplet
2 line stanza.

Quatrain
4 line stanza

Sestet
6 line stanza

Octave
8 line stanza

Rhythm
the beat of a poem [think rap]

Meter
the rhythmic pattern of a poem

Iamb
unstressed then stressed syllables UI

Trochee
Stressed then unstressed syllables IU

Anapest
Two unstressed syllables then a stressed syllable UUI

Dactyl
Stressed syllable with two unstressed syllables IUU

Spondee
Two stressed syllables II

Pyrrhic
Two unstressed syllables UU.

Monometer
one foot line

Dimeter
two foot line

Trimeter
three foot line

Tetrameter
four foot line

Pentameter
five food line

Hexameter
six foot line

Heptameter
seven foot line

Alliteration
repetition of initial consonant sounds

Assonance
repetition of vowel sounds

Consonance
repetition of consonant sounds throughout the words but with different vowel sounds

Onomatopoeia
use of words that imitate sounds (bang!)

Parallelism
lines that are similar in sounds and meaning but not identical

Repetition
use of the exact same sound

Refrain
regularly repeated lines or group of lines (chorus)

Analogy
an extended comparison of relationships.

Metaphor
direct comparison

Simile
Comparison using like or as

Personification
giving nonhuman things human characteristics

Metonymy
something is referred to by using the same associated with it

Synecdoche
A part is used for a whole (or a whole part)

Literary allusion
reference to another literary word – Bible and classical mythology.

Setting
place and time of literary work

Theme
main idea running throughout the literary work

Diction
word choice

Tone
author’s attitude towards a literary work

Mood
reader’s attitude felt while reading a literary work

Imagery
writing that helps the reader get a mental picture of a scene or character; uses figures of speech and description

Three Main Types of Poetry
Epic, Dramatic, Lyric

Choose your subject

x

Hi!
I'm Jessica!

Don't know how to start your paper? Worry no more! Get professional writing assistance from me.

Click here