long narrative poem about a national event and/or hero that defines a culture.
poem that tells a story and usually has a narrator.
poem that expresses the intense feelings of a speaker
a poetic song that tells a story; often has a refrain.
a poem on a page in a shape that suggest its subject.
poetry that has a message (sermon)
poem in which an imaginary character speaks to a silent listener.
solemn lyrical poem about death
poetry without a regular rhyme scheme or rhythmical pattern
poetry that uses non conventional comparisons to express depth of thought, and at times, intellectual playfulness.
poem that tells a story
Long formal lyric poem with a serious theme
Poem that glorifies simple rural life
(14 line poem with a single theme)
3-4 line quatrains plus a concluding couplet abab cece efef gg
One octave with a sestet abbaabba cdecde
Sonnet Cycle (series)
series of connects written on a specific theme.
words with the same or similar end sounds.
unrhymed iambic pentameter
Two rhyming lines
Two words that rhyme within a line of poetry.
slant rhyme where the rhyme is similar but not identical.
the regular pattern of rhyming lines indicated by the final sound in the line of a stanza.
a paragraph of poetry
2 line stanza.
4 line stanza
6 line stanza
8 line stanza
the beat of a poem [think rap]
the rhythmic pattern of a poem
unstressed then stressed syllables UI
Stressed then unstressed syllables IU
Two unstressed syllables then a stressed syllable UUI
Stressed syllable with two unstressed syllables IUU
Two stressed syllables II
Two unstressed syllables UU.
one foot line
two foot line
three foot line
four foot line
five food line
six foot line
seven foot line
repetition of initial consonant sounds
repetition of vowel sounds
repetition of consonant sounds throughout the words but with different vowel sounds
use of words that imitate sounds (bang!)
lines that are similar in sounds and meaning but not identical
use of the exact same sound
regularly repeated lines or group of lines (chorus)
an extended comparison of relationships.
Comparison using like or as
giving nonhuman things human characteristics
something is referred to by using the same associated with it
A part is used for a whole (or a whole part)
reference to another literary word – Bible and classical mythology.
place and time of literary work
main idea running throughout the literary work
author’s attitude towards a literary work
reader’s attitude felt while reading a literary work
writing that helps the reader get a mental picture of a scene or character; uses figures of speech and description
Three Main Types of Poetry
Epic, Dramatic, Lyric