Rhetorical Terms –AP LANG

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Last updated: May 13, 2019
a play on the meaning of words

Definition: an implied comparison/ figure of speech where a word or phrase is applied to an action or subject to which it is not literally applicable.Visual Representation: http://www.bing.com/images/search?q=its%20raining%20men&qs=n&form=QBIR&pq=its%20raining%20men&sc=814&sp=-1&sk=#view=detail&id=15389C8D9D458717459752E257E10443DC786592&selectedIndex=1It’s raining men – Men do not literally pour from the sky; there are simply an abundance of male suitors around at the time.Examples:Broken heart – Your heart is not literally broken into pieces; you just feel hurt and sad.He is the apple of my eye – There is, of course, no real apple in a person’s eye. The “apple” is someone beloved and held dear.

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How to remember it: A metaphor uses a word ‘for’ another word.Impact of using it: The main purpose of a metaphor is to directly compare one thing to another. It does not use the words “like” or “as.

” This literary term aims to create imagery so that we may visualize the connection between two objects or things when they really are not relevant to each other.

Definition: word order is reversed or rearranged Visual Representation: http://www.danieltrichards.

com/wp-content/uploads/2013/06/yoda_stick_figure_of_speech.jpgExamples:”He spoke of times past and future, and dreamt of things to be.””Well written it is.”How to remember it: Pretend you’re Yoda, you’ll be speaking with an anastrophe all the time!Impact of Using it: Like all literary devices, the main function of anastrophe in prose or poetry is to help the writers achieve stylistic effects like laying an emphasis on a particular point or changing the focus of the readers from a particular point. In poetry, anastrophes are regularly used to create rhythm, meter or rhyming scheme in the lines. With an anastrophe, you’ll create an artistic, stylish, creative twist on where you send your readers attention, therefore, impacting them in a colorful way.


pinimg.com/736x/4a/ba/9c/4aba9ced211dc58cf05bd243d6af4ae3.jpgAn example of this would be how it is depicted in the image above, Martin Luther King Junior said, “I have a dream today.

.. I have a dream that one day down in Alabama.

.. I have a dream today..

. I have a dream that one day in every valley.” This is an example because he keeps repeating the phrase I have a dream.

(Anaphora is the use of a word referring to or replacing a word used earlier in a sentence, to avoid repetition, such as do in I like it and so do they)You can remember this device by thinking of doctor suess and his rhyming examples such as, “Green Eggs and Ham” and the whole “I will not eat them with a fox. I will not eat them in a box. etc.”The impact of this strategy is to clearly show their claim or purpose, by repeating the same phrases it makes it very clear to recognize their topic and the stand that they’re taking. It can also be very effective by showing the contrasts that the author may with to make.

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