Robert Frost: Life and Poems

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Last updated: November 27, 2019

When did Robert Frost live?
1874-1963

What country was he born in?
America

Where did he draw the imagery for his poetry from?
The New England Countryside (much like the Georgian poets)

What vernacular did he write and speak in?
New England speech.

Frost’s poetry helped to to provide a link between American poetry in which two centuries?
The 19th and 20th centuries.

Where was Frost born?
San Francisco, California.

Who was he named after?
General of the Confederacy, Robert E. Lee.

How old was Frost when his father died, and what disease did he have?
11 years old; tuberculosis.

Where did the family move after the death of Robert’s father?
Massachusetts, where Frost’s father wanted to be buried.

Where did Frost first study? How long? Why did he withdraw?
Dartmouth College; briefly, but withdrew during his first year because it was too expensive for his struggling, widowed mother.

When and whom did he marry?
Elinor White in 1895

How many children did Frost and Elinor have? How many died young? How many committed suicide?
6; 2; 1, in his twenties.

When did Frost attend Harvard? He left before doing what?
1897-1899; getting his degree.

The Frosts sold their farm and moved to what country in 1912? Why?
England; so that Frost could pursue better literary opportunities, and have a better chance of getting his poems published.

What was the name of Frost’s first book of poetry? Who published it?
A Boy’s Will (1913); the first publisher that Frost approached.

What was the name of Frost’s second book of poetry?
North of Boston (1914).

While Frost lived in England, what was his work associated with?
The Georgian Poets.

What were the Georgian poets known for? Who were the 4 men known as the Georgian poets?
A group of men whose lyric poetry celebrated the British countryside; Robert Graves, Rupert Brooke, Wilfred Owen, and Edward Thomas.

When did the Frosts return to the U.S.?
1915.

Where did he teach literature?
Amherst College, the University of Michigan, Harvard University, and Dartmouth College.

Frost was the first poet to do what? When did he do it?
Read a poem (“The Gift Outright”) at a Presidential Inauguration; 1961

What does Frost’s work mainly reflect?
Life in New England.

Though Frost saw the beauty of nature, he also saw what?
Its potential dangers.

What type of poetry did Frost dislike, and why?
Free verse, because he felt that it was lazy.

What meter did he write in?
Blank verse, which is iambic pentameter with no rhyme scheme.

What was Frost’s 3rd book of poetry?
Mountain Interval (1916).

What poems did Mountain Interval include?
“The Road Not Taken”, “An Old Man’s Winter Night”, “Birches”, “Putting in the Seed”, “Snow”, and “A Time to Talk”.

What was Frost’s 4th book of poetry?
New Hampshire (1924).

What did Frost’s collection New Hampshire earn him?
The first of four Pulitzer Prizes.

What poems did New Hampshire include?
“Fire and Ice”, “Nothing Gold Can Stay”, and “Stopping By Woods on a Snowy Evening”.

What is considered to be Frost’s best-known poem?
“Stopping By Woods on a Snowy Evening”.

What did Frost’s collection Collected Poems (1931) earn him?
His 2nd Pulitzer Prize.

Did Frost’s collection A Further Range earn him a Pulitzer?
Yes!

Did Frost’s collection North of Boston earn him a Pulitzer?
No.

Did Frost’s collection A Boy’s Will earn him a Pulitzer?
No.

Did Frost’s collection A Witness Tree earn him a Pulitzer?
Yes!

What was the masterpiece of Frost’s next to last volume of poetry?
Directive.

What does Frost’s poem Directive instruct its reader to do?
Escape the present by remembering a past time and place.

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