Roman Literature

Topics: HistoryJulius Caesar

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Last updated: April 24, 2019

Etruscans
first inhabitants of Rome, Beginning in the 700s BCE,first rulers of Roman Republic and Empire; Laid the foundation for Rome and Roman civilization

Livy
Historian of Roman Republic who wrote about the struggle between plebians and patricians

Roman Republic
the ancient Roman state from 509 BC until Augustus assumed power in 27 BC

patricians
members of old aristocratic Roman families

plebeians
Of or relating to the common people of ancient Rome

Twelve Tablets
result of the plebeians demnding that laws be recorded

proletariat
unemployed people of ancient roman times

Julius Caesar
100-44 B.C. Roman general who became the republic’s dictator in 45 B.C.

epicureans
believed that the object of life is to seek pleasure and avoid pain

stoics
believed that the object of life is to seek tranquility and this can be approved through moderationin all things

Marcus Aurelius
Roman emperor, military leader, and author of the Stoic Meditations

oratory
most important type of literature in Romans mind

Cicero
wrote in latin, works served a model for schoolboys, wrote Duties of the Individual to the State

Golden Age of Latin Lit
70 BC-14 AD, first thirty are Ciceronian, rest are Augustan

Tacitus
greatest prose writer of the time

Catallus
considered the finest love poet since sappho

Virgil
Dante’s guide in Hell, wrote the epic poem the Aeneid

Horace
son of a freed slave, poetry is about morals wrote “the Odes” and Fall of Cleopatra

Ovid
authors use his writings as a reference for mythological allusions and tales

Martial
wrote satire (cynical epgrams), poems portray daily Roman life

Tacitus
stressed excesses of the imperial court and corruption of the senate, the burning of rome

Nero
Roman Emperor notorious for his monstrous vice and fantastic luxury (was said to have started a fire that destroyed much of Rome in 64) but the Empire remained prosperous during his rule (37-68)

Pliny
wrote a series of letters, one is on the eruption of vesuvius

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