Romanticismwas a culture movement during the 19th century that dominated notonly art, but writing and music, as well as reviving Christianity. The mainqualities of romanticism art were the reflection of the artist’s inner feelingsand rejecting all characteristics of Classicism. The Romantics embraced warmth,emotion, and movement.
Caspar David Friedrich is a well-known German painterthat had a variety of famous paintings. The Dreamer is a painting of a man, who some people presume isFriedrich himself, sitting in the ruins of a medieval monastery in Oybin,Germany. Monastery’s are where monks live under their religious vows. Thesubject is sitting in the archway with a sunset in the background and talltrees. This painting is a romantic paintingbecause of the emotion that’s present. It features the man sitting dramaticallyand intensely. The nature that’s featured, the sunset and the trees, is a focalpoint of the painting as well. The possible themes and ways to interpret The Dreamer are various, especiallybecause of the perspective that Friedrich uses.
He reversed the typical perspective,as if the ruins of the monastery are the outside world and the outside world iswhat’s beyond the arches. The man is most interested in what’s at a distance –the sky and the nature. Like many romantic paintings, there are different waysyou can interpret the painting. How he could be looking at something much darker.There’s such an intense feeling of emotion in The Dreamer, along with other romantic characteristics. It’s truly adeep painting that can be interpreted in many ways.
Facts about Casper David Friedrich1. He grew up in a household of candle-makers and soapboilers2. Many tragedies occurred in his life; like his motherdying when he was seven, his sister dying the year later, his other sisterdying a few years later. The most traumatizing event was when he saw his thirteen-year-oldbrother die by falling through the ice of a frozen lake. What’s the most tragicis that his brother, Johann, was attempting to rescue Friedrich who was playingon the ice dangerously3.
The first time he dabbled in art was when he experimentedwith etching designs into furniture and woodcuts4. He had to limit his painting abilities when he had hisfirst stroke, giving him minor limb paralysis. He became closed off to onlywatercolor and even reworking his older paintings5.
He was described as a “recluse” when he died. After Romanticismwas overpowered he 6. His work was associated with Nazi’s.
It was used for propaganda,which took him decades to repair his reputation as someone who wasn’t tied toNazism7. His style of painting landscapes is known to the maininfluencer8. He was born in Greifswald, Germany9. He was a Professor at the Dresden Academy of fine arts10. When he was 42 he married 19-year-old Caroline Bommer