* Artavia Combs * * November 22, 2011 * * Jennifer Schmitz * * Salmonella * * * What is the infectious agent (pathogen) that causes this infectious disease? For example, the name of the bacteria, virus, or parasite. Samonella is a gram-negative, rod-shaped bacilli that can cause diarrheal illnesses in humans. The infectious agent that causes Salmonella is Salmonella Enterditis . Salmonella Enterditis is the infectious agent that breaks out to be salmonella, which is usually found in food and when ingested you will have food poisining . * How is this infectious agent transmitted through food or water?
This disease can be very harmful when ingested, and is very harmful if it is found in the foods and water of third world countries. Salmonella comes from mishandling food and water or contamination. When it is ingested you and you feel ill, you should go to the hospital to get the correct medicine , because if you don’t the disease may grown in your body and may not be treatable. * What is an example of a real life outbreak of this foodborne illness in the United States? It is estimated that 1 of 6 Americans or 48 million people (roughly) get sick from foodborne illnesses, 128,000 are hopitalized, and 3,000 die from foodborne illnesses.
When they find out that someone has come in contact with a food borne illness they trt to alert the rest of the U. S and remove that food from the selves , so that no one else comes in contact with the infectious disease. * What are the clinical symptoms, duration of the disease, and treatment if any? Possible signs and symptons of salmonella are: nausea, vommitting, abdominal pain, diarrhea, fever, chills, headche, muscle pains, and blood in stool. The incubation period lasts for about a few hours to 2 days and it generally lasts from 4 to seven days .
The doctor may recommend anti- diarrheals and antibiotics. * What steps can be taken to prevent further outbreaks? Include individual as well as environmental precautions and methods. You can start by making sure that you cook your food at correct tempatures and that the food os well done, if you are not sure of that use a cooking thermometer to make sure if you are unsure. When you are eating out at a restaurant if the food does not look right to you send it back and return it so they can make it over so that you can be the safe side.