A comparison of one thing to another, using the words “like” “as” or “as though”
Something that on the surface is its literal self but which also has another, abstract meaning
Speaking as if something were human when it’s not
The place where a single line of poetry stops and returns to the next line in the stanza
A group of lines within a poem, separated from other groups by a blank line
A formal lyric poem that addresses and often celebrates a person, place, thing, or idea
The repetition of the same sound in words
Words or phrases that sound like the things they are describing. (hiss, zoom, bow-wow, etc.)
A short poem with seventeen syllables, usually written in three lines with five syllables in the first line, seven in the second, and five in the third. It must refer to something in nature or use a “season word”
A poem form which often has a chanting or prayer like quality. Every line or nearly every line begins with the same word or words
a poem on the art of poetry
when a word or phrase is used more than once
when sounds agree; this usually refers to sounds at the ends of lines
this is the pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables.
Common feet include iambs, spondee, trochees, etc.