Senior Poetry Terms

Topics: ArtSymbolism

Type:

Sample donated:

Last updated: November 27, 2019

Alliteration
The repetition of similar consonant sounds normally at the beginning of words

Assonance
The repetition of identical or similar vowel sounds

Meter
The rhythmical pattern of a poem

Onomatopoeia
The use of words to sound suggest their meaning

Rhyme
The repetition of sounds at the end of words

Rhyme scheme
A regular pattern of rhyming words in a poem

Rhythm
The pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables or beats spoken and written language

Structure
Arrangement of materials within a poem; the relationship of the parts of a poem to the whole; the logical divisions of a poem

Couplet
A two-line stanza usually with the same end rhymes

End-stopped
A line with a pause at the end. Lines that end with a punctuation mark of some kind

Emjambment
The continuation of the sense of grammatical construction from one line of poetry to the next

Stanza
A group of lines in a poem considered as a unit, paragraphs in prose

Figurative language
Using words to mean something other than their literal or factual meaning

Hyperbole
An exaggeration that creates humor, emphasizes particular points and or creates dramatic effects

Imagery
Words that appeal to one or more of the five senses; sensory language

Metaphor
Figure speech in which something is described as though it were something else. It works by pointing out the similarity between two things

Personification
A type of language in which an inanimate subject is giving human characteristics

Simile
Makes a direct comparison between two unlike subjects using like or as

Symbol
Anything that sounds for or represent something else; concrete objects that represent abstract ideas

Ballad
A songlike poem that tells a story, often one dealing with adventure and romance

Concrete poem
A poem with a shape that suggests it’s subject

Free verse
Poetry that is not written in a regular rhythmical pattern or set rhyme scheme

Lyric
Highly musical poem that expresses the observations and feelings of a single speaker

Narrative
Story told in verse (poetic form.) It often possesses the elements of fiction, such as characters, conflict, and plot

Sonnet
14 line poem often written in iambic penta meter

Mood
The feeling or atmosphere created by the poem

Speaker
Imaginary voice assumed by the writer of a poem

Tone
The attitude toward the subject and audience conveyed by the language and rhythm of the speaker

Connotation
Associations that attach themselves to words; create mood or meaning

Anti-thesis
The arrangement of contrasting words, sentences, and ideas in a balanced grammatical structure

Apostrophe
Addressing a nonliving object, abstract idea, or dead person as though it were alive

Euphemism
Using mild or vague words in place of more harsh/blunt ones

Metonymy
Substitution of one word for another closely related word

Oxymoron
A phrase consisting of contradictory terms

Paradox
A statement that first appears contradictory, but then actually reveals a truth

Pun
Play on words (spelling, sound, meaning) often creates a double meaning

Symbolism
An object that represents something else (usually of greater importance)

Synecdoche
Using parts to represent the whole

Understatement
Opposite of exaggeration

Dissonance
Harsh, discordant sounds; creates a jarring sound effect

Consonance
Repetition of consonant sounds within nearby words

Euphony
Smooth, musical sounds; creates a pleasant agreeable sound effect

Repetition
Repeating a key word, phrase or line in order to emphasize importance

Dramatic
Narrative, but tells story through speech/action; meant to be read aloud/performed

Descriptive
Paints a picture and your mind’s eye using words/scene/characters/details

Didactic
Reflective; meant to teach the reader something; comments/criticizes society; promotes change/learning the lesson

Tercet
Three line stanza

Quatrain
Four-line stanza

Sestet
Six line stanza

Octet
Eight line stanza

Blank verse
Closed form; no rhyme, but contains a set rhythm of iambic pentameter

Concrete (shape)
Poem written in a special shape; often suggest poem’s subject

Dramatic monologue
A character in a dramatic situation; poem is character’s monologue spoken to an unseen character

Elegy
Dignified lyric poem; expresses sorrow (often praise) for someone who has died

Epic
Long, narrative poem celebrating heroes/great events

Epigram
Brief, concise statement; often antithetical; ingenious in thought

Haiku
Japanese poetry three lives of 5,7,5 syllables

Ode
Dedicated lyric poem; dignified/sincere language; serious tone; usually praises someone/thing

Parody
A poem making fun of a serious poem while copying it’s style

Satire
Sarcasm/irony/wit used to ridicule/mock the silliness of human behaviour

Villanelle
French form of lyric; five tercets and a quatrain with two rhymes throughout

Context
Becomes clear with re-reading and analysis

Theme
The central idea/message/point the poem is trying to say; usually about life or the human experience

Choose your subject

x

Hi!
I'm Jessica!

Don't know how to start your paper? Worry no more! Get professional writing assistance from me.

Click here