Slide 2 – High/ LowClass Participation: Askpeople to state their highs (good things that happened to them or that theydid) and lows (things they didn’t like) during this past weekend. What can welearn from them?This is a simplistic form of reflection Slide 4 – Why Reflection?Personal Growth –Reflection helps identify our mistakes and how we can improve on them in thefuture.
Strengthening Emotional Intelligence: – When reflecting or duringself-reflection, it helps to strengthen your emotional intelligence,self-awareness’ and self-regulation. It avails you the opportunity of checkingyour strengths, weaknesses, values, goals and to also check your impact on thepeople around you, then self-regulation involves being able to correct yourselfand adapt to changing situations. This is the building of a successful life Acting with Integrity: – This occurs as a result of conscious effort,reviewing all the actions made and decisions taken and comparing them to thevalues you hold in esteem would help you monitor and control yourself and slowlyhelp you become a person of integrity. Self Confidence: – Over time, reviewing and reflecting on your past willhelp you solidify the decisions you make according to the values , it helps ineffective decision making and asserts confidence because you are verycomfortable with the decisions you take. Self-reflection is usually difficult at first or could be evenembarrassing but after some time, it becomes efficient and very useful to you.It also helps to develop critical thinking skills and creativity Slide 5 – Gibbs Model of Reflection(Initial experience)Description”What happened? Don’tmake judgements yet or try to draw conclusions; simply describe.”Feelings”What were yourreactions and feelings? Again don’t move on to analysing these yet.
“Evaluation”What was good or badabout the experience? Make value judgements.”Analysis”What sense can you makeof the situation? Bring in ideas from outside the experience to help you.””What was really goingon?””Were different people’sexperiences similar or different in important ways?”Conclusions (general)”What can be concluded,in a general sense, from these experiences and the analyses you haveundertaken?”Conclusions (specific)”What can be concludedabout your own specific, unique, personal situation or way of working?”Personal action plans”What are you going todo differently in this type of situation next time?””What steps are yougoing to take on the basis of what you have learnt?” Reflection is more of a cycle. Conclusions drawn from the evaluation andanalysis stages help the person create a new plan for action.
When this newplan is implemented, the process begins again to reflect on these new actions Slide 6 – Reflection Tips1. Reflection can seemlike a daunting task –there are too many things to focus on. It is better to pick one topic each timethat you can deeply reflect on instead of doing a shallow reflection on severaltopics2. You are more likelyto follow through on your reflection if you actually schedule a place and time.
When you just say: “I’ll do it later” of “tomorrow”, it is les likely thatyou’ll actually end up doing it. Also make sure that there are no distractions.Pick a quiet place away from other people 3.
Reflection iseasier when you pick out questions before hand and answer them. Make sure youare honest with your answers; your missteps and where you can improve on. Thereis no point reflecting if you won’t be truthful about it. Let’s not try todeceive ourselves4. Reflection is notjust about what we’ve done wrong.
Don’t forget to celebrate successes! This canimprove your self-confidence and self-esteem when you see all the things thatyou did well Slide 7 – Questions to AskAs the year is ending soon, it is important to reflect on our actionsthroughout the year, and start making plans for next year.These are some questions we could ask ourselves Class Participation: Maybeask the class some of these questions. Ask about peoples New Year’s Resolutionsfrom January: How did it go? Did they achieve them? Why or why not? How willthis affect their 2018 resolutions? Slide 8 – QuoteSome people make the same mistakes over and over again, but never stopto reflect on them and learn from them.
Slide 9 – DiscernmentDiscernment is the ability to perceive clearly the differences betweenthings or people, and make decisions based on those perceptions, The first step is acknowledging that we are not all the same. Somepeople are smarter, better looking, louder, more annoying than others. Slide 10 – DiscernmentDiscernment is like gauging everything you come across to see if it isaligned with your personal goals and values.
Appropriate and Inappropriate – this can be in terms of ourown actions or the actions of those around us. Going out partying the nightbefore an exam is inappropriateReal from the Unreal – in terms of what is actuallygood vs. what is just masquerading as good – for example, with people,discernment is the ability to distinguish the people that truly care about youand those that don’Eternal from Temporary – Some things lead to truefulfilment, while others are just a temporary pleasure – intrinsic vs. extrinsic goodsGood from the better – discernment is not always amatter of good vs.
bad. There could be two choices, for example two job offers,and neither of them is wrong. After all, having a job is a good thing. Butthere will be differences between them, One may have an organisational culturethat fits more with your values, or one may have more opportunities for careeradvancement. Discernment is the ability to see which is the “good” and which isbetter. Slide 11 – ChoicesIf you have a friend that is known to be very loud and restless person,you know not to make that person you study partner A person who is negative, puts people down, and carries around anger allthe time has bad energy – we choose not to spend time with them because it’ssimply not healthy for us.
We don’t haveto tell other people “that’s a bad person”. We know they aren’t good for us and it will become self-evident forothers who use their discernment. Discernment gives us clear perception and theability to make good choices without having to be better or worse than anyoneelse. Slide 12 – Discernment vs.Judgment1. A judgmental persongoes beyond discerning differences in people to making inferences about theiroverall worthiness.
Discernment is walking into a classroom, recognizing thatit stinks and deciding to stay outside. Judgment is recognizing that is stinksand then deciding that the students in the class are bad people with badhygiene and are inconsiderate to the feelings of other people.2. Judgement is when a person places an emotional valueof good or bad on an activity, person, or experience. When they see an apple,if they determine that it’s a terrible fruit, then anyone who eats one is alsobad.3. Discernment involves one’s self and one’s own lifechoices, whereas judging often means judging the actions or motivations ofothers, or other outside factors.
However the whole point of discernment is todo what you believe is right for you, and to follow your gut. This is notsomething you can do for other people because you don’t know what their beliefsare, and you don’t know all of the factors. You might think someone is actingrude and strange acting and judge them harshly – only to find out that theirdog died that morning. 4.
A person who judgesothers feels inadequate. They feel that they aren’t good enough. Not that whatthey DO isn’t good enough.
But that they are not enough. They want to dumptheir negative feelings on others. They judge others as “bad,” andthen, momentarily, they can feel superior to someone or something else. Slide 14 – Dynamic World”Being is becoming”;Everything changesLife is not a finishedproduct, but an on-going processPeople, the environment, ourgoals are constantly evolving Slide 15 – Dynamic World 2Technology – as technology keeps improvingand with the creation of the Internet, we are now bombarded with so maydifferent types of information, in the form of articles, videos, and socialmedia. It is important to use our discernment to distinguish what is true andwhat is false and also what is appropriate for us to see and take part in. Society – society and its values keepchanging.
In the past, slavery was an accepted practice and now it is not.Before, homosexuality was not accepted, but now it is. With all these newchanges, we need to discern which ones we, personally, can accept. Even morespecifically, our circle of friends and acquaintances changes as we movethrough the different stages of our lives.
Itis important to differentiate those that harm us or hinder our journey andthose that divert the focus of the journey. People – Our own values and goalschange as we grow up, so it is important to reflect every once in a while tomake sure that they are still relevant to our current situation. Our perceptions of self and others need a constantre-visit