SOAPStone

Topics: Sociology

Type:

Sample donated:

Last updated: May 11, 2019

rhetoric
art of speaking or writing effectively to serve your desired purpose

rhetorical situation
context; situation which generates author’s need for writing

SOAPS
subject, occasion, audience, purpose, speaker

rhetorical situation is determined by
SOAPS

3 sides of rhetorical triangle
subject, writer, reader

focus on audience
persuasive

focus on subject
informative

focus on writer
expressive

subject
what is being written about; main message

occasion
context, reason for writing the work

audience
who work is directed towards

purpose
aim of the work; point the author is trying to convey

speaker
who tells the story; can be character or author, depending on pov

tone
writer or speaker’s attitude toward the subject

why is diction important to creating tone
in written works the writer cannot rely on inflection, volume, or gestures like they can in spoken word to create a tone

imagery
collection of verbal images in a literary work

imagery can be
literal or figurative

literal imagery
descriptions that create literal pictures in the mind; exact description as author perceives it; not comparing, just describing

figurative imagery
creates images by comparing object being described to something else, using similes, metaphors, or analogies

figurative language
whenever you describe something by comparing it to something else

plain style
simple writing, direct and to the point; not very emotional or descriptive

rationalism and Age of Reason style
logical argument, questioning, secular

what creates tone?
diction, details, syntax, imagery, figurative language

_______ determines rhetorical situation; _________ determines tone
SOAPS; diction, details, syntax, imagery, figurative language

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