Somalia has been without an effect central government since
the fall of the sieta ra regime in 1991. Rival factions constantly fighting for
power. Constant struggle in the capital, Mogadishu between UN funded transitional
federal government and their islamists oponnents, al shibab, linked closely to
Somali piracy, whose spectacular success has been splashed
across the world’s headlines, has occurred off both Somalia’s Indian Ocean
coast and in the Gulf of Aden, the large expanse of water between Somalia’s
north coast and Yemen. Ship hijacking began in the Gulf before President Barre
was overthrown in 1991 and maritime predation gradually increasing.
Somalia always possessed favorable geography: significant
trade routes have passed close go both its coasts for much of the recorded history.
It also had a strong maritime tradition nurtured by its proximity to fishing
Piracy arose after 1991 with the spread of conflict and
disorder, and the rise to power of elites. (write more about this)
Since the early 1990s the waters off the east African state
of Somalia have been among the most pirate-infested areas in the world.
International Maritime Bureau (IMB), a commercially funded organization that
maintains reliable piracy statistics has released records in 2006 that show the
number of attacks off Somali, which exceed any other state since their records started
Although the attacks related to Somali pirates have reduced
according to the IMB Live Piracy Report, vessels are still advised and
encouraged to remain vigilant as the threat still exists in the waters off
southern Red Sea, Gulf of Aden, Arabian Sea and the northern Somali coast.2
All vessels are provided with instructions and general advice on how to spot
and act during an encounter.