South America is considered as a well-known continent, the center of soccer culture, and most importantly, a center of fascinating and growing economies of the world in modern times. Several countries of the continent were part of Spanish occupation for several years leading to growth-oriented lifestyle and culture.
To know more about the mystery of how some of these countries, especially Brazil, have developed to be the fastest growing economies in the world and how the history of country has contributed to its growth, we need to turn the pages of history to look back at evolution of how the tribes and natives of these countries lived.The Bororo tribe live in Mato Grosso, Brazil and was discovered in the 1930’s by an explorer. The Bororo tribe uses 2 main languages, Portuguese and Bororo. The language is spoken by about a thousand individuals that make up the ethnic group in Brazil. But, before these two languages, there is a cultural language the Bororo people call Boe Wadáru. Until the end of the 1970s, The Salesian Indigenous Mission subjected children and teenagers to a school system that prohibited the use of the native tongue to be spoken in the villages of Meruri and Sangradouro. This action almost caused the extinction of the Bororo language. Today the Bororo language is spoken by almost the entire Bororo population.
The Salesian Missions is a Roman Catholic Latin Rite religious institute founded in the late nineteenth century by Italian priest Saint John Bosco to help poor children during the Industrial Revolution. With the language, the Bororo people also share a number of beliefs that originate from their indigenous religion. The Bororo declined to eat maize or meat until after it’s been blessed by a medicine-man, due to the belief that touching or consuming unholy maize or meat could kill those who eat it, along with the entire tribe. The Bororo also relate breath odor with a person’s soul and body odor with a person’s life-force. There are two main ceremonial items, the poari and the ceremonial headdress.
The poari is a clarinet-type instrument. The poari consists of a gourd enhanced with parrot feathers and a narrow cane reed that fits inside of the gourd. The upper end of the reed is closed, while the lower end is left open, allowing the air to rumble within the gourd. It is said that the Bororo still use this particular instrument in their ceremonies.
The use of ceremonial headdresses was recorded in 1791 by Portuguese scientist, who got a bright headdress along with a ritual stone ax used by the Bororo. Like the poari, the ritual stone ax had sensible purposes outside of its use as a ceremonial ornament. The Bororo people usually keep these items at their house. The Bororo people used thatched houses are arranged in a circle around a central clearing, in which the men’s house is built. Households belonging to a given moiety(each of two social or ritual groups into which a people is divided) are located along one-half of the circle; those of the other moiety use the other half. Within the moiety areas, households of each kindred are grouped together.
As in the picture below, the Bororo’s huts have a cone-shaped, thatched hut made out of grass and held together with long pieces of string and mud walls. The house has only one entrance and provides enough security to keep the dwellers content. In the complex Bororo social organization individuals are identified according to their clan, their ancestry, and their residential group. Descent among the Bororo is based on kinship with the mother or the female line; thus the newborn receives a name that will identify him/her to his/her mother’s clan. However, although that is the ideal normal formality of conduct, in practice this may be manipulated in order to satisfy other interests. The village is divided into two exogamic halves – Exerae and Tugarége -, each of them subdivided into four main clans, which are composed of several lineages.
There is a hierarchy among lineages manifested in categories such as larger, smaller, more important, less important, older brother and younger brother. The Bororo tribe does not have a wide extent of a settlement but, their language has a greater area of the map than their settlement as you see below.