Type: Response Essays
Sample donated: Christina Santos
Last updated: June 11, 2019
Specifically,within the brain, opioids act by attaching to specific proteins called opioidreceptors, which are found in the brain, spinal cord and other organs in thebody. When these drugs attach to their receptors, they reduce pain. (ASAM) Whentaken, the common symptoms that occur with opioids before being abused are drowsiness,confusion, nausea, and affects in breathing.
Some people experience a feelingof intense excitement or happiness in response to opioid medication. Those who abuse opioids may do so by taking the drug in ways other thanthe original way it was prescribed to them. For example, according to the webarticle, “Prescription Drug Abuse” written by the National Institute on DrugAbuse, “OxyContin is an oral medication used to treat moderate to severe painthrough a slow, steady release of the opioid.
People who abuse OxyContin maysnort or inject it, thereby increasing their risk for serious medicalcomplications, including overdose.” (NIDA 3) With the number of transmittersthat the drug sends to the patient’s brain, opioids can also affect differentorgans of the body. These other organs include, the bladder, liver,heart, lungs, and immune system. One of the side effects of just usingthe medication includes constipation, so when abused, the medication canactually block up your bladder completely.
When injecting the drug, thesharing of needles can cause hepatitis. The way that opioids affect theheart is by infecting the actual lining of the heart. The danger involved withthe lungs is that when abused, even a single large dose can cause severerespiratory depression and this can slow breathing, which can be fatal. Also,the immune system becomes weak and is unable to fight off any infection. Out of the commonly abusedprescribed drugs and based on all the different types of side effects andpossible deaths, opioid drugs cause some of the most danger to the human bodybecause of the long-term neurological effects, emotional effects, and organdamage. The harms of prescription drug use abuse are substantial and theconsequences are becoming worse and worse.
Prescription drug abuse isassociated with a range of serious medical long-term outcomes, includingintoxications, mental illnesses, and chronic diseases, and premature death. There are a many ways that one can prevent anoverdose of a prescribed drug. The first way is to always take theprescribed amount, nothing more or less.
The second way is to take it thecorrect way, do not inject the drug if it is prescribed to be taken orally.Another effective action would be to contact the United States Department ofHealth and Human Services for help in cases of abusing drugs. It isimportant the society buckles down more on the abuse of prescribed drugs,whether it means more limitations or stricter punishments for those doing so,it needs to happen soon.