Specifically, or inject it, thereby increasing their risk

within the brain, opioids act by attaching to specific proteins called opioid
receptors, which are found in the brain, spinal cord and other organs in the
body. When these drugs attach to their receptors, they reduce pain. (ASAM) When
taken, the common symptoms that occur with opioids before being abused are drowsiness,
confusion, nausea, and affects in breathing. Some people experience a feeling
of intense excitement or happiness in response to opioid medication.

 Those who abuse opioids may do so by taking the drug in ways other than
the original way it was prescribed to them. For example, according to the web
article, “Prescription Drug Abuse” written by the National Institute on Drug
Abuse, “OxyContin is an oral medication used to treat moderate to severe pain
through a slow, steady release of the opioid. People who abuse OxyContin may
snort or inject it, thereby increasing their risk for serious medical
complications, including overdose.” (NIDA 3) With the number of transmitters
that the drug sends to the patient’s brain, opioids can also affect different
organs of the body.  These other organs include, the bladder, liver,
heart, lungs, and immune system.  One of the side effects of just using
the medication includes constipation, so when abused, the medication can
actually block up your bladder completely.  When injecting the drug, the
sharing of needles can cause hepatitis.  The way that opioids affect the
heart is by infecting the actual lining of the heart. The danger involved with
the lungs is that when abused, even a single large dose can cause severe
respiratory depression and this can slow breathing, which can be fatal. Also,
the immune system becomes weak and is unable to fight off any infection.

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            Out of the commonly abused
prescribed drugs and based on all the different types of side effects and
possible deaths, opioid drugs cause some of the most danger to the human body
because of the long-term neurological effects, emotional effects, and organ
damage.  The harms of prescription drug use abuse are substantial and the
consequences are becoming worse and worse. Prescription drug abuse is
associated with a range of serious medical long-term outcomes, including
intoxications, mental illnesses, and chronic diseases, and premature death.  There are a many ways that one can prevent an
overdose of a prescribed drug.  The first way is to always take the
prescribed amount, nothing more or less.  The second way is to take it the
correct way, do not inject the drug if it is prescribed to be taken orally.

Another effective action would be to contact the United States Department of
Health and Human Services for help in cases of abusing drugs.  It is
important the society buckles down more on the abuse of prescribed drugs,
whether it means more limitations or stricter punishments for those doing so,
it needs to happen soon.   


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