Type: Research Essays
Sample donated: Kristen Webb
Last updated: September 25, 2019
Stanley Milgram Experiment 1 Stanley Milgram ExperimentMadonna UniversityLucas Lockard Medical Ethics 4110 December 30, 2017 Stanley Milgram Experiment 2 Stanley Milgram ExperimentIntroductionThe Stanley Milgram experiment is the study of the way people respond to obedience. It’s a social psychological experiment conducted by Stanley Milgram. It’s one of the most important experiments ever administered. This research raised a lot of ethical issues as a lot of people argued if it is ethically right or wrong. In this essay, I will talk about this experiment and its results. I will also mention the ethical view of both Utilitarian and Kantian moral theories. Finally, I will state my opinion regarding the ethicality of this experiment. Purpose and ResultsThe Stanley Milgram experiment was conducted for the purpose of testing the willingness of participants, people from different occupations with different levels of education, to obey the instructor.
Participants were to believe that they were aiding unrelated experiment, where they had to administer electrical shocks to a learner. These pretend electrical shocks gradually rose to levels that might be fatal if they were real. The experiment began with two groups of subjects that were told that they would be studying the effects of punishment on learning. There will be “Teachers” from the participants who would give out word pairs to Stanley Milgram Experiment 3 “Learners”. Learners will be punished with electrical shocks if they failed to remember the pairs correctly. The teachers were seated beside the electrical generator; the generator had 15 to 450 volts switches.
The shock will increase each time the learner remember the word pair incorrectly. (Murphy, 2004)The first set of Milgram’s experiment, the participants who applied the experiment’s final 450-volt shock, were 65 percent (26 of 40). All other applied shocks were at least 300 volts (Milgram, 1963). Subjects had been uncomfortable doing so and displayed various levels of tension and stress. “These signs and symptoms included sweating, trembling, stuttering, biting their lips, groaning, digging their fingernails into their pores and skin, and some were having nervous laughing or seizures”.
(Milgram, 1963) All participants paused the experiment to question it. The instructor comforted the participants. However, a few said that they might refund the cash they have been paid for taking part in the experiment.Ethical issues Milgram experiment raised many ethical issues. Not giving the right of withdrawing was one of them; “the instructor gave verbal prods which essentially discouraged withdrawal from the experiment such as: you have no other choice but to continue or please continue”. (McLeod, 2007) According to the Kantian moral theory, this is considered morally unjustified.
The Kantian moral theory states that each person has the right to make his own decision to have full autonomyStanley Milgram Experiment 4 As for the Utilitarianism moral theory, it states that the morally right action is the one that maximizes utility. According to the Utilitarianism moral theory, the experiment is justified; because the majority of the participants were pleased that they had participated until the end (McLeod, 2007). The majority of participants were happy with the experiment, even though this experiment created many ethical issues. UnethicalIn my point of view, I believe that the Milgram experiment is unethical.
The experiment raised a lot of ethical issues. The participants experienced administering 400 V electric shock to a person and hearing him scream in pain and eventually struggle to death which may affect one’s life. Also, Milgram lied to the participants, letting them believe that they were shocking a real person. Even after knowing the truth, the participants will still feel guilty that they tried to kill an innocent human just because he/she failed to learn a list of syllables. The participants were not given the right to leave the experiment any time they wanted, instead, the instructor forced them to continue the experiment. Milgram deceived the participants about the purpose of the experiment; they were told that the experiment is about the study of memory which is considered deceiving.
Stanley Milgram Experiment 5ConclusionIn conclusion, the Stanley Milgram Experiment may have a good purpose but the methods were used in a wrong way. It has both advantages and disadvantages. Even though most of the participants were glad in the end, they still got mentally affected.
This experiment will change the way Psychologist’s work. It will be as guidelines regarding the treatment of research participants. Present and future psychological experiments should not use deception to attract the people to participate in it and they should not bring harm to the participants. Stanley Milgram Experiment 6 References 1. McLeod, S. (2007).
The Milgram Experiment. Retrieved 12 27, 2017, from SimplyPsychology: https://www.simplypsychology.org/milgram.html 2. Milgram, S. (1963).
Behavioral Study of Obedience. Journal of Abnormal and Social Psychology, 375. 3.
Murphy, T. F. (2004).
Case Studies In Biomedical Research Ethics.