Suspense Techniques

Topics: EntertainmentEvents

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Last updated: April 29, 2019

Short Story
Focuses on only one conflict, has a single plot, a single setting, a small number of characters, and covers a short period of time; meant to be read in one sitting.

External Conflict
A conflict outside the character such as: person vs. person, person vs. nature, person vs. society

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Internal Conflict
A conflict involving person vs. self

Point of View
The perspective from which the story is told

First Person
Narrator where one of the characters tells the story from his or her point of view. PRONOUN CLUES: 1st Person: I, me, mine, my, we, our, ours, etc.

Third Person Limited
Narrator where the reader only sees the thoughts/feelings inside ONE character’s head. PRONOUN CLUES: 3rd Person: he, she, it, him, her, they, them, their, theirs, etc.

Third Person Omniscient
Narrator meaning “all knowing” because reader sees the thoughts/feelings inside many characters’ heads. PRONOUN CLUES: he, she, it, him, her, they, them, their, theirs, etc.

Second Person
Narrator where the story is told as if the reader is the main character and the reader is experiencing the events.

PRONOUN CLUES: 3rd Person: he, she, it, him, her, they, them, their, theirs, etc.

Mood
The feeling the author wants the reader to have while reading

Foreshadowing
Subtle hints or clues as to what will happen later in the story

Unreliable Narrator
This is a literary device in which the credibility of the narrator is seriously compromised. This can be due to psychological instability, a powerful bias, a lack of knowledge, or even a deliberate attempt to decieve the reader of audience. THESE ARE USUALLY FIRST PERSON NARRATORS.

Setting
Where the story takes place and its effect on the plot

Plot
The pattern of events or main story in a narrative or drama, normally including exposition, rising action, climax, falling action, and resolution

Scene Omission
Deliberately leaving out a scene for effect

In Media Res
When the narrative starts in the middle of the story instead of from its beginning. The characters, setting, and a conflict are often introduced through a series of flashbacks or through characters relating past events to each other

Conflict
Struggle between opposing forces on which the action in a word of literature depends

Flashback
An earlier event inserted into the normal chronological order of a narrative

Exposition
Explains setting, conflict, characters, and information (basic)

Initial Incident
The first event of the story (sparks main conflict)

Rising Action
The events that build up to the climax.

Events that develop the climax

Climax
Turning point of the story and the highest emotional intensity

Falling Action
When the character tries to fix the conflict. Events after climax

Resolution/Dénouement
The ending of the story. Should say how it ends. Problem is solve, “knot is untied”

Irony
The use of words to convey a meaning that is the opposite of its literal meaning

Situational Irony
An outcome that turns out to be very different from what was expected, the difference between what is expected to happen and what actually does

Verbal Irony
A figure of speech in which what is said is the opposite of what is meant

Dramatic Irony
Irony that is inherent in speeches or a situation of a drama and is understood by the audience but not grasped by the characters

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