Syllabus of Vtu Chem Engg

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Fourier series Convergence and divergence of infinite series of positive terms, definition and illustrative examples* Periodic functions, Dirichlet’s conditions, Fourier series of periodic functions of period and arbitrary period, half range Fourier series. Complex form of Fourier Series.

Practical harmonic analysis. Hours UNIT-2 Fourier Transforms Infinite Fourier transform, Fourier Sine and Cosine transforms, properties, Inverse transforms 6 Hours UNIT-3 Application of PDE Various possible solutions of one dimensional wave and heat equations, two dimensional Laplace’s equation by the method of separation of variables, Solution of all these equations with specified boundary conditions. D’Alembert’s solution of one dimensional wave equation. 6 Hours UNIT-4 Curve Fitting and Optimisation Curve fitting by the method : : : 25 03 100 y = ax + b, y = a x 2 + b x + c, = ae bx of least , y = ax b squares- Fitting of curves of the form Optimization: Linear programming, mathematical formulation of linear programming problem (LPP), Graphical method and simplex method. 7 Hours PART-B UNIT-5 Numerical Methods – 1 Numerical Solution of algebraic and transcendental equations: Regula-falsi method, Newton – Raphson method. Iterative methods of solution of a system of equations: Gauss-seidel and Relaxation methods.

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Largest eigen value and the corresponding eigen vector by Rayleigh’s power method. 6 HoursUNIT-6 Numerical Methods – 2 Finite differences: Forward and backward differences, Newton’s forward and backward interpolation formulae. Divided differences – Newton’s divided difference formula, Lagrange’s interpolation formula and inverse interpolation formula. Numerical integration: Simpson’s one-third, three-eighth and Weddle’s rules (All formulae/rules without proof) 7 Hours UNIT-7 Numerical Methods – 3 Numerical solutions of PDE – finite difference approximation to derivatives, Numerical solution of two dimensional Laplace’s equation, one dimensional heat and wave equations 7 Hours UNIT-8 Difference Equations and Z-Transorms Difference equations: Basic definition; Z-transforms – definition, standard Z-transforms, damping rule, shifting rule, initial value and final value theorems.

Inverse Z-transform. Application of Z-transforms to solve difference equations. 6 Hours Note: * In the case of illustrative examples, questions are not to be set. Text Books: 1. B. S.

Grewal, Higher Engineering Mathematics, Latest edition, Khanna Publishers. 2. Erwin Kreyszig, Advanced Engineering Mathematics, Latest edition, Wiley Publications. Reference Books: 1. B.

V.Ramana, Higher Engineering Mathematics, Latest edition, Tata Mc. Graw Hill Publications. 2. Peter V. O’Neil, Engineering Mathematics, CENGAGE Learning India Pvt Ltd. Publishers. MOMENTUM TRANSFER Subject Code No.

of Lecture Hours/Week Total No. of Lecture Hours : 10CH32 : 04 : 52 PART – A UNIT 1: Fluid Statics and its Applications: Concept of unit operations, Concept of Momentum Transfer, Nature of fluids and pressure concept, Variation of pressure with height – hydrostatic equilibrium, Barometric equation, Measurement of fluid pressure – manometers. Continuous gravity decanter, Centrifugal decanter.

Hours UNIT 2: Fluid flow phenomena: Types of fluids – shear stress and velocity gradient relation, Newtonian and non – Newtonian fluids, Viscosity of gases and liquids. Types of flow – laminar and turbulent flow, Reynolds stress, Eddy viscosity. Flow in boundary layers, Reynolds number, Boundary layer separation and wake formation. 6 Hours UNIT 3: Basic equations of fluid flow: Average velocity, Mass velocity, Continuity equation, Euler and Bernoulli equations, Modified equations for real fluids with correction factors. Pump work in Bernoulli equation.Angular momentum equation.

6 Hours UNIT 4: Flow of incompressible fluids in conduits and thin layer: Laminar flow through circular and non-circular conduits. Hagen Poiseuille equation, Laminar flow of non-newtonian liquids, Turbulent flow in pipes and closed channels, Friction factor chart. Friction from change in velocity or direction.

Form friction losses in Bernoulli equation. Flow of fluids in thin layers. 6 Hours PART – B UNIT 5: Flow of compressible fluids: Continuity equation, Concept of Mach number, Total energy balance, Velocity of sound, Ideal gas equations.Flow through variable-area conduits. Adiabatic frictional flow.

Isothermal frictional flow (elementary treatment only). 6 Hours 2 IA Marks Exam Hours Exam Marks : 25 : 03 : 100 UNIT 6: Flow of fluid past immersed bodies: Drag, Drag coefficient, Pressure drop – Kozeny-Carman equation, Blake-Plummer, Ergun equation, Fluidizaion, Conditions for fluidization, Minimum fluidization velocity, Types of fluidization, 4 Hours Metering of fluids: Pipes, Fitting and valves, Measurement of liquid and gas flow rates by orifice meter, venturi meter, rotameter and pitot tube. Hours UNIT 7: Flow through open channels – weirs and notches.

2 Hours Transportation of fluids: Elementary concept of target meter, vortex shedding meters, turbine meters, positive displacement meters, magnetic meters, coriolis meters and thermal meters. Performance and characteristics of pumps – positive displacement and centrifugal pumps. Fans, compressor and blowers.

6 Hours UNIT 8: Dimensional analysis: Dimensional homogeneity, Rayleigh’s and Buckingham’s II – methods. Significance of different dimensionless numbers.Elementary treatment of similitude between model and prototype.

4 Hours Introduction to unsteady state flow: Time to empty the liquid from a tank. 2 Hours Text Books: 1. Unit Operations of Chemical Engineering, McCabe.

W. L. , et. al.

6th edn. , McGraw Hill, New York, 2001. 2. Engineering Fluid Mechanics, Kumar K.

I. ,3rd Edition, Eurasia Publishing House (p) Ltd. , New Delhi,1984.

Reference Books: 1. Chemical Engineering, Vol. 1. , Coulson J.

II and Richardson. J. F.. , 5th edn. , Asian Books (p) Ltd.

, New Delhi, 1998. 2. Introduction to Chemical Engineering, Badger.W. I. , and Banchero J.

T. , Tata McGraw Hill, New York, 1997. CHEMICAL PROCESS CALCULATIONS Subject Code No.

of Lecture Hours/Week Total No. of Lecture Hours : 10CH33 : 04 : 52 PART – A UNIT 1: Units and dimensions: Fundamental and derived units, Conversion. Dimensional consistency of equations. Dimensionless groups and constants. Conversion of equations. 6 Hours UNIT 2: Basic chemical calculations: Concept of mole, mole fraction. Compositions of mixtures of solids, liquids and gases.

Concept of normality, molarity, molality, ppm.Use of semi-log, loglog, triangular graphs. Ideal gas law calculations, 6 Hours UNIT 3: Vapour pressure concepts, humidity, humidity chart, humidification and dehumidification, calculation of humidity. 7 Hours 3 IA Marks Exam Hours Exam Marks : 25 : 03 : 100 UNIT 4: Material balance without reaction: General material balance equation for steady and unsteady state.

Typical steady state material balances in distillation, absorption, extraction, crystallization, drying. 7 Hours PART – B UNIT 5: Steady state material balance for mixing and evaporation.Elementary treatment of material balances involving bypass. Recycle and purging. 6 Hours UNIT 6: Steady state material balance with reaction: Principles of stoichiometry, Concept of limiting and excess reactants and inerts, fractional and percentage conversion, fractional yield and percentage yield, selectivity, related problems.

7 Hours UNIT 7: Ultimate and proximate analyses of fuels, Calculations involving combustion of solid, liquid and gaseous fuels, excess air. 6 Hours UNIT 8: Energy balance: General steady state energy balance equation, Thermo physics.Thermo chemistry and laws.

Heat capacity. Enthalpy, Heat of formation, Heat of reaction, Heat of combustion and Calorific values. Heat of solution. Heat of mixing, Heat of crystallization. Determination of ? Hr at standard and elevated temperatures, flame temperature. 7 Hours Text Books: Stoichiometry (SI Units), Bhatt B. L.

and Vora S. M, Third Edition, Tata McGraw Hill Publishing Ltd. , New Delhi, 1996. 2. Chemical Process Principles Part – I Material and Energy Balances, Hougen O. A.

, Waston K. M. and Ragatz R. A. 2nd Edition, CBS publishers and distributors, New Delhi, 1995. 3. Basic Principles and Calculations in Chemical Engineering, Himmelblau D.

M. , 6th Edition, Prentice Hall of India, New Delhi, 1997. 1. TECHNICAL CHEMISTRY Subject Code No. of Lecture Hours/Week Total No. of Lecture Hours : 10CH34 : 04 : 52 PART – A UNIT 1: IA Marks Exam Hours Exam Marks : 25 : 03 : 100 4 Colligative properties: Concept of mole and mole fraction. Colligative properties – Meaning and types, Lowering of vapour pressure, Raoult’s law – statement, limitations.

Determination of molecular weight by lowering of vapour pressure, problems. Ostwald’s and Walker’s method, Elevation in boiling point of a solvent – derivation, Experimental determination of molecular weight by ebulliscopic method, problems. Isotonic solutions – abnormal molecular weight. Osmosis and Osmotic pressure – Explanation of the terms, effect of concentration and temperature and simultaneous effect of concentration and temperature on osmotic pressure. Determination of molecular weight – Berkeley and Hartley’s method and problems.

Hours UNIT 2: Principles of valence bond theory and molecular orbital theory: Introduction to chemical bonding – Formation of ionic bond, covalent bond and co-ordinate bond with examples; Energies of covalent bond formation, Valence bond theory – postulates and explanation, Types of covalent bonds: -? and -? bonds; Molecular orbital theory – postulates, Linear combination of atomic orbitals (LCAO), conditions for effective combination of atomic orbitals. Molecular orbital configuration of simple molecules (H2 and He2); Similarities and distinctions between valence bond theory and molecular orbital theory; Polar and non polar covalent bonds. Hours UNIT 3: Surface chemistry: Introduction, Types of adsorption – Physisorption and chemisorption, adsorption isotherm, isobar, isotere, Langmuir adsorption isotherm, BET isotherm, BET equation for surface area, Langmuir-Hinshelwood, and Langmuir-Rideal mechanisms, kinetic effects of surface heterogeneity, surface inhibition and activation energies, unimolecular and bimolecular surface reactions, reactions between two adsorbed molecules, Transition state theory of surface reactions, Mechanism of chemisorption and rates of chemisorption and desorption.

Hours UNIT 4: Catalysis: Basic principles, classification of catalytic systems; Homogeneous catalysis: Homogeneous catalysis involving gases, Homogeneous catalysis in the liquid phase with examples including Wilkinson’s catalyst; Heterogeneous catalysis- Explanation with examples including Ziegler-Natta catalyst; Mechanism of acid-base catalysis, Catalytic reactionsHydrogenation, transfer hydrogenation, hydroformylation, isomerization, Wacker’s processacetic acid from ethylene; Negative catalysis and its mechanism. Hours PART – B UNIT 5: Dyes: Colour and constitution – chromophore, and auxochrome theory , modern theory of colour, classification of dyes – by structure and by methods of application. Synthesis of dyes Methyl orange, Congo red, Malachite green, Indigo and Alizarin. Hours UNIT 6: Reaction mechanism: Concept of reactive intermediates- carbanions, carbocations, inductive and resonance effects; Mechanism of nucleophilic substitution (SN1 and SN2) in alkyl halides; Mechanistic concept of elimination reactions (E1 and E2); Mechanism of electrophilic substitution in benzene – Nitration, sulphonation, halogenation, Friedel-Crafts alkyl and acylation reactions; Electronic interpretation of orienting influences of substituents in romatic electrophilic substitution of toluene, chlorobenzene, phenol and nitrobenzene. 7 Hours 5 UNIT 7: Insecticides: Definition, classification – i) Internal or Stomach insecticide ii) External or Contact Insecticides iii) Fumigants – Explanation with examples; Organic insecticides – DDT, Chlordane, Nitrophenol, BHC (Gammexane), Aldrin, Schradan, Parathion, Malathion and Baygon – synthesis and their applications; Rodenticides, Fungicides, and Herbicides – Definition, examples and their applications. Hours UNIT 8: Oils and fats-Vegetable oils- Examples; Analysis of oils- Saponification value,iodine value and acid value – their determination, Extraction of oils- Solvent extraction, Refining of oils, Hydrogenation – manufacture of Vanaspati. Soaps and detergents – Manufacture of soap by hot process; Types of soaps – Liquid soap, Toilet soaps-opaque and transparent; Mechanism of cleansing action of soap; Synthetic detergents– Ionic detergents-anionic and cationic; Nonionic detergents-Manufacture.

6 Hours Text Books: 1. 2. Organic Chemistry, Morrision B. R.

nd Boyd L. L. , 6th Edition, ELBS, New Delhi, 1999.

Physical Chemistry, Puri L. R. and Sharma B. R. , 14th Edition, Chand S. and Co.

, New Delhi, 1998. Reference Books: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6.

7. 8. Modern Synthetic Reactions, House, H. O.

, ULBS Publishers, New Delhi. Organic Reactions Mechanism, Sykes Peter, 2nd Edition, ULBS Publishers, New Delhi, 2003. Organic Chemistry, Finar, Vol 1 and 2, ULBS Publishers, New Delhi. Industrial Chemistry, Sharma B.

K. , 11th Edition, Chand S. and Co. New Delhi, 2001. Organic Chemistry, Tiwari Melhrotra and Vishnoi, 7th edition, Chand S. nd Co.

, New Delhi, 1996. A Text Book of Organic Chemistry, Arun Bahl and Bahl B. S. , 15th Edition, S. Chand and Company, New Delhi, 1998. Surface Chemistry: Theory and applications, J. J. Bikerman, 2nd Edition, Academic press, New York, 1972.

Physical Chemistry of Surfaces, A. W. Adamson, 3rd Edition, Interscience publishers Inc. , New York, 1960.

MECHANICAL OPERATIONS Subject Code No. of Lecture Hours/Week Total No. of Lecture Hours : 10CH35 : 04 : 52 PART – A UNIT 1: Particle technology: Particle shape, particle size, different ways f expression of particle size, shape factor, sphericity, standard screen, screens – ideal and actual screens, differential and cumulative size analysis, specific surface of mixture of particles, Number of particles in a mixture, effectiveness of screen, 5 Hours UNIT 2: 6 IA Marks Exam Hours Exam Marks : 25 : 03 : 100 Industrial screening equipment, Motion of screen, Grizzly, Gyratory screen, Vibrating screen, Trommels, Sub sieve analysis – Air permeability method, Sedimentation and elutriation methods. Hours UNIT 3: Size reduction: Introduction – Types of forces used for comminution, Criteria for communition, characteristics of comminuted products, Laws of size reduction, Work Index, Energy utilization, Methods of operating crushers – Free crushing, Choke feeding, Open circuit grinding, Closed circuit grinding, Wet and dry grinding, Equipment for size reduction – Blake jaw crusher, Gyratory crusher, Smooth roll crusher, Toothed roll crusher, Impactor, Attrition mill, Ball mill, Critical speed of ball mill, Ultra fine grinders, Fluid energy mill, Colloid mill, Cutters – Knife cutter. Hours UNIT 4: Motion of particles through fluids: Mechanics of particle motion, equation for one dimensional motion of particles through a fluid in gravitational and centrifugal field, Terminal velocity, Drag coefficient, Motion of spherical particles in Stoke’s regime, Newton’s regime and Intermediate region, Criterion for settling regime, Hindered settling, Modification of equation for hindered settling, Sedimentation: Coe and Clevenger theory, Kynch theory, Batch settling test, Application of batch settling test, Determination of thickener area. Hours PART – B UNIT 5: Filtration: Introduction, Classification of filtration, Cake filtration, Clarification, Batch and continuous filtration, pressure and vacuum filtration, Constant rate filtration, characteristics of filter media, industrial filters, sand filter, Filter press, leaf filter, Rotary drum filter, Horizontal belt filter, Bag filter, Centrifugal filtration – Suspended batch centrifuge, Filter aids, Application of filter aids.

Hours UNIT 6: Agitation and mixing: Application of agitation, Agitation equipment, Types of impellers – Propellers, Paddles and Turbines, Flow patterns in agitated vessels, Prevention of swirling, Standard turbine design, Power correlation and power calculation, Mixing of solids, Types of mixers – Change can mixers, Muller ixers, Mixing index, Ribbon blender, Internal screw mixer, Tumbling mixer. 6 Hours UNIT 7: Sampling, storing and conveying of solids: Sampling of solids, storage of solids, Open and closed storage, Bulk and bin storage, Conveyors – Belt conveyor, Chain conveyor, Apron conveyor, Bucket conveyor, Bucket elevator, Screw conveyor, Slurry transport, Applications of fluidization, Pneumatic conveying. Hours UNIT 8: Miscellaneous separation: Magnetic separation, electrostatic separation, Jigging, Heavy media separation, Froth floatation process, Additives used during floatation, Floatation cells, Typical floatation circuits, Size enlargement (only principle and equipment) – Flocculation, Briquetting, Pelletization, Granulation, Settling chambers, Centrifugal separators, Cyclones and Hydro cyclones, Electrostatic Separator, Venturi scrubber. 7 Hours Text Books: 7 Unit Operations of Chemical Engineering, McCabe W.L. , et. al.

, V Edn. , McGraw Hill International, New york, 2000. 2.

Introduction to Chemical Engineering, Badger, W. L. and Banchero J. T, 3rd Edition, McGraw Hill International Edition, Singapore, 1999.

3. Coulson and Richardson’s Chemical Engineering Vol. 2 Particle Technology and Separation Processes, Coulson J. M. and Richardson J. F. , 4th Edition, Asian Books Pvt.

Ltd, New Delhi, 1998. Reference Books: Unit Operations, Brown. G. G. et. al. , 1st Edition, CBS Publishers, New Delhi, 1995.

Perry’s Chemical Engineers’ Handbook, Perry R and Green W. D. , 1st Edition, McGraw Hill International, New York, 2000. 3. Principles of Unit Operations, Foust A. S. et.

al. , 3rd Edition, John Wiley and Sons, New York, 1977. 1.

2. COMPUTER AIDED CHEMICAL EQUIPMENT DRAWING Subject Code No. of Practical Hours/Week Total No. of Hours : 10CH36 : 03 : 39 IA Marks Exam Hours Exam Marks : 25 : 03 : 50 1. Sectional views: Representation of the sectional planes, Sectional lines and hatching, selection of section planes and types of sectional views.

Hours Proportionate drawing of process equipment: Equipment and piping symbols, Vessel component; Vessel opening, Manholes, Vessel enclosures, Vessel support, Jackets, Shell and 12 Hours tube heat exchanger, Reaction vessel and Evaporator. Assembly drawing: (i) Joints: Cotter joint with sleeve, cotter joint, Socket and Spigot joint, Flanged pipe joint, Union joint, Stuffing box and Expansion joint (Screw type or Flanged type). (ii) Valves: Stop valve, Globe valve, Stop cock and Gate valve, Screw down Stop valve, Rams Bottom safety valve, Non-return valve. iii) Pumps: Centrifugal pump, Gear pump. 21 Hours Note: 1. Assignments to be given to students to practice all the drawings and weightage shall be given to these assignments while awarding IA marks. 2. Examination consists of one question on proportionate drawing (15 marks) and one question on Assembly drawing (35 Marks).

Weightage must be given for proportionate sketching drawn on paper. Software: Solid Edge or Equivalent Software Text Books: 1. Machine Drawing, Gopal Krishna, 9th Edition, K. R, Subhas Stores, Bangalore 1995. 2. Machine Drawing, Bhatt, N. D.

29th Edition, Charotar Publishing House, Anand, 1995. 3. Process Equipment Design, Joshi, M. V. , 3rd Edition, Macmillian India publication”, New Delhi, 2000. Reference Books: 1. Chemical Process Equipment, Walas, S.

M. , Butterworth Heinemann Pub. 1999. 2. Applied Process Design, Ludwig E. E.

, 3rd Edition, Gulf Professional Publising, New Delhi, 1994. 8 MOMENTUM TRANSFER LAB Subject Code No. of Practical Hours/Week Total No.

of Hours : 10CHL37 : 03 : 39 IA Marks Exam Hours Exam Marks : 25 : 03 : 50 The experiment should be based on the following topics; 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8.

9. 10. 11. 2. 13. 14. Friction in circular pipes Friction in non circular pipes Friction in helical / spiral coils Flow rate measurement using venturi / orifice meters (incompressible fluid) Local velocity measurement using pitot tube Flow over notches Hydraulic coefficients – open orifice Packed bed Fluidized bed Characteristics for centrifugal pump Study of various pipe fittings and their equivalent lengths Compressible fluid flow measurement using venturi / orifice meters Reynolds apparatus Air lift pump Note: Minimum of 10 experiments are to be conducted. TECHNICAL CHEMISTRY LAB – I Subject Code No.

f Practical Hours/Week Total No. of Hours : 10CHL38 : 03 : 39 IA Marks Exam Hours Exam Marks : 25 : 03 : 50 The experiment should be based on the following topics; 1. 2.

3. 4. 5. 6. 7.

8. 9. Estimation of HCl and CH3COOH in a given acid mixture conductometrically. Determination of sulphate and nitrate in the given sample of water using Nephelometer and spectrophotometer. Determination of chloride content in the given sample of water using N/40 AgNO3 solution and KCl crystals. Determination of partition coefficient of iodine between water and carbon tetrachloride.

Study of kinetics of the reaction between K2S2O8 and KI. Determination of percentage of nitrogen in ammonium fertilizers, using 1 N NaOH solution and standard HCl solution. Determination of percentage composition of binary mixture using Ostwald’s viscometer. Effect of salt on the critical solution temperature of phenol-water system. Determination of molecular weight of a non-volatile solute by elevation in boiling point. (Using McCoy’s apparatus). 9 10. 11.

12. Determination of nickel as nickel dimethylglyoximate gravimetrically (after separating iron) in the given stainless steel solution.Determination of iron as ferric oxide gravimetrically (after separating copper) in the given chalcopyrites ore solution. Determination of zinc in the given brass solution volumetrically (after separating copper). Note: Minimum of 10 experiments are to be conducted. ENGINEERING MATHEMATICS – IV Sub Code Hrs/ Week Total Hrs.

: : : 10MAT41 04 52 IA Marks Exam Hours Exam Marks : : : 25 03 100 PART-A UNIT-1 Numerical Methods- 1 Numerical solution of ordinary differential equations of first order and first degree; Picard’s method, Taylor’s series method, modified Euler’s method, Runge-kutta method of fourth-order.Milne’s and Adams – Bashforth predictor and corrector methods (No derivations of formulae). 6 Hours UNIT-2 Numerical Methods – 2 Numerical solution of simultaneous first order ordinary differential equations: Picard’s method, Runge-Kutta method of fourth-order.

Numerical solution of second order ordinary differential equations: Picard’s method, Runge-Kutta method and Milne’s method. 6 Hours UNIT-3 Complex variables – 1 Function of a complex variable, Analytic functions-Cauchy-Riemann equations in cartesian and polar forms. Properties of analytic functions.

Application to flow problems- complex potential, velocity potential, equipotential lines, stream functions, stream lines. 7 Hours UNIT-4 Complex variables – 2 Conformal Transformations: Bilinear Transformations. Discussion of Transformations: 7 Hours w = z 2 , w = e z , w = z + ( a 2 / z ) . Complex line integrals- Cauchy’s theorem and Cauchy’s integral formula. PART-B UNIT-5 Special Functions Solution of Laplace equation in cylindrical and spherical systems leading Bessel’s and Legendre’s differential equations, Series solution of Bessel’s differential equation leading to Bessel function of first kind.Orthogonal property of Bessel functions. Series solution of Legendre’s differential equation leading to Legendre polynomials, Rodrigue’s formula. 7 Hours 10 UNIT-6 Probability Theory – 1 Probability of an event, empherical and axiomatic definition, probability associated with set theory, addition law, conditional probability, multiplication law, Baye’s theorem.

6 Hours UNIT-7 Probability Theory- 2 Random variables (discrete and continuous), probability density function, cumulative density function. Probability distributions – Binomial and Poisson distributions; Exponential and normal distributions. Hours UNITSampling Theory Sampling, Sampling distributions, standard error, test of hypothesis for means, confidence limits for means, student’s t-distribution. Chi -Square distribution as a test of goodness of fit 6 Hours Text Books: 1. B. S. Grewal, Higher Engineering Mathematics, Latest edition, Khanna Publishers 2. Erwin Kreyszig, Advanced Engineering Mathematics, Latest edition, Wiley Publications.

Reference Book: 1. B. V. Ramana, Higher Engineering Mathematics, Latest edition, Tata Mc. Graw Hill Publications. 2.

Peter V.O’Neil, Engineering Mathematics, CENGAGE Learning India Pvt Ltd. Publishers. MATERIAL SCIENCE Subject Code No. of Lecture Hours/Week Total No. of Lecture Hours : 10CH42 : 04 : 52 PART – A UNIT 1: Introduction: Introduction to material science, classification of engineering materials, Level of structure, Structure property relationships in materials. 2 Hours Crystal Geometry And Structure Determination Geometry of crystals-the Bravais lattices, Crystal directions and planes-the miller indices, Structure determination-X-Ray diffractionBragg law, The powder method, Scanning electron microscope. Hours UNIT 2: Atomic Structure, Chemical Bonding And Structure Of Solids: Structure of atom, Periodic table, Ionization potential, Electron affinity and electro-negativity, Primary and secondary bonds, Variation of bonding character and properties, Covalent solids, Metals and alloys, Ionic solids, Structure of silica and silicates, Polymers.

6 Hours UNIT 3: Crystal Imperfections: Point imperfections, Line imperfections-edge and screw dislocations, Surface imperfections. Hours UNIT 4: Phase Diagram and Phase Transformations: Phase rule, Single component systems, Binary phase diagrams, Lever rule, Typical phase diagrams for Magnesia-Alumina, Copper-Zinc, Iron – Carbon systems, Nucleation and growth, solidification, Allotropic transformation, Cooling curve for pure iron, Iron-carbon equilibrium diagram, Isothermal transformations (TTT Curves), Eutectic, Eutectoid, Peritectic, Peritectoid reactions. 8 Hours 11 IA Marks Exam Hours Exam Marks : 25 : 03 : 100 PART – B UNIT 5: Deformation of Materials and Fracture: Elastic deformation,Plastic deformation, Creep, Visco-elastic deformation, Different types of fracture. 7 Hours UNIT 6: Heat Treatment: Annealing Normalizing, Hardening, Martempering, Austempering, Hardenability, Quenching, Tempering, Carburising, Cyaniding, Nitriding, Flame hardening. 6 Hours UNIT 7: Corrosion and its Prevention: Direct corrosion, Electro-chemical corrosion, Galvanic cells, High temperature corrosion, Passivity, Factor influencing corrosion rate, Control and prevention of corrosion-modification of corrosive environment, Inhibitors, Cathodic protection, Protective coatings, glass lining, lead lining, FRP lining.

Hours UNIT 8: Typical Engineering Materials: Ferrous metals, Non ferrous metals and alloys – Aluminium and its alloys, Copper and its alloys, Lead and its alloys, Tin, Zinc and its alloys, Alloys for high temperature service, Ceramic materials – Structure of ceramics, Polymorphism, Mechanical, electrical and thermal properties of ceramic phase. 8 Hours Text Books: 1. Materials Science and Engineering – A First Course, Raghavan V, 3rd Edn. , Prentice Hall of India Pvt. Ltd. , New Delhi, 1996. 2.

Material Science and Processes, Hajra Choudhury S. K. , 2nd Edition, Indian Book Distributing Co.

1982. Reference Books: 1. Elements of Material Science, Van Valck H.

L. , 2nd Edn. , Addision – Wesly Publishing Company, New York, 1964.

CHEMICAL ENGINEERING THERMODYNAMICS Subject Code No. of Lecture Hours/Week Total No. of Lecture Hours : 10CH43 : 04 : 52 PART – A UNIT 1: Basic Concepts: System, surrounding and Processes, Closed and Open systems, State and Properties, Intensive and Extensive Properties, State and Path functions, Equilibrium state and Phase rule, Zeroth law of thermodynamics, Heat reservoir and Heat engines, Reversible and Irreversible processes.

First Law of Thermodynamics: General statement of First law of thermodynamics, First law of cyclic process and non – flow processes, Heat capacity. Derivation for closed system & steady state flow process-flow calorimeter & heat capacity. 6 Hours UNIT 2: P-V-T Behaviour: P-V-T behaviour of pure fluids, Equations of state and ideal gas law, Processes involving ideal gas law: Constant volume, constant pressure, constant temperature, adiabatic and polytropic processes. Equations of state for real gases: Vander Waals equation, 12 IA Marks Exam Hours Exam Marks : 25 : 03 : 100Redlich – Kwong equation, Peng – Robinson equation, Virial equation. Compressibility charts: Principles of corresponding states, Generalized compressibility charts: Principles of corresponding states, Generalized compressibility charts. Thermodynamics diagrams. 6 Hours UNIT 3: Second law of thermodynamics: General statements of the Second law, concept of Entropy, The Carnot Principle, Calculation of entropy changes, Clausius Inequality, Entropy and Irreversibility, Third law of thermodynamics.

Hours UNIT 4: Thermodynamic Properties of Pure Fluids: Reference Properties, Energy Properties, Derived Properties, Work function, Gibbs free energy, Relationships among thermodynamic properties: Exact differential equations, Fundamental property relations, Maxwell’s equations, Clapeyron equations, Entropy heat capacity relations, Modified equations for Internal energy and enthalpy, Effect of temperature on internal energy, enthalpy, and entropy, Relationships between CP and CV, GibbsHelmholtz equation. 8 HoursPART – B UNIT 5: Properties of Solutions: Partial molar properties, Chemical potential, Fugacity in solutions, Henry’s law and dilute solutions, Activity in solutions, Property changes of mixing, excess properties. (Qualitative treatment) Activity & activity coefficient. 7 Hours UNIT 6: Phase Equilibria: Criteria of phase equilibria, Criterion of stability, Duhem’s theorem, Vapour – Liquid Equilibria, VLE in ideal solutions, Non-Ideal solutions, VLE at low pressures, VLE at high pressures, Consistency test for VLE data, Calculation of Activity coefficients using Gibbs – Duhem equation, Liquid-Liquid equilibrium diagrams. Hours UNIT 7: VLE Correlations Equations: Van Laar, Margules, and Willson equations.

6 Hours UNIT 8: Chemical Reaction Equilibria: Reaction Stoichiometry, Criteria of chemical reaction equilibrium, Equilibrium constant and standard free energy change, Effect of temperature, pressure on equilibrium constants and other factors affecting equilibrium conversion, Liquid phase reactions, Heterogeneous reaction equilibria, phase rule for reacting system. 7 Hours Text Books: 1. Introduction to Chemical Engineering Thermodynamics, Smith J. M.

and Vanness H.C. , Fifth edition, McGraw Hill, New York, 1996. 2. Chemical Engineering Thermodynamics, Rao, Y. V. C. , New Age International Publication, Nagpur, 2000.

3. Textbook of Chemical Engineering Thermodynamics, Narayanan, K. V. , 8th Edition, Prentice Hall of India Private Limited, New Delhi, 2001.

PROCESS HEAT TRANSFER Subject Code No. of Lecture Hours/Week Total No. of Lecture Hours : 10CH44 : 04 : 52 IA Marks Exam Hours Exam Marks : 25 : 03 : 100 13 PART – A UNIT 1: Introduction: Various modes of heat transfer Viz. Conduction, Convection and Radiation.Conduction: Fouriers law, Steady state unidirectional heat flow through single and multiple layer slabs, Cylinders and spheres for constant and variable thermal conductivity. 8 Hours UNIT 2: Insulation: Properties of insulation materials, Types of insulation, Critical and Optimum thickness of insulation.

4 Hours Extended Surfaces: Fins – Types of fins, Derivation of fin efficiency for longitudinal fins, Fin effectiveness. 2 Hours UNIT 3: Elementary treatment of unsteady state heat conduction. 2 Hours Convection: Individual and overall heat transfer coefficient, LMTD, LMTD correction factor. Hours UNIT 4: Dimensionless numbers, – Dimensional analysis, Empirical correlation for forced and natural convection. 6 Hours PART – B UNIT 5: Analogy between momentum and heat transfer – Reynolds, Coulburn and Prandtl analogies. Heat Transfer with Phase Change: Boiling phenomena, Nucleate and film boiling, Condensation – Film and Drop wise condensation, Nusselts equations. 5 Hours UNIT 6: Heat Transfer Equipment: Double pipe heat exchangers, Shell and tube heat exchangers – Types of shell and tube heat exchangers, Construction details, Condenser – types of condensers.

Hours UNIT 7: Design of Heat Transfer Equipment: Elementary design of double pipe heat exchanger, shell and tube heat exchanger and condensers. 4 Hours Evaporators: Types of evaporators, performance of tubular evaporator – Evaporator capacity, Evaporator economy, Multiple effect evaporator. 5 Hours UNIT 8: Radiation: Properties and definitions, Absorptivity, Reflectivity, Emissive power and intensity of radiation, Black body radiation, Gray body radiation, Stefen – Boltzmann law, Wien’s displacement law, Kirchoffs law, View factors, Radiation between surfaces- different shapes, Radiation involving gases and vapours, Radiation shields. Hours Text Books: 1. 2. Process Heat Transfer, Kern D. Q. , Mc Graw Hill.

, 18th Reprint, 2008. Unit Operations of Chemical Engineering, McCabe, W. L. , et. al, 5th Edn, McGraw Hill, New York 2000. 3. Unit Operations of Chemical Engineering, Coulsion J. M.

and Richardson J. F. , Vol. 1, 5th Edn, Chemical Engineering Pergamon and ELBS, McGraw Hill, New York 2000.

14 Reference Book: 1. Heat Transfer, Rao. , Y.

V. C. , 1st Edn. , University Press (India) Ltd. , New Delhi, 2000. COMPUTATIONAL METHODS Subject Code No.

of Lecture Hours/Week Total No. f Lecture Hours : 10CH45 : 04 : 52 PART – A UNIT 1: Algorithms and C Programs – Simultaneous linear algebraic equation: Jacobi and GuassSeidel, Jordan iterative methods (material balances etc). Non-linear algebraic equation: Newton Raphson Method, Modified Newton Raphson, Method of False Position (Molar Volume of non-ideal gases, Settling velocity, heat loss from pipes, vapor pressure estimation etc). 7 Hours UNIT 2: Interpolation: Newton-Gregory Forward and Backward Interpolation, Lagrange’s Interpolation formula, Newton divided difference interpolation formula. Estimation of thermo-physical properties). 6 Hours UNIT 3: Numerical Integration: Gaussian Quadrature, Trapezoidal Rule and Simpson’s 1/3 rule and 6 Hours 3/8 rule. (Solutions of Rayleigh’s equation, average heat capacity equation, batch/PFR design equation) UNIT 4: Ordinary differential equations: Euler and Modified Euler method, Runge-Kutta method of Fourth order, (rate equations Solution of Boundary Value problems, Finite difference method.

(Temperature calculations at nodes on flat slab and pipes etc). 7 Hours IA Marks Exam Hours Exam Marks : 25 : 03 : 100PART – B UNIT 5: Curve fitting by the method of Least Squares linear. (Heat capacity vs temperature, f vs Nre, Arrhenius equation, settling velocity vs Diameter of particle etc). 6 Hours UNIT 6: P – X,Y and T – X,Y evaluation for binary mixtures: Calculation of Bubble Pressure and Bubble Point. Dew Pressure and Dew point for Ideal Binary and multi-component system. Flash Vaporization for multi-component system. (Algorithm and C Program). 7 Hours UNIT 7: Solution of Design Equations: Adiabatic Batch Reactor, PFR, CSTR.

Adiabatic Flame Temperature (Algorithm and C Program). Hours UNIT 8: Design : Double pipe Heat Exchanger (Area, Length and Pressure drop). Shell & Tube Heat Exchanger (Area, Number of tubes, Pressure drop) (Algorithm and C Program). 7 Hours 15 Text Books: 1. Computer Oriented Numerical Methods, V.

Rajaraman, 2nd Edition, Prentice Hall of India, 1981. 2. Applied Mathematics in Chemical Engineering, Mickley, Sherwood, and Reed, 2nd Edition, Tata McGraw Hill, 1990. Reference Books: 1.

Numerical methods of Engineering and Science, B. S. Grewal, Khanna Publishers 2. Advanced Modern Engineering Mathematics, Glyn James, PearsonEducation,3rd Edition. . Probability and Statistics with Reliability, Queing and Computer Applications, Trivedi K. S. , Prentice Hall of India.

INSTRUMENTAL METHODS OF CHEMICAL ANALYSIS Subject Code No. of Lecture Hours/Week Total No. of Lecture Hours : 10CH46 : 04 : 52 PART – A UNIT 1: General Introduction To Spectroscopy: Types of spectroscopy, representation of a spectrum, nature and interaction of electromagnetic radiation, energies corresponding to various kinds of radiations, atomic and molecular transitions, selection rules, spectral width, factors influencing positions and intensity of spectral lines. Hours Electronic Spectroscopy: Quantitative aspects of absorption measurements – Beer Lambert’s law- definition, derivation and its limitations, terminology associated with electronic spectroscopy-(Molar absorptivity, bathochromic effect, hypsochromic effect) types of absorption bands and theoretical interpretation, effect of solvent and structure on max-. polar and non polar solvents, various electronic transitions, effect of solvent on the energy of n ? * ? * transitions, Woodward – Fieser rules for calculating max of ? * transitions, and Instrumentation- Source, monochromator- entrance and exit slits, mirror, dispersion, detector.Qualitative and Quantitative analysis, structure determination- based on bonding, electron transitions and group frequencies.

4 Hours UNIT 2: Infrared Spectroscopy: Introduction – Regions of infrared region spectrum, Requirement of IR absorption (selection rule) – correct wavelength of radiation and change in electric dipole moment of a molecule. Theory of IR absorption. Types of vibrations – Stretching vibrations – symmetrical stretching and antisymmetrical stretching and Bending vibrations – scissoring, rocking, wagging and twisting vibrations. Fundamental modes of vibrations – Linear and non linear molecules.

Factors affecting the group frequencies – coupled interactions, electronic effects and hydrogen bonding. Instrumentation – IR radiation source, monochromator, and detectors. FTIR Instrument and its advantages, sample handling techniques – solution, nujol mull and KBr pellet..

Characteristic group infrared absorption for organic molecules. Applications of IR to structural elucidation of simple organic molecules. 7 Hours UNIT 3: 16 IA Marks Exam Hours Exam Marks : 25 : 03 : 100 Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy: The nuclear spin, Larmor precession, the NMR isotopes, energy levels for a nucleus with spin quantum number I = ? 3/2 and 5/2, theory of population of nuclear spin levels, spin-spin and spin-lattice relaxation, chemical shift – definition, causes, measurement and advantages of TMS as a reference compound, factors affecting chemical effect, shielding and deshielding mechanisms, correlation of chemical shifts with chemical environment – aliphatic, alkenic, alkynic, aldehydic, ketonic, aromatic, alcoholic, phenolic, carboxylic, amino protons, spin – spin coupling, spin – spin splitting, intensity ratio of multiplet- Pascal’s triangle method, chemical exchange, effect of deuteration, classification of spin systems (AX, AMX, AB, ABC), first order spectra, low and high resolution spectra, determination of peak areas, coupling constants-short and long range couplings, introduction to 13 C spectra of simple molecules. Hours UNIT 4: Mass Spectrometry: Introduction, basic principles, instrumentation, methods of generating positively charged ions – electron impact, chemical ionization, field desorption, and fast atom bombardment techniques, mass analysers – types, resolving power, molecular ion peak, base peak, metastable peak and isotopic peak, modes of fragmentation, factors affecting fragmentation, mass spectral fragmentation of organic compounds – aromatic compounds, alcohols, carbonyl compounds, carboxylic acids, esters, McLafferty rearrangement, determination of molecular weight and molecular formula, nitrogen and ring rule. 5 Hours PART – B UNIT 5: Flame Photometry and Atomic Absorption Spectroscopy: Introduction, principle, flamesionization and dissociation in flames, types f flames used in AAS and flame spectra, variation of emission intensity with flame, metallic spectra in flame, flame ground, role of temperature on absorption emission and fluorescence Comparative study of flame emission spectroscopy (FES) and Atomic absorption spectroscopy (AAS). Instrumentation- line sources, source modulation in AAS. Application – Qualitative and Quantitative determination of alkali and alkaline earth metals.

8 Hours UNIT 6: Polarography: Principles of polarographic measurements, polarograms, Description and working of dropping mercury electrode. Current and concentrations relationship. Supporting electrolyte. Limiting current, half wave potential. Factors affecting half wave potential. Migration current, Residual current and diffusion current.Measurements of wave heights, Evaluation of quantitative results- Wave height-concentration method, internal standard (pilot) method and standard addition method. Modes of operation.

Rapid scan polarography,differential pulse polarography, sinusoidal a. c. polarography. Applications of polarography-Identification and determination of concentration of analyte. 6 Hours UNIT 7: Introduction to Chromatrography: Classification – Theory – distribution coefficient, rate of travel, retention time, adjusted retention time, retention volume, adjusted retention volume, net retention volume, specific retention volume, column capacity, separation number, peak capacity, shapes of chromatic peak, column efficiency, resolution, optimization of column performance, 3 Hours Numerical problems.

17Thin Layer Chromatography: Stationary phase, mobile phase, sample application, development techniques – evaluation and documentation, advantages and disadvantages, sintered layers used in TLC. 3 Hours UNIT 8: Gas Chromatography: Principle, carrier gas, stationery phase, instrumentation, sample injection, column detectors (TCD, FID, ECD, atomic emi+ssion detector), effect of temperature on retention, qualitative and quantitative analysis, pyrolysis GC, GC-MS, complementary and related techniques. 3 Hours High Performance Liquid Chromatography: Principle, instrumentation, column, sample injection, detectors (absorbance, refractive index, electrochemical), mobile phase selection, ion pair chromatography,HPLC-MS chromatography with chiral phases. 3 Hours TEXT BOOKS: 1. Spectrometric Identification of organic compounds, R. M.

Silverstein and W. P. Webster, 6th Edition, Wiley & Sons, 1999. 2. Instrumental Methods of Analysis, H. H. Willard, L. L.

Merritt and J. A. Dean and F. A.

Settle, CBS Publishers, 7th Edition, 1988. REFERENCE BOOKS: 1. Instrumental methods of Chemical Analysis, G. W. Ewing, 5th Edition, McGraw-Hill, New York, 1988. 2. Principles of Instrumental Analysis, Skoog, D. A, S. J. Holler, T. A. Nilman, 5th Edn. , Saunders college publishing, London, 1998. 3. Instrumental Methods of Chemical Analysis, Chatwal Anand, 3rd Edition ,Himalaya Publishing House,1986. 4.Principles of Electroanalytical Methods, T. Riley and C. Tomilinsom, John Wiley and Sons, 2008. 5. Instrumental Methods of Chemical Analysis, K. Sharma, Goel Publishing House Meerut 2000. 6. Vogel’s Text Book of Quantitative Inorganic analysis, Jaffery, Gill, Basset. J et al 5th Edn. , 1998 ELBS. MECHANICAL OPERATIONS LABORATORY Subject Code No. of Practical Hours/Week Total No. of Hours : 10CHL47 : 03 : 39 IA Marks Exam Hours Exam Marks : 25 : 03 : 50 The experiment should be based on the following topics; 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Air elutriation Air permeability Ball mill Batch sedimentation Beaker decantation Cyclone separator 18 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17.Drop weight crusher Froth floatation Grindability index Gyratory crusher ICI sedimentation Jaw crusher Leaf filter Plate and frame filter press Rod mill Screen effectiveness Sieve analysis Note: Minimum of 10 experiments are to be conducted. TECHNICAL CHEMISTRY LABORATORY – II Subject Code No. of Practical Hours/Week Total No. of Hours : 10CHL48 : 03 : 39 IA Marks Exam Hours Exam Marks : 25 : 03 : 50 The experiment should be based on the following topics; 1. Preparation of acetanilide by acetylation of aniline using acetic anhydride. 2. Preparation of p-bromoacetanilide by bromination of acetanilide. 3. Preparation of o-phenylenediamine by the reduction of o-nitroaniline. 4. Preparation of benzoic acid by the oxidation of benzaldehyde. . Preparation of benzene diazonium chloride by diazotisation of aniline and preparation of p-hydroxy azobenzene by coupling with phenol. 6. Estimation of alcohol by acetylation. 7. Estimation of amino group by acetylation. 8. Estimation of phenol by bromination. 9. Estimation of carboxylic acid by iodometric titration. 10. Estimation of esters by hydrolysis. 11. Analysis of oil – determination of acid value and saponification value. 12. Analysis of milk – determination of lactose in the given sample of milk. Note: Minimum of 10 experiments are to be conducted. V SEMESTER MANAGEMENT & ENTREPRENEURSHIP Subject Code : 10AL51 IA Marks : 25 19 No. f Lecture Hours/Week Total No. of Lecture Hours : 04 : 52 PART – A MANAGEMENT Exam Hours Exam Marks : 03 : 100 UNIT 1: Management: Introduction: Meaning – nature and characteristics of Management, Scope and functional areas of management – Management as a science, art or profession – Management & Administration – Roles of Management, Levels of Management, Development of Management Thought – early management approaches – Modern management approaches. 7 Hours UNIT 2: Planning: Nature, importance and purpose of planning process – Objectives – Types of plans (Meaning only) – Decision making – Importance of planning – Steps in planning & planning premises – Hierarchy of plans. Hours UNIT 3: Organising And Staffing: Nature and purpose of organization – Principles of organization – Types of organization – Departmentation – Committees – Centralization Vs Decentralization of authority and responsibility – Span of control – MBO and MBE(Meaning only) Nature and importance of Staffing – Process of Selection & Recruitment (in brief). 7 Hours UNIT 4: Directing & Controlling: Meaning and nature of directing – Leadership styles, Motivation Theories, Communication – Meaning and importance – Coordination, meaning and importance and Techniques of Co – ordination. Meaning and steps in controlling – Essentials of a sound control system – Methods of establishing control (in brief). 6 Hours PART – B ENTREPRENEURSHIP UNIT 5: Entrepreneur: Meaning of Entrepreneur; Evolution of the Concept, Functions of an Entrepreneur, types of Entrepreneur, intrapreneur – an emerging emerging Class. Concept of Entrepreneurship – Evolution of Entrepreneurship, Development of Entrepreneurship. Hours UNIT 6: Small Scale Industry: Definition; Characteristics; Need and rationale: Scope; role of SSI in Economic Development. Advantages of SSI. Steps to Start and SSI – Government policy towards SSI; Different Policies of S. S. I. ; Government Support for S. S. I. during 5 year plans. Impact of Liberalization, Privatization, Globalization on S. S. I. , Effect of WTO/GATT Supporting Agencies of Government for S. S. I. , Meaning; Nature of Support; Objectives; Functions; Types of Help; Ancillary Industry and Tiny Industry (Definition only). 6 Hours UNIT 7: Institutional Support: Different Schemes; TECKSOK; KIADB; KSSICE; KSIMC; DIC Single Window Agency: SISI; NSIC; SIDBI; KSFC. Hours UNIT 8: Preparation Of Project: Meaning of Project; Project Identification; Project Selection; Project Report; Need and Significance of Report; Contents; formulation; Guidelines by Planning Commission Identification of Business Opportunities: 20 Market Feasibility Study; Technical Feasibility Study; Financial Feasibility Study & Social Feasibility Study. 6 Hours Text Books: 1. Principles of Management,P. C. Tripathi, P. N. Reddy; 3rd Edition ,Tata McGraw Hill, 2005. 2. Dynamics of Entrepreneurial Development & Management, Vansant Desai, 4th Edition , Himalaya Publishing House, 2001. 3. Entrepreneurship Development, Small Business Enterprise, Poornima M Charantimath, 1st Edition ,Pearson Education, 2006. 4. Management and Enterprenurship, NVR Naidu and Krishna Rao, I K International, 2008. Reference Books: 1.Management Fundamentals, Concepts, Application, Skill Development, Robert Lusier, 4th Edition, Thomson, USA. 2. Entrepreneurship Development, S S Khanka, S Chand & Co. , 2006. 3. Management, Stephen Robbins, 17th Edition, Pearson Education/PHI, 2003. CHEMICAL PROCESS INDUSTRIES Subject Code No. of Lecture Hours/Week Total No. of Lecture Hours : 10CH52 : 04 : 52 PART – A UNIT 1: Sulfur: Elemental Sulfur mining, Sulfur from ores, Oxides of Sulfur (SO2, SO3). Industrial Gases: CO2, H2, O2, N2 , Water gas and Shift gas. IA Marks Exam Hours Exam Marks : 25 : 03 : 100 7 Hours UNIT 2: Acids: Sulfuric, Nitric, Hydrochloric, phosphoric acid. Chlor-Alkali Industries: Sodium chloride, Soda ash, Caustic soda, Chlorine, Bleaching powder. Hours UNIT 3: Fertilizers: Ammonia, Urea, Ammonium chloride, Ammonium nitrate, Ammonium phosphate, Ammonium sulfate, DAP, Biofertilizers. 7 Hours UNIT 4: Phosphorous Industries: Manufacture of white and Red Phosphorus, Pentoxide, Phosphatic Fertilizers, Super Phosphate and Triple Super Phosphate. 6 Hours PART – B UNIT 5: Fermentation Industries: Production of alcohol, acetic acid and citric, penicillin. 6 Hours UNIT 6: Petroleum Industries: Constituents of crude petroleum refining and processing. Production of Ethylene, Propylene. 7 Hours UNIT 7: 21 Polymers and Rubber: Polymerization, PVC, LDPE, Polyproylene, cross linked polymers, natural rubber, synthetic rubber and rubber compounding. Hours UNIT 8: Miscellaneous Industries: Paints, Pigments, Vanishes, Enamel, Lacquers – White Lead and Zinc oxide, Hydrogen peroxide (H2O2), Silicon carbide (SiC), Glass, Cement, Chlorine and Fluorine based industries. 7 Hours Text Books: 1. Chemical Process Industries, Shreve’s, 4th Edition, McGraw Hill. 2. Dryden – Outlines of Chemical Technology for 21st Century, Gopal Rao & Marshall Sittig, 3rd Edition. , EWP. 3. Unit Processes in Organic Chemical Industries, Desikan and Sivakumar (Eds. ), CEDC, IITM, 1982. Reference Book: 1. Encyclopedia of Chemical Technology, Kirk and Othmer, 27 volume set, 5th Edition, Wiley, 2004. MASS TRANSFER – I Subject Code No. of Lecture Hours/Week Total No. of Lecture Hours : 10CH53 : 04 : 52 PART – A UNIT 1: Introduction: Types of diffusion in fluids.Types of diffusion in solid. Measurement and calculations of diffusivities. 6 Hours UNIT 2: Eddy Diffusion: Mass transfer coefficients and their correlations. Theories of mass Transfer. Interphase mass transfer. Jd factor, Analogies in mass, heat and momentum transfer processes. 6 Hours UNIT 3: Stage-Wise Operations: Material balance for co-current, cross-current and counter-current operations. Concept of stages, cascades operation, NTU and HTU concepts. 6 Hours UNIT 4: Humidification: General theory. Psychrometric dehumidification. Design of cooling towers. IA Marks Exam Hours Exam Marks : 25 : 03 : 100 chart. Concepts in humidification, 8 HoursPART – B UNIT 5: Drying: Introduction, Equilibria, Drying rate curves. Mechanism of drying, types of dryers. Design of batch and continuous dryers. 7 Hours UNIT 6: 22 Crystallization: Factors governing nucleation and crystal growth rates. Controlled growth of crystals. Incorporation of principles into design of equipment. Different types of crystallizer equipment. 6 Hours UNIT 7: Adsorption: Theories of adsorption. Isotherms, Industrial adsorbents. Equipment, Batch & continuous multistage Adsorption. 7 Hours UNIT 8: Introduction to Novel Separations: Ion exchange, Membrane processes – Reverse Osmosis, Dialysis, Ultra and Micro-filtrations, Super-critical fluid extraction. Working principles and operations only) 6 Hours Text Books: 1. Mass Transfer Operations – Robert E Treybal, 3rd Edition, McGraw Hill, 1981. 2. Unit Operations in Chemical Engineering – McCabe & Smith, 6th Edition, McGraw Hill, 2001. Reference Books: 1. Chemical Engineering Vol I, II, IV and V – Coulson and Richardson, 4th Edition, Pergamon Press, 1998. 2. Introduction to Chemical Engineering – Badger & Banchero, TMH 6th Reprint 1998. 3. Principles of Unit Operation – Foust et. el. , 2nd Edition, John Wiley, 1994. 4. Transport Processes and Unit Operation – Geankoplis C J, Prentice Hall (I), 2000. 5. Applied process design for Chemical and petrochemical plant Ludwig, 2nd Edition, Gulf Publishing, 2002.CHEMICAL REACTION ENGINEERING – I Subject Code No. of Lecture Hours/Week Total No. of Lecture Hours : 10CH54 : 04 : 52 PART – A UNIT 1: Introduction: Scope of Chemical Reaction Engineering. Classification of reactions. Rate equation and rate of reaction. Factors affecting rate of reaction. Chemical kinetics and Thermodynamics Equilibrium. Temperature dependency of rate constant from Arrhenius, Collision and Transition state theories. Molecularity and order of reaction. 6 Hours UNIT 2: Non-Elementary Reactions: Difference between elementary and non-elementary reactions. Kinetic models and mechanisms for non-elementary reactions. Types of reactors. Hours UNIT 3: Homogeneous Reactions: Interpretation of batch reactor data. Constant & Variable Volume batch reactor. Analysis : Differential method, Integral method, half-life method. Method of excess and method of isolation (For Reversible and Irreversible reactions up to second order). Autocatalytic reactions. 7 Hours UNIT 4: 23 IA Marks Exam Hours Exam Marks : 25 : 03 : 100 Design Of Ideal Reactors: Concept of ideality. Development of design equations for batch, tubular and stirred tank reactors for both constant and variable volume reactions. Evaluation of rate equations from data obtained in these reactors. 7 Hours PART – B UNIT 5: Comparison Of Ideal Reactors: General graphical comparison.Multiple Reactor Systems: Plug flow and/or Mixed flow reactors in Series, parallel and series parallel. Reactors of different types and sizes in series. 6 Hours UNIT 6: Design Of Reactors For Multiple Reactions: Design of Batch reactor, Plug and Mixed flow reactors for Parallel, Series and Series-Parallel reactions (Only irreversible reactions must be considered). 7 Hours UNIT 7: Non-Isothermal Reactors: Introduction, effect of temperature on equilibrium constant and heat of reaction, Material and Energy balances, conversions in adiabatic and non-adiabatic reactors. 7 Hours UNIT 8: Analysis Of Non Isothermal Reactor: Design procedure (For single/ simple reactions only). Optimum temperature Progression. 6 Hours TEXT BOOKS: 1.Chemical Reaction Engineering, Octave Levenspeil, 3rd edition, John Wiley & Sons, 2001. 2. Elements of Chemical Reaction Engineering, H. Scott Fogler, 3rd edition, Prentice Hall 2001. REFERENCE BOOK: 1. Chemical Engineering Kinetics, J. M. Smith, 3rd Edition, McGraw Hill, 1984. POLLUTION PREVENTION AND CONTROL EINGINEERING Subject Code No. of Lecture Hours/Week Total No. of Lecture Hours : 10CH55 : 04 : 52 IA Marks Exam Hours Exam Marks : 25 : 03 : 100 PART – A UNIT 1: Introduction: Importance of environment for mankind. Biosphere and layers of atmosphere. Hydrological cycle and nutrient cycles. Types of pollution. Damages from environmental pollution.Need of environmental legislations and environmental Acts in India. Functions of central and state pollution control boards. 6 Hours UNIT 2: Sources, Sampling and Analysis Of Wastewater: Water resources. Origin of wastewater. Evaluation, classification and characterization of wastewater. Physical and chemical 24 characteristics. BOD, COD and their importance. Types of water pollutants and their effects. Sampling, and methods of analysis. 7 Hours UNIT 3: Wastewater Treatment: Preliminary, primary, secondary and tertiary treatments of wastewater. Sludge treatment and disposal. Advanced wastewater treatment. Recovery of materials from process effluents. Hours UNIT 4: Applications To Industries: Norms and standards of treated water. Origin, characteristics, and treatment methods in typical industries – petroleum refinery, pulp and paper, fertilizer, distillery, tannery, and textile processing. 6 Hours PART – B UNIT 5: Air Pollution Aspects: Nature of air pollution. Classification of air pollutants. Sources of air pollutants. Air quality criteria and standards. Plume behaviour and dispersion of air pollutants. Effects of air pollution on health, vegetation, and materials. 7 Hours UNIT 6: Air Pollution Control: Sampling of pollutants. Methods of estimation of air pollutants. Automobile pollution. Control methods for particulates and gaseous pollutants.Origin, control methods, and equipment used in typical industries – Thermal power plants, metallurgical industries, and cement industries. 7 Hours UNIT 7: Solid Waste Treatment: Origin, Classification and microbiology. Properties and their variation. Engineered systems for solid waste management – generation, onsite handling, storage, collection, transfer and transport, composting, sanitary land filling. 6 Hours UNIT 8: Noise Control: Sources and definitions. Determination of noise levels. Noise control criteria and noise exposure index. Administrative and engineering controls. Acoustic absorptive materials. 6 Hours Text Books: 1. Environmental Pollution Control Engg, C. S.Rao, 2nd Edition, New Age International Reprint, 2002. 2. Pollution Control in Process Industries, S. P. Mahajan, Tata Mc Graw Hill, 22nd Reprint, 1999. Reference Books: 1. Principles and Practices of Air Pollution Control and Analysis, J. R. Mudakavi, I. K. International Publishing Home Pvt. Ltd. , New Delhi, 2010. 2. Air Pollution, H. C. Perkins, McGraw Hill, 1974. 3. Solid Waste Management, D. J. Hagery et. al. , Van Nostrand Reinhold, 1973. 4. Industrial Pollution Control Handbook, Lund, H. F. , 6th Edition, Vol. 1, McGraw Hill, 1971. 5. Noise Abatement, Duerden, Buttreworth, 1970. 6. Introduction to Environmental Engg, Davis. , 3rd Edition, McGraw Hill, 1998. 25 7.Waste Water Engineering Treatment Disposal Reuse, Metcalf and Eddy, 4th Edition, Tata McGraw Hill, 2003. 8. Environmental Engineering, G. N. Pandey and G. C. Carney, Tata McGraw Hill, 11th Reprint, 2002. 9. Integrated Solid Waste Management, George Tchobanoglous et al, 2nd Edition, McGraw Hill & Co, 1993. CHEMICAL EQUIPMENT DESIGN Subject Code No. of Lecture Hours/Week Total No. of Lecture Hours : 10CH56 : 04 : 52 PART – A UNIT 1: Introduction: Basic considerations in design. General design procedure. Equipment classification. Various components of process equipment. Design parameters. Pressure vessel codes. 6 Hours UNIT 2: Design Considerations: Material selection. Factors affecting design. Stresses due to static and dynamic oads (Internal & External). Temperature effects. Economic considerations. 6 Hours UNIT 3: Design of Pressure Vessels: Design parameters, conditions & stresses. Design of shell, and other vessel components. Vessel at low & high operating temperatures. Design problems using given process parameters. 7 Hours UNIT 4: Vessel Component Design: Design of supports for vessels – Bracket, Lug, Leg, Saddle and Skirt supports. Design of flanges & nozzles – Classification of flanges. Flange thickness calculation, Gasket selection and design, Bolt selection and calculation. Nozzle design. Design of vessel closures – Flat plates, Formed heads, Elliptical & Hemispherical heads. Hours IA Marks Exam Hours Exam Marks : 25 : 03 : 100 PART – B UNIT 5: Storage Vessels: Process conditions and design parameters for storage of volatile, non-volatile fluids & gases. Design of cylindrical tanks with fixed roofs. Design of partially filled spherical tanks. Design of components, supports and selection of vessels accessories & mountings. Numerical problems. 7 Hours UNIT 6: Reaction Vessels: Design of reaction tanks with agitation and jacket. Types of agitators, baffles. Power requirement calculations. Design of tank dimensions and agitation system components. Drive calculations & selection of accessories. Design of jackets. Support calculations for the system. Numerical problems. Hours UNIT 7: Tall Vertical Vessels: Vessels subjected to various loads, Multi shell constructions. 6 Hours Determination of shell thickness. Supports for columns. 26 UNIT 8: Pipe Line Design: Pipe line sizing, Condensate and steam pipe design, Optimum size of delivery line in pumping operations. Concepts of P & I Diagrams, P & I Diagram for simple processes. 6 Hours Text Books: 1. Process Equipment Design – M. V. Joshi, 3rd Edn. , Macmillan & Co. India, Delhi, 1998. 2. Process Equipment Design – Vessel Design, Brownell & Young, John Willey, 1959. 3. Process Design of Equipment – Vol 1, S. D. Dawande, 3rd. Edn, Central Techno Publications. 2003. Reference Books: 1.Chemical Engineers Handbook, Perry & Green, 7th Edn, McGraw Hill, 1997. 2. Pressure Vessel Code – IS 2825, IS Code, B. I. S. , New Delhi, 1969. 3. Flow of Fluids through Valves, Fittings & Pipes, Crane Amazon, 2006. POLLUTION CONTROL AND INSTRUMENTATION ANALYSIS LABORATORY Subject Code No. of Practical Hours/Week Total No. of Hours : 10CHL57 : 03 : 39 IA Marks Exam Hours Exam Marks : 25 : 04 : 50 The experiment should be based on the following topics; 1. Analysis of effluents for pH, alkalinity and turbidity 2. Determination of COD and BOD 3. Volatile, Fixed, Filterable and Dissolved solid analysis 4. Analysis by ion selective electrode (any two anions) 5. Measurement of particulate matter in Air 6.Measurement of SO2 in air 7. Analysis of exhaust be Orsat apparatus 8. Analysis of flue gases by Gas chromatograph 9. UV Spectrophotometer 10. KF Auto titrator 11. Flame photometer 12. Turbidometer 13. Dissolved Oxygen measurement 14. Bomb calorimeter 15. Viscometer 16. Polarograph 17. Potentiometer titration Note: Minimum of 10 experiments are to be conducted. HEAT TRANSFER LABORATORY Subject Code No. of Practical Hours/Week : 10CHL58 : 03 IA Marks Exam Hours : 25 : 04 27 Total No. of Hours : 39 Exam Marks : 50 The experiment should be based on the following topics; 1. Natural Convection in Bare and Finned tube 2. Vertical Shell and tube Heat exchanger (Condenser) 3.Horizontal Shell and tube Heat exchanger (Condenser) 4. Helical Coil Heat exchanger 5. Emissivity Determination 6. Effect of Geometry on Natural convection 7. Heat Transfer in Packed Beds 8. Double Pipe Heat Exchanger 9. Heat Transfer in Jacketed Vessel 10. Determination of Insulation Thickness 11. Transient Heat Conduction 12. Heat Transfer in Fluidized Beds 13. Evaporator 14. Solar Heater 15. Spiral Plate Heat Exchanger 16. Cross Flow Heat Exchanger Note: Minimum of 10 experiments are to be conducted. VI SEMESTER CHEMICAL PLANT UTILITIES AND SAFETY Subject Code No. of Lecture Hours/Week Total No. of Lecture Hours : 10CH61 : 04 : 52 PART – A UNIT 1: Introduction: Different utilities.Role of utilities in process plant operations and criteria for selection and estimation of suitable utilities. Water: Water resources. Process water, Cooling water, drinking water and boiler feed water Quality Standards. Water treatment processes for drinking, process and boiler feed. Storage and handling of water. Types and selection of pumps, piping and accessories. Water pre treatment, 7 Hours UNIT 2: Air: Compressed air, blower air, fan air. Types of compressor and vacuum pumps and selection. Power requirements, performance and related calculations. Booster and receivers. Quality of compressed air for instruments and processes. Compressed air distribution system- piping and accessories.Air-water vapour system: humidification/ dehumidification and evaporative cooling-related calculations. 6 Hours UNIT 3: Steam And Power: Steam generation in chemical plants. Types of boilers and waste heat boilers. Fuels-types, emissions and global warming, green fuels. Calorific value. Proximate and ultimate analysis. HHV, LHV and related calculations. Cogeneration power plants. CHPs and 28 IA Marks Exam Hours Exam Marks : 25 : 03 : 100 Boiler performance. Related Calculations. Economy of steam generation with different fuels, related calculation. Steam storage and handling-piping and accessories. 7 Hours UNIT 4: Refrigeration: Different refrigeration systems and their characteristics. Air-conditioning systems. Coefficient of performance.Power requirements and refrigeration effect- related calculations for each type of refrigeration system. Refrigerant properties and selection. Some commonly used refrigerants and secondary refrigerants. 6 Hours PART – B UNIT 5: Insulation: Insulation Materials & Selection- Economics of insulation. Insulating factors. Properties & Classification. Cold insulation and cryogenic insulation. 6 Hours UNIT 6: Introduction To Process Safety: Intrinsic & Extrinsic Safety. The Hazards- Toxicity, Flammability, Fire , Explosions. Sources of ignition, Pressure. Hazard and risk assessment methods. MSDS. 6 Hours UNIT 7: Safety Devices: Pressure relief valves. Ruptures discs. Blow down systems. Flare systems.Flame arrestors. Deflagration arrestors and explosion suppression. Personal safety devices. 7 Hours UNIT 8: Process Safety Analysis: HAZAN and HAZOP comparison.. Risk analysis and estimation. Safety check list. Computer based quantitative risk analysis. 7 Hours Text Books: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. Thermal Engineering, B. K. Sarkar, Tata Mc Graw Hill, 8th Reprint, 1998. Heat Engines, K. P. Roy, Media Promoters and Publishers, 1995. Power Plant Engineering, P. K. Nag, 2nd Edition ,Tata Mc Graw Hill, 1998. Water and Waste water engineering- Vol 2, Gordon M Fair, John C. Geyer and Daniel A Okun, Jhon Hutey,1996. Water and waste water Technology, Mark J.Hammer Jr. ,4th Edition, Prentice Hall, 1997. Chemical Engineers Handbook, Perry, 8th Edition, 2007. Chemical Engineering- Vol 6, R. K. Sinnot, Coulson and Richardson’s, 3rd Edition, BH, Reprint, 2000. Loss prevention in chemical process industries, Vol. 1,2,3, Frank P Lees, ButterworthHeiremann,1980. MASS TRANSFER – II Subject Code No. of Lecture Hours/Week Total No. of Lecture Hours : 10CH62 : 04 : 52 PART – A UNIT 1: IA Marks Exam Hours Exam Marks : 25 : 03 : 100 29 Gas Liquid Contacting Systems: Types, construction and working of plate and packed columns, types and properties of industrial packings, plate efficiencies, HETP and HTU concepts. Hours UNIT 2: Absorption: Absorption. Solvent selection for absorption. Material balance and concept of driving force and minimum solvent rates. Multistage absorption columns. Design of Plate columns. Absorption and desorption factors. 7 Hours UNIT 3: Packed Tower Absorption: Liquid phase hold up and pressure drop in absorption towers. Design of packed towers (process design-height and diameter). Multi-component absorption. Absorption with chemical reaction. 6 Hours UNIT 4: Distillation: Introduction. Vapour liquid equilibria (T-x,y, P-x,y. H-x,y and x-y diagrams for binary mixtures). Relative volatility. Prediction of VLE from vapour pressure data using Raoult’s law.VLE for multi-component systems. Non-ideal systems. Azeotropes. Immiscible systems. Steam distillation, Flash and simple distillation. 6 Hours PART – B UNIT 5: Distillation (Contd. ):. Multi-stage rectification column. Design using McCabe Thiele and Lewis-Sorel methods for binary mixtures. 6 Hours UNIT 6: Distillation (Contd. ): Ponchon-Savarit method. Introduction to Multicomponent distillation. , Vacuum, molecular, extractive and azeotropic distillations. 7 Hours UNIT 7: Liquid-Liquid Extraction: Ternary equilibrium. Solvent selection. Single stage. Multi-stage cross-current, counter-current extraction. Equipment for liquid-liquid extraction. Hours UNIT 8: Leaching Operation: Equipment for leaching. Preparation of solids for leaching. Equilibrium diagrams. Calculation of single stage and multi-stage leaching operation. 6 Hours Text Books: 1. Mass Transfer Operations, Robert E Treybal, 3rd Edition, McGraw Hill 1981. 2. Unit Operations in Chemical Engineering, McCabe & Smith, 6th Edition, McGraw Hall, 2001. Reference Books: 1. Chemical Engineering Vol I, II, IV and V, Coulson and Richardson, 4th Edition, Pergmon Press, 1998. 2. Introduction to Chemical Engineering, Badger & Banchero, TMH 6th Reprint, 1998. 3. Principals of Unit Operation, Foust et. el. , 2nd Edition, John Wiley, 1994. 4.Transport Processes and Unit Operation, Geankoplis ,C J, Prentice Hall (I), 2000. CHEMICAL REACTION ENGINEERING – II 30 Subject Code No. of Lecture Hours/Week Total No. of Lecture Hours : 10CH63 : 04 : 52 PART – A IA Marks Exam Hours Exam Marks : 25 : 03 : 100 UNIT 1: Basics of Non Ideal Flow: Importance & interpretation of RTD, C, E & F curves & Statistical interpretation. Dispersion model. Tanks in series model. Conversion in non- ideal flow reactors for simple systems. 7 Hours UNIT 2: Introduction to Heterogeneous Systems: Rate equations, contacting patterns, fluid-particle noncatalytic reactions, URC model, Spherical particles of unchanging size, shrinking spherical particles, etermination of rate controlling steps. 7 Hours UNIT 3: Fluid-Fluid Non Catalytic Reactions: Kinetic regimes for mass transfer and reaction; rate equations. 6 Hours UNIT 4: Catalysis: Introduction to catalysis. Properties of catalysts. Estimation methods for catalytic properties. Promoters, inhibitors etc, Mechanism of catalysis. Rate equations for different rate controlling steps 6 Hours PART – B UNIT 5: Deactivation: Deactivating catalyst. Mechanism, rate & performance equation. 6 Hours UNIT 6: Solid Catalyzed Reactions: Heterogeneous reactions-Introduction. , Kinetic regimes. Rate equation for surface kinetics. Pore diffusion resistance combined with surface kinetics.Thiele modulus and enhancement factor, Porous catalyst particles. Heat effects during reaction. 7 Hours UNIT 7: Solid Catalyzed Reactions (Contd. ): Performance equations for reactors containing porous catalyst particles. Experimental methods for finding rates. Packed bed catalytic reactor & reactors with suspended solid catalyst. Fluidized reactors of various type. 7 Hours UNIT 8: Gas-Liquid Reactors: Trickle bed, slurry reactors. Three phase fluidized bed. 6 Hours Text Books: 1. Chemical Reaction Engineering, Octave Levenspiel, 3rd Edition, John Wiley & Sons, 2001. 2. Chemical Engineering Kinetics, J. M. Smith, 3rd Edition, McGraw Hill. 3. Elements of Chemical Reaction Engineering, H.Scott Foggler, 3rd Edition, Prentice Hall, 2001. 31 Reference Book: 1. Chemical & Catalytic Reaction Engineering, James J. Carberry, McGraw Hill, 1976. ENERGY TECHNOLOGY Subject Code No. of Lecture Hours/Week Total No. of Lecture Hours : 10CH64 : 04 : 52 PART – A UNIT 1: Introduction To Energy Sources: Conventional energy sources; non-conventional energy sources; advantages; limitations. 4 Hours UNIT 2: Solar Energy: Solar radiation and its measurement – solar constant, solar radiation at earths surface, solar radiation geometry, solar radiation measurement. Introduction to solar energy. Applications – solar water heating, space heating, space cooling, solar thermal electric conversion.Agriculture and industrial process heating, solar distillation, solar pumping, solar cooking. 8 Hours UNIT 3: Energy from Biomass (Bio-Energy): Introduction. Biomass conversion Technologies. Wet processes. Dry processes. Biogas generation. Factors affecting biodigestion or generation of gas. Classification of biogas plants. Advantages and disadvantages of floating drum plant. Advantages and disadvantages of fixed dome type plant. Types of biogas plants (KVIC model & Janata model). Selection of site for biogas plant. 8 Hours UNIT 4: Bio-Energy (Thermal Conversion): Methods of obtaining energy from biomass. Biodiesel, Thermal gasification of biomass.Classification of biomass gasifiers. Chemistry of gasification process. Applications of the gasifiers. 6 Hours PART – B UNIT 5: Wind Energy: Introduction. Basic components of WECS (wind energy conversion system). Classification of WECS. Types of wind machines- horizontal axis machines, vertical axis machines. Applications of wind energy. 8 Hours UNIT 6: Energy Form The Oceans: Introduction. Ocean thermal electric conversion (OTEC). Methods of ocean thermal electric power generation. Open cycle OTEC system. Closed or Anderson OTEC cycle, hybrid cycle. Application of energy from oceans. 6 Hours UNIT 7: Energy From Tides: Basic principles of tidal power.Components of tidal power plants. Operation methods of utilization of tidal energy. Advantages and limitations of tidal power 6 Hours generation. Applications of tidal energy. UNIT 8: 32 IA Marks Exam Hours Exam Marks : 25 : 03 : 100 Fuels: Introduction. Classification of fuels. Calorific value. Characteristics of good fuels. Comparison between solid, liquid and gaseous fuels. 6 Hours Text Books: 1. Non-Conventional Energy Sources, G. D. Rai, 4th Edition, Khanna Publications, Second Reprint, 1997. 2. Engineering Chemistry, P. C. Jain & M. Jain, 10th Edition, Dhanpat Rai & Sons, 3rd Reprint, 1995. Reference Books: 1. Solar Energy, Second Edition, S. P.Sukhatme, 3rd Reprint, Tata McGraw Hill, New Delhi, 1998. 2. Solar Energy Utilization, G. D. Rai, 4th Edition, Khanna Publications,2006. PROCESS EQUIPMENT DESIGN & DRAWING Subject Code No. of Lecture Hours/Week Total No. of Lecture Hours : 10CH65 : 02 + 02 : 26 + 26 IA Marks Exam Hours Exam Marks : 25 : 04 : 100 Detailed chemical engineering process design of the following equipment. Necessary aspects studied in “10CH56 Chemical Equipment Design” are to be applied for mechanical design. Standard code books are to be used. The detailed proportionate drawings shall include sectional front view, full top/side view depending on equipment and major components. 1.Double pipe Heat exchanger 2. Shell and Tube Heat exchanger 3. Condensers – Horizontal and vertical 4. Evaporator – Single effect 5. Bubble Cap Distillation Column 6. Packed Bed Absorption Column 7. Rotary Dryer. Note: 1. Class work: Students are to be trained in the computer lab using the software for making the drawings after the design. They shall also be trained to draw free hand proportionate sketches. 2. Final Examination: Students have to answer any one of the two questions given in the examination. After completing the design, free hand proportionate sketches are to be drawn as required. Software: Solid Edge or Equivalent Software Reference Books: 1.Chemical Engineers Handbook, R. H. Perry & D. W. Green, 7th Edition, McGraw Hill, 1998. 2. Process Heat Transfer, Donald Q. Kern, McGraw Hill, 1997. 3. Mass Transfer Operations, Robert E, Treybal, McGraw Hill, 1981. 4. Chemical Engineering- Vol 6, J. M. Coulson & J. F. Richardson, Pergemon Press, 1993 5. Shell & Tube Heat Exchanger- IS Code, IS 4503, BIS, New Delhi, 1969. 6. Process Equipment Design, Brownell & Young, Vessel Design, John Wiley, 1951. 7. Process Equipment Design, M. V. Joshi, McMillan & Co. , India, Delhi, 3rd Edition, Reprint, 1998. 33 8. Process Design of Equipment, S. D. Dawande, Vol II, 3rd Edition, Central Techno Publications, 2003.ELECTIVE – I (Group A) PETROLEUM REFINERY ENGINEERING Subject Code No. of Lecture Hours/Week Total No. of Lecture Hours : 10CH661 : 04 : 52 PART – A UNIT 1: Indian Petroleum Industry: Prospects & Future. Major companies. World production, Markets, Offshore and onshore, Oil well technology. 6 Hours UNIT 2: Composition Of Crude: Classification. Evaluation of petroleum. UOP-k factor. TBP analysis. EFV analysis. Average boiling point. ASTM curves. Thermal properties of petroleum fractions. 6 Hours UNIT 3: Product Properties And Test Methods: Gas. Various types of gas and LPG. Reid vapor pressure analysis. Gasoline and naptha. Octane No. Oxidation stability. Additives for gasoline. Kerosene.Characterization for flash point or fire point, volatility, burning qualities etc, Diesel, octane testing, viscosity etc. Grades of diesels e. g. HSD, LDO. Diesel additives. Lube oils : Types, tests-carbon residue and viscosity index. 7 Hours UNIT 4: Crude Pretreatment: Pumping of crude oils. Dehydration of crude by chemical, gravity, centrifugal, electrical de-salter and comparision of each. Heating of crude- heater, different types of pipe still heaters including box type, cylindrical etc. Crude distillation, arrangement of towers for various types of reflux. Design aspects for atmospheric and vacuum column. Atmospheric distillation distillation unit: internals and operational. 7 Hours IA Marks Exam Hours Exam Marks : 25 : 03 : 100PART – B UNIT 5: Treatment Techniques: Types of impurities present and various desulfurisation processes. Production and treatment of LPG. LNG technology. Sweetening operations for gases including merox, ethanolamine, copper chloride, stertford etc. Catalytic de sulphonisation. Treatment of kerosene, De-aromatisation and merox. Treatment of diesel, naptha: desulpurisation by hydrogen and catalysts. Treatment of lubes: sulphuric acid, clay treatment, solvent treatmentphenol, furfural. 6 Hours UNIT 6: Thermal Processes: Thermal cracking reactions- theory of thermal cracking. Properties of cracked materials and factors influencing the properties of cracked materials.Visbreaking, 6 Hours dubbs two coil cracking process. UNIT 7: Catalytic Cracking: Comparision of thermal and catalytic cracking. Carbonium ion chemistry. Feedback requirements. Cracking conditions. Commercial cracking analysis. Various catalytic 34 cracking processes. Fixed bed crackers. Moving bed crackers. Fluid catalytic cracking-flexi cracking-ortho-flow reactor. Theory of coking: various types of coking processes. Delayed coking, fluid coking, contact coking, flexi coking. Naptha cracking, naptha cracking for ethylene as feed selection and gas yield. Hydro cracking. Theory of hydro cracking. Catalysts for hydro cracking. 7 Hours UNIT 8: Catalystic Reforming: Theory of reforming.Factors influencing reforming, reforming catalysts, feedstock requirements. Plat-forming, isoplus hondriforming, refining forming, power forming and flexi forming etc. 7 Hours Text Books: 1. Petroleum Refinery Engineering, Nelson, 4th Edition, McGraw Hill, 14th Reprint, 1982. 2. Modern Petroleum Refining Processes, Bhaskara Rao, 3rd Edition, Oxford & IBH Publication, Reprint, 1999. Reference Books: 1. Petroleum Refining Technology, Ram Prasad, I Edition, Khanna Publishers, 2000. 2. Challenges in Crude Oil Evaluation, Nagnal J. M. , Gate, McGraw Hill, 1996. 3. Petroleum Processing, Bland W. F. and Davidson R. L. McGraw Hill, 1967. OPERATIONS RESEARCH Subject Code No. of Lecture Hours/Week Total No. f Lecture Hours : 10CH662 : 04 : 52 PART – A UNIT 1: Introduction: Definition. Scope of Operations Research (OR). Approach and limitations of O. R. Models. Characteristics and phases of O. R. Linear Programming Problems: Mathematical formulation of L. P. Problems. Graphical solution method. 7 Hours UNIT 2: The Simplex Method: 1 & 2 – slack, surplus and artificial variables. Dual simplex method. Degeneracy and procedure for resolving degenerate cases. 7 Hours UNIT 3: Assignment Problems: Balanced and Unbalanced assignment problems. Maximization assignment problems. Travelling salesman problems. 6 Hours UNIT 4: Transportation Problem: Basic feasible solutions by different methods. Finding optimal solution.MODI method. Degeneracy. Unbalanced transportation problems. Maximization Problems. 6 Hours IA Marks Exam Hours Exam Marks : 25 : 03 : 100 PART – B UNIT 5: 35 Sequencing: Johnson’s algorithm. n jobs – 2 machines, n jobs -3 machines, and n jobs-n machines without passing sequence. 2 jobs-n machines. Graphical solutions. 6 Hours UNIT 6: Deterministic Models: Inventory, EOQ Models. With and without shortages. Ordering cost. Carrying cost. 6 Hours UNIT 7: PERT-CPM Techniques: Network construction. Determining critical path. Variance and probability of completing the project. Calculation of different floats. Project duration. Crashing of simple networks. Hours UNIT 8: Waiting Lines: Queuing systems and their characteristics. Poisson queues. M/M/1 queuing system. 6 Hours Text Books: 1. Introduction to Pert and Cpm, L. S. Srinath, 3rd Edition, East West, 1998. 2. Operation Research, Kantiswaroop, P. K. Gupta and Manmohan, 9th Edition, S Chand & Co. 1999. 3. Scientific Inventory Management, Joseph Buchan and Earnest Koenigberg, 1989. 4. Operation Research, S. D. Sharma, 8th Edition, Kedarnath & Co, 2003. PHARMACEUTICAL TECHNOLOGY Subject Code No. of Lecture Hours/Week Total No. of Lecture Hours : 10CH663 : 04 : 52 PART – A UNIT 1: Electrophilic Substitution Reaction: Preparation of cyclo alkane. Bayer’s strain theory and orbital picture of angle stream. Hours UNIT 2: Electrophilic Substitution Reaction Mechanism & Application: Dehydrogenation of alkyl halides. 1-2 elimination kinetics: E2 and E1 mechanisms. Isotope effect. Dehydration of alcohols. Ease of dehydration. 6 Hours UNIT 3: Nucleophilic Addition Reaction: Mechanism. Important chemicals. Oxidation-Reduction reactions. 6 Hours UNIT 4: Rheology of Fluids in Mixing and Blending. IA Marks Exam Hours Exam Marks : 25 : 03 : 100 8 Hours PART – B UNIT 5: 36 Preparation: Test for purity and medical uses of Chlorobutal, Dimercopral, Glycerol trinitrate. 7 Hours UNIT 6: Preparation: Test for purity and medical uses of Urea, ethylene diamine dihydrate, vanillin, paraldehyde. Hours UNIT 7: Preparation: Test for purity and medical uses of lactic acid, citric acid, salicylic acid, saccharin sodium. 6 Hours UNIT 8: Preparation: Test for purity and medical uses of Ethyl borate, dimethyl phthalate, aspirin. 6 Hours Text Books: 1. Organic Chemistry, T. R. Morisson and R. Boyd, 6th Edition, Prentice Hall of India Pvt. Ltd. , New Delhi, 1992. 2. Organic Chemistry Fundamentals, I. L. Finar, 2nd Edition, ELBS, Pergemon Press, 1965. POLYMER TECHNOLOGY Subject Code No. of Lecture Hours/Week Total No. of Lecture Hours : 10CH664 : 04 : 52 IA Marks Exam Hours Exam Marks : 25 : 03 : 100 PART – A UNIT 1: Principles of Processing Of Polymers: Melt processing of thermoplastics. Classification of processes.Thermoset plastics processing, crystallization, orientation & shrinkage, co polymers blendings, compounding for engineering application, stress – strain behavior, WLF equation, practical assessment for long term behavior. 6 Hours UNIT 2: Polymer Extrusion: Requirements of Polymer for extrusion. Single screw and double screw plasticating extruder zones in extrusion, breaker plates, extruder screw, power calculation. PVC extruder. Die and calibration equipment prime mover for extrusion, co extrusion, extrusion coating, extrusion film blowing reactive extrusion. Extrusion blow moulding for PET bottles, wire drawing-PVC, spinning – various types and applications. Application of various extruded products.Rheological aspects of extrusion and extrusion defects. Operational and maintenance of extrusion equipments, pultrusion. 7 Hours UNIT 3: Injection Moulding: Polymer characteristics for injection moulding. Reciprocating screw injection moulding. Single impression mould. Multi impression moulds. Cooling requirements in moulds. Hot runner moulds, gate, mould clamping force calculations. Control of pressure, temperature and time of injection thermostat and fiber reinforced polymer injection moulding, sandwich moulding and injection blow moulding. Rheological aspects and defects of injection. Comparision of injection moulding and extrusion of injection.Operational and maintenance of injection moulding equipments. Reaction injection moulding. Applications. 8 Hours UNIT 4: 37 Compression Moulding: Applications. Principles. Comparison with other processing methods. Derivation of compression mould thickness or compaction force. Transfer moulding. 5 Hours PART – B UNIT 5: Calendering: Characteristics of polymer for calendering. Principles and operation of calendaring. Derivation of film thickness and pressure required for rollers. Guage control during calendaring. Application of PVC calendered products. 6 Hours UNIT 6: Thermoforming: Basic principles. Vacuum forming. Pressure forming. Description of operations. Product design. Application.Derivation of thermoformed product thickness. 7 Hours UNIT 7: Rotational Moulding: Principles. Operation & applications. Thickeness. Cooling calculations. 6 Hours UNIT 8: Testing Of Plastics: Thermal, electrical, optical, mechanical properties testing. 7 Hours Text Books: 1. Principles of Polymer Processing, Morton Johnes chapman, Hall 1989. 2. Plastic Engineering, R. J. Crawford, 3rd Edition Research Studies,1996. Reference Books: 1. Principles of Polymer Engineering, N. G. McCrum,Vol. 1, C. P. Buckley Oxford University Press, 1988. 2. Polymer Materials –Vols. 1,2 & 3, Manas Chanda , Springer, Univ Press,1997. CHEMICAL REACTION ENGINEERING LABORATORY Subject Code No. f Practical Hours/Week Total No. of Hours : 10CHL67 : 03 : 39 IA Marks Exam Hours Exam Marks : 25 : 04 : 50 The experiment should be based on the following topics; 1. Batch Reactor 2. Isothermal plug flow reactor 3. Mixed flow reactor 4. Semi batch reactor 5. Heterogeneous catalytic Reactor 6. Segregated flow reactor 7. Adiabatic Reactor 8. Packed bed Reactor 9. RTD Studies in Tubular Reactor 10. Effect of temperature on Rate of reaction 11. Bio Chemical Reaction (Batch) 12. Enzyme catalyzed reactions in batch reactor 13. RTD Studies in mixed flow reactor 14. Sono-chemical reactor. 38 15. Photochemical reactor Note: Minimum of 10 experiments are to be conducted.MASS TRANSFER LABORATORY Subject Code No. of Practical Hours/Week Total No. of Hours : 10CHL68 : 03 : 39 IA Marks Exam Hours Exam Marks : 25 : 04 : 50 The experiment should be based on the following topics; 1. Diffusion of organic vapours in air 2. Simple Distillation 3. Packed column/ plate column distillation 4. Steam distillation 5. Solid – liquid leaching 6. Surface evaporation 7. Tray dryer 8. Adsorption studies 9. Liquid-liquid/Vapour –liquid equilibrium 10. Liquid extraction – (cross current: 1 and 2 or 3 stage) 11. Hold up studies in packed columns 12. Rotary/ vacuum dryers 13. Wetted wall column 14. Cooling tower 15. Solid dissolution 16.Gel-electrophoresis Note: Minimum of 10 experiments are to be conducted. Note: In-Plant Training/Industrial Visit (10CH87) is to be taken up during the vacation of this semester or next semester. VII SEMESTER CHEMICAL PROCESS INTEGRATION Subject Code No. of Lecture Hours/Week Total No. of Lecture Hours : 10CH71 : 04 : 52 IA Marks Exam Hours Exam Marks : 25 : 03 : 100 PART – A UNIT 1: Introduction to Process Integration: Graphical Techniques. Overall mass targeting. 6 Hours UNIT 2: Synthesis of Mass Exchange Network: . Graphical approach. Direct recycle strategies. 7Hours UNIT 3: 39 Visualisation Strategies: for development of mass integrated system.Algebraic approach to targeting direct recycles. 6 Hours UNIT 4: Algebraic Approach: to targeting mass exchange. Network. Recycle strategies using property integration. 7 Hours PART – B UNIT 5: Heat Integration: Combined heat and power integration. 6 Hours UNIT 6: Optimization: Mathematical approach to direct recycle. Graphical method, simplex method, single variable optimization, multivariable optimization. 7 Hours UNIT 7: Mathematical Techniques: optimization techniques. for synthesis of mass & heat exchange excluding Lingo 6 Hours UNIT 8: Mathematical Techniques: for mass integration. Initiatives and applications. Case studies. 7 Hours Text Books: 1.Chemical Process Design & Integration, Robin Smith, 2nd Edition, Wiley, 2005. 2. Pinch Analysis and Process Integration – A user guide on process integration for efficient use of energy, Kemp I. C, 2nd Edition, Butterworth, Heinneman, 2006. 3. Process Integration – Mahmoud. M. , El – Hawalgi, Vol. 7, Academic Press, 2006. INSTRUMENTATION AND PROCESS CONTROL Subject Code No. of Lecture Hours/Week Total No. of Lecture Hours : 10CH72 : 04 : 52 IA Marks Exam Hours Exam Marks : 25 : 03 : 100 PART – A UNIT 1: Instrumentation: Fundamentals Static and dynamic characteristics. Indicators and recorders. Pressure measurement- Bourdon, diaphragm and bellow type gages. Vacuum measurements.Temperature measurement- Bimetal and resistance thermometers, thermocouples and pyrometers. 6 Hours UNIT 2: First Order Systems: Thermometer, level, mixing tank, STR, Linearisation, I order systems in series. Response for various input forcing functions. 6 Hours UNIT 3: Second Order Systems: Characteristics of manometer and damped vibrator. Transfer functions. Response for various input forcing functions, response for step input for under damped case – Terms associated with it. Transportation lag. 7 Hours 40 UNIT 4: Closed Loop System: Basic components. Servo and regulator control. Controllers – P, I, D and On –Off modes. Controller combinations – Final control elements – Valves, actuators and valve positioners. Hours PART – B UNIT 5: Closed Loop Response: Block diagram, Closed loop transfer function, Transient response of servo and regulator control systems with various controller modes and their characteristics. 7 Hours UNIT 6: Stability: Stability of linear control systems. Routh Test. Frequency Response – Bode diagrams. 6 Hours UNIT 7: Control System Design By Frequency Response: Bode criterion. Gain and Phase margins. Ziegler – Nichols controller tuning, Cohen-Coon controller tuning. 7 Hours UNIT 8: Root Locus: Rules for plotting and problems. 6 Hours Textbook: 1. Process System Analysis and Control, Coughner & Koppel, II Edition, McGraw Hill, New Delhi,1991. Reference Books: 1. Process Modelling, Simulation & Control for Chemical Engineers, Luyben, II Edition, McGraw Hill, 1990. 2. Chemical Engineering Vol.III, III Edition, Coulson & Richardson, Pergamon Press, 1998. 3. Chemical Process Control-An Introduction to Theory & Practical, George Stephanopoules, Vol. 3, Prentice Hall, New Delhi, 1998. COMPUTER APPLICATIONS AND MODELING Subject Code No. of Lecture Hours/Week Total No. of Lecture Hours : 10CH73 : 04 : 52 IA Marks Exam Hours Exam Marks : 25 : 03 : 100 Note: Algorithm and C Program for Cases of Unit 2 to Unit 6 PART – A UNIT 1: Review of Computational Methods: Simultaneous linear algebraic equation – Gauss Jordan. Non-linear algebraic equation-Newton Raphson. Ordinary Differential Equation- R-K Method. Numerical Integration-Simpson’s 1/3 Rule.Curve Fitting-Least Squares. 7 Hours UNIT 2: Applications: Vapor- Liquid equilibria for binary mixtures. Calculation of Bubble Pressure and Bubble Point. Dew Pressure and Dew point for Ideal Binary and multi-component system. 7 Hours UNIT 3: Flash Vaporization: for multi-component system. Design of Adiabatic Batch Reactor. 6 Hours 41 UNIT 4: Design of Adiabatic PFR, Adiabatic CSTR and Combinations. 6 Hours PART – B UNIT 5: Design: Double Pipe Heat Exchanger (Area, Length and Pressure drop). Shell & Tube Heat Exchanger (Area, Number of tubes, Pressure drop. 6 Hours UNIT 6: Absorption & Distillation Columns: Calculations for Plate and Packed Columns. 6 HoursUNIT 7: Modeling: Models and model building, principles of model formulations, precautions in model building, Fundamental laws: Review of shell balance approach, continuity equation, energy equation, equation of motion, transport equation of state equilibrium and Kinetics, classification of mathematical models. 7 Hours UNIT 8: Mathematical Modeling and Solutions to the Following: Basic tank model – Level V/s time. Batch Distillation – Vapor composition with CSTRs in series time. 7 Hours Text Books: 1. Computer based Numerical Analysis, M. Shanthakumar, First Edition, KPS Publisher, 1987. 2. Introduction to Chemical Engineering and Computer Calculations, Myers, A. L and Seider W. D, Prentice Hall,1976. 3. Process Modeling Simulation and Control for Chemical Engineering, William. L Luyben, 2nd Edition. , McGraw Hill, 1990. Reference Books: 1. Elements of Chemical Reaction Engineering, H. Scott Fogler, 2nd Edition, Prentice Hall, 2001. 2.Introduction to Chemical Engineering Thermodynamics, Smith J. M. and H. C. Vanness, 5th Edition, McGraw Hill, 1996. BIOCHEMICAL ENGINEERING Subject Code No. of Lecture Hours/Week Total No. of Lecture Hours : 10CH74 : 04 : 52 PART – A UNIT 1: Introduction: Bioprocess engineering and technology. Role of a Chemical engineer in bioprocess industry. An introduction to basic biological sciences. Microbiology: Structure of cells: Prokaryotes and Eukaryotes. Classification of micro-organisms. Taxonomy, control of microorganisms – physical and chemical methods. 7 Hours UNIT 2: 42 IA Marks Exam Hours Exam Marks : 25 : 03 : 100 Biochemistry: Chemicals of Life: Lipids, Sugars, Polysaccharides, Amino acids.Vitamins, Biopolymers, Nucleic Acids: RNA, DNA and their derivatives (Structure, Biological function and Importance for life only to be studied). 6 Hours UNIT 3: Enzymes and Proteins: Detailed structure of proteins and enzymes. Functions. Methods of Production and purification of Enzymes. Nomenclature and Classification of enzymes. Kinetics and mechanism of Enzyme action: Michaelis–Menten and Briggs-Haldane approach. Derivation. 6 Hours UNIT 4: Kinetics of Enzyme Action: Reversible Enzyme. Two-substrate. Multi-complexes enzyme kinetics (Derivation of rate equations). Experimental determination of rate parameters: Batch and continuous flow experiments. Lineweaver–Burk, Eadie-Hofstee and Hanes-Woolf Plots. Batch Kinetics (Integral and Differential methods). 7 HoursPART – B UNIT 5: Enzyme Inhibition: Effect of Inhibitors (Competitive, noncompetitive, uncompetitive, substrate and product inhibitions), Temperature and pH on the rates enzyme catalyzed reactions. Determination of kinetic parameters for various types of inhibitions. Dixon method. Enzyme immobilization: Uses. Methods of enzyme immobilization. 7 Hours UNIT 6: Fermentation Technology: Ideal reactors: A review of Batch and Continuous flow reactors for bio kinetic measurements. Microbiological reactors: Operation and maintenance of typical aseptic aerobic fermentation processes. Formulation of medium: Sources of nutrients. Alternate bioreactor configurations. Introduction to sterilization of bioprocess equipment. 7 Hours UNIT 7: Growth Kinetics of Microorganisms: Transient growth kinetics (Different phases of batch cultivation).Quantification of growth kinetics: Substrate limited growth, Models with growth inhibitors, Logistic equation, Filamentous cell growth model. Continuous culture: Optimum Dilution rate and washout condition in Ideal Chemostat. Introduction to Fed-batch reactors. 6 Hours UNIT 8: Downstream Processing: Strategies and Steps involved in product purification. Methods of Cell disruption, Filtration, Centrifugation, Sedimentation, Chromatography, Freeze drying / lyophilization. Membrane separation Technology: Reverse Osmosis, Ultra filtration, Micro filtration, Dialysis. 6 Hours Text Books: 1. Biochemical Engineering Fundamentals, Bailey and Ollis, II Edition, McGraw Hill,1976. 2. Bioprocess Engineering, Shuler M. L. and Kargi F. , 2nd Edition, Prentice Hall, 2002. Reference Books: 1.Biochemical Engineering, James Lee, Prentice Hall, 1992. 2. Biochemical Reactors, Atkinson B, Pion Ltd. , London, 1974. 3. Industrial Microbiology, Casida, wiley, New York, 1968 4. Principles of Fermentation Technology, Stanbury and Whitekar, 2nd Edition, ButterworthHeinemann An Imprint of Elsevier 43 ELECTIVE – II (Group B) FOOD TECHNOLOGY Subject Code No. of Lecture Hours/Week Total No. of Lecture Hours : 10CH751 : 04 : 52 PART – A UNIT 1: Introduction and Quality Attributes of Food: Function of foods. Food in relation to health. Aim of food science and technology. Quality attributes – Appearance factors, Textural factors, Flavour factors. Visual and objectively measurable attributes.Aroma of foods – introductory ideas, formation, chemistry and analysis. Taste – introductory ideas, formation and chemistry. Additional quality; quality standards, quality control. Introduction to sensory evaluation of foods and beverages. 6 Hours UNIT 2: Formation and Chemistry of Food: Carbohydrates. Proteins. Lipids. Vitamins. Minerals. Water. Biotin. Choline. Phytochemicals. 4 Hours UNIT 3: Food Processing and Preservation: Food deterioration – Causes. Aims and objectives of preservation and processing. Unit operations in processing. Different methods of food preservation – low temperature, high temperature, preservatives, osmotic pressure, dehydrations. ood irradiation; processing and preservations of milk and dairy, vegetables and fruits, cereals, legumes and nuts, meat and meat products, fats and oils, beverages, sugars, sweeteners, honey and confectionary, salt and spices. 8 Hours UNIT 4: Enzymatic and Non-Enzymztic Reactions During Storages: Introduction to enzymes. Nature and function of enzymes. Classification of enzymes. Hydrolases – Esterace, amylases, pectic enzymes. Proteases. Oxidoreductases – phenolases, glucose oxidase, catalose, peroxidase, lipoxygenase, xantine oxidase. Immobilized enzymes. Uses and suggested uses of enzyme in food processing. Non-enzymatic reactions. 8 Hours IA Marks Exam Hours Exam Marks : 25 : 03 : 100 PART – B UNIT 5: Food Additives: Introduction and need for food additives.Types of additives – antioxidants, chelating agents, coloring agents, curing agents, emulsions, flavors and flavor enhancers, flavor improvers, humectants and anti choking agents, leavening agents, nutrient supplements, nonnutritive sweeteners, pH control agents. Preservatives – types and applications. Stabilizers and thickeners, other additives. Additives and food safety. 8 Hours UNIT 6: Food Contamination and Adulteration: Types of adulterants and contaminants. Intentional adulterants. Metallic contamination. Incidental adulterants. Nature and effects. Food laws and 8 Hours standards. UNIT 7: 44 Environmental Concerns And Food Safety: Water in food production. Properties and requirements of processing water.Environmental concerns – solid waste disposal, wastewater properties, wastewater treatment. Safety hazards and risks. Food related hazards. Processing and handling. Cleaning and sanitizing. 5 Hours UNIT 8: Modern Trends In Food Science: Biotechnology in food. Biofortification. Nutraceuticals. Organic foods. Low cost nutrient supplements. Packaging of foods and nutrition labelin. Careers in food science and food industries. 5 Hours Reference Books: 1. Food Science, B. Srilakshmi, 4th Edn, New Age International, 2007. 2. Foods: Facts and Principles, N. Shakuntala Manay and M. Shadaksharamurthy, New Age Publishers, 2005. 3. Introduction to Food Science, Rick Parker, Thomsan Detmer, 2001. 4.Food Processing and Preservation, G. Subbulakshmi and Shobha A. Udupi, New Age International, 2001. 5. Food Science, Norman N. Potter and Joseph H. Hotchkin,1st Edition, Avi Publishing Co, 1968. 6. Principles of Food Chemistry, John M DeMan, 3rd Edition, Springer,1999. MULTICOMPONENT DISTILLATION Subject Code No. of Lecture Hours/Week Total No. of Lecture Hours : 10CH752 : 04 : 52 IA Marks Exam Hours Exam Marks : 25 : 03 : 100 PART – A UNIT 1: Introduction: Phase Equilibria for Multi component distillation. Thermodynamic relationships for multi component mixture, prediction of phase equilibria. 6 Hours UNIT 2: Phase Equilibria: Use of fugacities and activities.Introduction to the method of convergence characteristics. The Theta method for converging temperature. Profile-Development & application to conventional distillation columns. The 2N Newton-Raphson method- Introduction and the Algorithm. The method of successive approximations. 7 Hours UNIT 3: Methods Of Multicomponent Distillation: Azeotropic and extractive distillation processqualitative characteristics and applications. 6 Hours UNIT 4: Phase Behaviour At Constant Pressure: Homogeneous and Heterogeneous azeotropes. 7 Hours PART – B UNIT 5: Reactive Distillation: Distillation accompanied by chemical reaction. Application of the theta method of convergence in reactive method. Hours UNIT 6: Reactive Distillation: Formulation of N[r+2] Newton Raphson method. 6 Hours 45 UNIT 7: Complex Mixture: Determination of minimum number of stages required to effect a specified separation. 6 Hours UNIT 8: Complex Mixture: Optimum and economic design of distillation column for the complex mixtures. 7 Hours Reference Books: 1. 2. 3. 4. Fundamentals of multicomponent distillation, C. D. Holland, McGraw Hill, 1997. Separation processes, C. J. King, 2nd edition, Tata McGraw Hill, 1980. Distillation,Van Winkel, McGraw Hill, 1967. Distillation Engineering, R. Billet, Chem. Publ. Co. , NY,1979. ELECTROCHEMICAL TECHNOLOGY Subject Code No. of Lecture Hours/Week Total No. f Lecture Hours : 10CH753 : 04 : 52 IA Marks Exam Hours Exam Marks : 25 : 03 : 100 PART – A UNIT 1: Introduction To Theoretical Aspects: Faradays laws, mechanism of conduction in solids, liquids and gases and in ionic melts. Conduction in metals and semiconductors. 6 Hours UNIT 2: Reversible electrodes and potentials, electrode processes and electrode kinetics. UNIT 3: Various types of overpotentials. Polarisation. 6 Hours 6 Hours UNIT 4: Butler-volmer for one electron and mute electron steps. Models of electrical Double layer. 8 Hours PART – B UNIT 5: Applied aspects: Potentiometry and ion-selective electrodes. Polaroraphy. UNIT 6: Electrode deposition of metals and alloys.UNIT 7: Primary and Secondary Fuel Cells. 6 Hours 6 Hours 6 Hours UNIT 8: Corrosion And Its Prevention: Electro winning. Electro organic and inorganic synthesis (and some typical examples). Environmental electrochemistry. Bio-electro chemistry. 8 Hours 46 Text Books: 1. Modern Electrochemistry, J. O. M. , Bockris & A. K. N. Reddy, Vol. 1 & 2, Plenum, New York 2002. 2. Industrial Electrochemical Processes, A. Kuhn, Elsevier, Amsterdam, 1971. Reference Books: 1. Electro Analytical Chemistry, J. J. Lingane, Wiley, New York, 1958. 2. Electrochemistry, Principles and Applications, E. C. Potter, Cleaverhume Press, London 1956. 3. Organic Electrochemistry, M. M.Baizer, Marcel Dekker, 3rd Edition, New York, 1991. INTERFACIAL PHENOMENA AND SURFACE ENGINEERING Subject Code No. of Lecture Hours/Week Total No. of Lecture Hours : 10CH754 : 04 : 52 IA Marks Exam Hours Exam Marks : 25 : 03 : 100 PART – A UNIT 1: Introduction: Concept of Interface and its formation with examples. Mechanical and Thermodynamic approaches to Interface. Equivalence in the concepts of surface energy and surface tension. Applications. 6 Hours UNIT 2: Excess Pressure: Generalized equation for excess pressure across a curved surface- the equation of Young and Laplace. Pressure jump across cylindrical surface, flat surface. Vapor pressure of a drop Solubility of drops.Ostwald ripening. Capillary condensation. Super saturation. Nucleation. 6 Hours UNIT 3: Measurement of Interfacial Tension: Capillary rise method. Drop weight method, Wilhemy plate method, du Nuoy method. Methods based on shape of static drops or bubbles. Dynamic methods-Flow and capillary waves. 6 Hours UNIT 4: Thermodynamics of Interfaces: Thermodynamic treatment of interfaces. Free energy at interface. Temperature dependence of the surface tension. Effect of pressure on interfacial tension. Effect of curvature on surface tension. Thermodynamics of binary systems-Gibbs Equation. Surface excess concept. Verification of Gibbs equation. Gibbs monolayers. Hours PART – B UNIT 5: Wetting Fundamentals and Contact Angles: Work of adhesion, cohesion. Criteria for spreading of liquids. Kinetics of spreading. Lens formation- three phase systems. Young’s equation. Neumann triangle. Theories of equilibrium contact angles. Contact angle hysteresis. 5 Hours UNIT 6: Electrical Aspects of Surfaces: The electrical double layer. Stern treatment of electrical double layer. Free energy of a diffused double layer. Repulsion between two plane double layers. Colloidal dispersions. Combined attractive and electrical interaction-DLVO theory. Kinetics of coagulation. 8 Hours 47 UNIT 7: Surfactants: Anionic and non ionic. Other phases involving

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