Synopsis arrangements, continues to compromise the effectiveness of

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Last updated: September 12, 2019

 Synopsis Liberia; a United Nation’s success or partial success?  The basic objective of the UnitedNations is to attain and maintain a world peace and friendly relations amongnations across the globe. This is aptly summarized in the preamble of theUnited Nations Charter which says; “WE THE PEOPLES OF THE UNITED NATIONSDETERMINED to save succeeding generations from the scourge of war, which twicein our lifetime has brought untold sorrow to mankind”, AND FOR THESE ENDS “topractice tolerance and live together in peace with one another as goodneighbours, and to unite our strength to maintain international peace andsecurity, and to ensure, by the acceptance of principles and the institution ofmethods, that armed force shall not be used, save in the common interest.

” In the early 1990s, there was asignificant increase in the use of UN authorized peace operations forpeacebuilding (Doyle and Sambanis 2006). This reflected a new trend ofinterventionism and redefined a new generation of strategies in peacebuilding.According to Kofi Annan, the former Secretary-General of the United Nations,those peace operations were intended to fill a ‘gaping hole’ in theOrganization’s institutional and structural capacity to support countries intransition from violent conflict to sustainable peace. It is as part of thisreason, that in September 2003, the United Nations Mission in Liberia, wasestablished by the Security Council of the UN to help achieve sustainable peacein Liberia.

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 Problem Statement The United Nations is tasked toattain and maintain International Peace and Security. In doing this, the UnitedNations, leads the responsibility on Peacebuilding in post conflict societies.TheThe effectiveness of Peacebuilding process continues to be compromised inseveral ways lack of conceptual clarity, heightened by the inadequacy ofresources, poor policies and institutional arrangements, continues tocompromise the effectiveness of peacebuilding as a process (Call 2005). Themajor arguments that recurrently come up in the academia and at the UN levelsis whether Peacebuilding only involves measures aimed at lessening the risk oflapsing or relapsing into conflict, to strengthen national capacities at alllevels for conflict management, and to lay the foundations for sustainablepeace and development, whether peacebuilding applies to all phases of aconflict or only to post-conflict ones; whether the process is primarilypolitical or developmental in nature; whether it should focus primarily onaddressing root causes or should engage in institution building and/or changingattitudes and behaviours (McCandless & Doe 2007:5–6; McCandless 2008).  Research Questions Analysepossible factors that influenced the peacebuilding process in Liberia·        Downs and Stedman’sEnding Civil WarsIs Liberia a UN Peacebuilding success?·        Call’s Knowing PeaceChallenges of Post-Conflict Peacebuilding by the UN inLiberia·        Call’s Knowing Peace·        Goldstein’s Winning the war on war  Listof References Barnett, M, Kim H, O’Donnell, Mand Sitea, L 2007. Peacebuilding: what is in a name? Global Governance, 13(1)(January–March).  Call, C 2005.Institutionalizing peace: a review of post-conflict concepts and issues forDPA.

Consultant report for Policy Planning Unit, UN Department of PoliticalAffairs, 31 January. Liberia 2006. Breaking with thepast: from conflict to development, In Interim poverty reduction strategy.Republic of Liberia.  Liberia and United NationsDevelopment Programme (UNDP), Liberia 2006. Mobilizing capacity forreconstruction and development, national human development report. Liberia:Republic or Liberia and UNDP.  Liberia 2008.

Poverty reductionstrategy, Republic of Liberia.  Mccandless, E, 2008. Lessonsfrom Liberia Integrated approaches to peacebuilding in transitional settings.ISS Paper 161.  Mccandless, E and Doe, S 2007.

Strengthening peacebuilding efforts in Liberia: a discussion document for UNMILand the UNCT. 15 April. O/DSRSG for Recovery and Governance. UNMIL: Liberia.

 Paris, R 2004. At war’s end:building peace after civil conflict. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.  Doyle, W.

M and Sambanis, N2006. Making War and Building Peace. United Nations Peace Operations. PrincetonUniversity Press Princeton and Oxford.  Stedman, S. J et al. eds.

2002.Ending Civil Wars: The Implementation of Peace Agreements. Boulder, CO: LynneRienner.  United Nations 1995.

Supplementto ‘An agenda for peace.’ Position paper of the Secretary-General on theoccasion of the fiftieth anniversary of the United Nations. UN DocA/50/60/-S/1995/1 (3 January). Available at

org/Docs/SG/agsupp.html> accessed 15January 2017.  

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