Terms Related to Poetry

Topics: EntertainmentHeroes

Type:

Sample donated:

Last updated: December 7, 2019

Blank Verse
Unrhymed Iambuic Pentameter

Couplet
A _________ has rhyming stanzas made up of two lines

Don't use plagiarized sources.
Get Your Custom Essay on "Terms Related to Poetry..."
For You For Only $13.90/page!


Get custom paper
Dramatic Monologue
A type o fpoem in which a speaker addresses a silent listerner. As readers, we overhear the speaker in a __________. robert Browning’s “My Last Duchess” represents the epitome of the genre.

Elegy
A formal sustained poem lamenting the death of a particular person

English or Shakesperian Sonnet
A 14 line sonnet consisting of three quatrains of abab cdcd efef gg (copulet). Shakespearean sonnets generally use iambic pentameter

Epic
An extensive, serious poems that tells the story about a heroic figure

Free verse
Poetry free of a strict rhythmical structure or set rhyme scheme

haiku
A Japanese poem composed of three unrhymed liens of five, seven, and five syllables, usually about some form of nature

Iambic pentameter
Poetic meter consisting of five repetitions of iamb–an unstressed followed by a stressed syllable; used by poets because it most closely approximates the normal rhythms of English

idyll
Poetry that either depcicts a peaceful, idaelized oucntry scene or a long poem telling a story about heroes of a bygone age (more nostalgic than epic)

Italian or Petrarchan Sonnet
A sonnet consisting of an octave with the rhyme pattern abbaabba follwoed y six lines with a rhyme pattern of cdecde or cdcdcd

Light Verse
Poetry which entertains with humor or wit.

Some light verse–particularly satire–has an underluying serious intetn.

Limerick
A short sometimes vulgar, humurous poem consisting of five anapestic lines. lines 1, 2, and 5 have seven to ten suyllables, rhyme, and ahve the same verbal rhythm.

The third and fourth lines have five to seven asyllables, rhyme, and have the same rhythm.

Lyric
Once referred to petery meant to be sung to music, but now describes any short, concentrate dpoem expressing personal feelngs

Narrative
Poetry that tells a story

Ode
Usually a long, cokmjplex lyric expressing profoudn emotion. Its expression and style are uusally more elaborate and exlalted tahn other lyrics

Ottava Rima
A poem written in eight-line octave. Each line is ten or elevean syllables, following a set rhyme scheme

Pastoral
A poem that depicts rural life in a peaceful, romanticized way

Quatrain
A stanza or poem consisting of four lines. Lines two and four must rhme while having a similar number of syllables

Sonnet
A 14 line poem usually in iambic pentameter and following a specified rhyme scheme

Terza Rima
A type of poetry consisting of 10 or 11 syllable lines arranged in three-line tercets

Villanelle
A 19 line poem consisting of five tercets and a final quatrain on two rhymes. The first and third lines of the first tercet repeat alternately as a refrain closing the succeeding stanzas ande jonijed as the final couplet of the quatrain.

End-stopped lines
A line of poetry marked by a logical or rhetorical pause at the end

Enjambment
The running over of a sentence from line or stanza into another so that closely related words fall in different lines

Foot
Units of accented and unaccented syllables, arrange din units called ______.

emter is measured in units of _____. The following are the main typ[es in English poetry, though there are others.

MEter
A generally regular pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables in poetry. _________ is measure din units called _____ and a metrical line is identified by the number of fee tin the line

Onomatopoeia
The naming of athing or actio nby a vocal imitatio nof the ound associated with it

Refrain
A reguilarly recurring phrase or verse especially at the end of each stanza or divisio nof apoem or song

Scanning or scansion
Analyzing the metrical patterns of a poem

Stanza
A divisio nof a poem consisting of a series of ines arranged together in a usually recurring pattern of meter and rhyme

Syllabic Verse
Poetry in whcih the number of syllables per line is fixed (haiku is an example)

Alliteration
The repetition at close intervals of initial identical consonant sounds. Or, vowel sounds in successive words or syllables that repeat.

Anaphora
Repetition of word or experssio nat the beginning of successive phrases, clauses, sentences, or verses especially for rhetorical or poetic effec

Antithesis
Rhetorical contrast of ideas by means of parallel arrangmements of words, clauses, or sentences

Assonance
Repetition of a vowel sound within two or more words in close proxmitiy. “Fake” and “lake” denote rhyme; “lake” and “fate” demonstrate assonance

Consonance
REptition of a consonant sound within two or more words in close proximity

End rhyme
Rhyme occurring at the ends of lines

Internal rhyme
Rhyme between a word within a line and another either at the end of the same line or within another line

Slant-rhyme
Words which do not rhyme exactly, but end with similar sounds

Polysyndeton
Reptition of conjucntions in close succession

Parallelism
Reptition of words, phrases, or sentences taht have same grammatical structure or state a similar idea

Repetition
Repeating word, phrase, or other element for emphasis

Allusion
A brief reference to a historical or literary figure, event, or object

Hyperbole
Exagerration for effect or humor

Metaphor
Deirect or implied comparison between two dissimlar objects

Direct metaphor
A direct comparison, such as “Juliet is the sun”

INdirect metaphor
An implied comparison, such as “He sharked down his food”

Extended metaphor
A metaphor, often the entire poem

Conceit
An exaggerate dcomparison popul.

arize din the senvetneneenth centgury by the metaphysical poets, of whom Geoerge Herbert and John Donne are teh primary representatives

Metonymy
A related device, in which an object or characteristic associated with the subject is usexd in place of the subejct “pen is mighter than sword”

Paradox
A statment whcih contains seemingly contradictory elements or apepars contrary to comon sense, yet can be seen as perhaps, or indeed, true when viewed from another angle

Personification
Giving human characteristics to something non-human

Simile
A comparison between seemingly dissilmarl objectsusing like or as

SAymobl
Something taht stands for or suggests something else by resson of relationship, associatoin, convention, or accidential resemblance; especially a visible sign of something invisible

Synechdoche
A figure of speech by which a part stands for whole (fifty sails for fifty ships), whole for part (society for high society), species for genus (cutthroat for assassin), genus for species (creature for man), orname of material for thing made (boards for stage)

Synthesia
Describing one knid of sensation in terms of another

Pun
Words or expressions which tonain two meanings simultaneously, helpfl in a gener which requires language to condense meanings in a compact space

Irony
Contrast or discrepancy between expectation and reality. Occurs when language appears to contradict itself;

Choose your subject

x

Hi!
I'm Jessica!

Don't know how to start your paper? Worry no more! Get professional writing assistance from me.

Click here