A type o fpoem in which a speaker addresses a silent listerner. As readers, we overhear the speaker in a __________. robert Browning’s “My Last Duchess” represents the epitome of the genre.
A formal sustained poem lamenting the death of a particular person
English or Shakesperian Sonnet
A 14 line sonnet consisting of three quatrains of abab cdcd efef gg (copulet). Shakespearean sonnets generally use iambic pentameter
An extensive, serious poems that tells the story about a heroic figure
Poetry free of a strict rhythmical structure or set rhyme scheme
A Japanese poem composed of three unrhymed liens of five, seven, and five syllables, usually about some form of nature
Poetic meter consisting of five repetitions of iamb–an unstressed followed by a stressed syllable; used by poets because it most closely approximates the normal rhythms of English
Poetry that either depcicts a peaceful, idaelized oucntry scene or a long poem telling a story about heroes of a bygone age (more nostalgic than epic)
Italian or Petrarchan Sonnet
A sonnet consisting of an octave with the rhyme pattern abbaabba follwoed y six lines with a rhyme pattern of cdecde or cdcdcd
Poetry which entertains with humor or wit.
Some light verse–particularly satire–has an underluying serious intetn.
A short sometimes vulgar, humurous poem consisting of five anapestic lines. lines 1, 2, and 5 have seven to ten suyllables, rhyme, and ahve the same verbal rhythm.
The third and fourth lines have five to seven asyllables, rhyme, and have the same rhythm.
Once referred to petery meant to be sung to music, but now describes any short, concentrate dpoem expressing personal feelngs
Poetry that tells a story
Usually a long, cokmjplex lyric expressing profoudn emotion. Its expression and style are uusally more elaborate and exlalted tahn other lyrics
A poem written in eight-line octave. Each line is ten or elevean syllables, following a set rhyme scheme
A poem that depicts rural life in a peaceful, romanticized way
A stanza or poem consisting of four lines. Lines two and four must rhme while having a similar number of syllables
A 14 line poem usually in iambic pentameter and following a specified rhyme scheme
A type of poetry consisting of 10 or 11 syllable lines arranged in three-line tercets
A 19 line poem consisting of five tercets and a final quatrain on two rhymes. The first and third lines of the first tercet repeat alternately as a refrain closing the succeeding stanzas ande jonijed as the final couplet of the quatrain.
A line of poetry marked by a logical or rhetorical pause at the end
The running over of a sentence from line or stanza into another so that closely related words fall in different lines
Units of accented and unaccented syllables, arrange din units called ______.
emter is measured in units of _____. The following are the main typ[es in English poetry, though there are others.
A generally regular pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables in poetry. _________ is measure din units called _____ and a metrical line is identified by the number of fee tin the line
The naming of athing or actio nby a vocal imitatio nof the ound associated with it
A reguilarly recurring phrase or verse especially at the end of each stanza or divisio nof apoem or song
Scanning or scansion
Analyzing the metrical patterns of a poem
A divisio nof a poem consisting of a series of ines arranged together in a usually recurring pattern of meter and rhyme
Poetry in whcih the number of syllables per line is fixed (haiku is an example)
The repetition at close intervals of initial identical consonant sounds. Or, vowel sounds in successive words or syllables that repeat.
Repetition of word or experssio nat the beginning of successive phrases, clauses, sentences, or verses especially for rhetorical or poetic effec
Rhetorical contrast of ideas by means of parallel arrangmements of words, clauses, or sentences
Repetition of a vowel sound within two or more words in close proxmitiy. “Fake” and “lake” denote rhyme; “lake” and “fate” demonstrate assonance
REptition of a consonant sound within two or more words in close proximity
Rhyme occurring at the ends of lines
Rhyme between a word within a line and another either at the end of the same line or within another line
Words which do not rhyme exactly, but end with similar sounds
Reptition of conjucntions in close succession
Reptition of words, phrases, or sentences taht have same grammatical structure or state a similar idea
Repeating word, phrase, or other element for emphasis
A brief reference to a historical or literary figure, event, or object
Exagerration for effect or humor
Deirect or implied comparison between two dissimlar objects
A direct comparison, such as “Juliet is the sun”
An implied comparison, such as “He sharked down his food”
A metaphor, often the entire poem
An exaggerate dcomparison popul.
arize din the senvetneneenth centgury by the metaphysical poets, of whom Geoerge Herbert and John Donne are teh primary representatives
A related device, in which an object or characteristic associated with the subject is usexd in place of the subejct “pen is mighter than sword”
A statment whcih contains seemingly contradictory elements or apepars contrary to comon sense, yet can be seen as perhaps, or indeed, true when viewed from another angle
Giving human characteristics to something non-human
A comparison between seemingly dissilmarl objectsusing like or as
Something taht stands for or suggests something else by resson of relationship, associatoin, convention, or accidential resemblance; especially a visible sign of something invisible
A figure of speech by which a part stands for whole (fifty sails for fifty ships), whole for part (society for high society), species for genus (cutthroat for assassin), genus for species (creature for man), orname of material for thing made (boards for stage)
Describing one knid of sensation in terms of another
Words or expressions which tonain two meanings simultaneously, helpfl in a gener which requires language to condense meanings in a compact space
Contrast or discrepancy between expectation and reality. Occurs when language appears to contradict itself;