TEST 2 HIST

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Last updated: November 27, 2019

The key figure in the spread of Christianity outside the Jewish community was
Paul of Tarsus

During the centuries of Roman history, from Republic to Empire, the paterfamilias’ authority
decreased

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003: Roman antagonism toward Christianity was deepened by
Christian rejection of Roman religious practices.

Julius Caesar
was assassinated by a group of leading senators.

The greatest epic poet of the Late Republic was
C. Virgil.

Traditional Roman religion
. was based on the proper implementation of rituals by state priests.

All of the following are correct about Han China EXCEPT
. the shipping of silk from Rome to China.

003: _______ issued the The Edict of Milan.
Constantine

001: Following the Third Punic War, the people of Carthage were
sold as slaves.

Under the reigns of the five “good emperors”
the range of responsibilities that were affected by the policies of the emperors increased.

Members of the aristocratic governing class in Rome were known as the
patricians

002: As it prospered, the early Roman Empire
E. saw the development of a large gap between rich and poor.

003: The success of Christianity is widely believed by historians to have been due to its
B. promise of salvation, its familiarity, and its universality.

001: Which of the following were part of the early Roman republican form of government? [Select All That Apply] A.

House of Counsels B. Centuriate Assembly. C. Consuls.

D. Senate. E.

Praetors.

not A

001: The Roman Senate
C. had 300 members who were chosen for life.

003: The poet who wrote the Rubaiyat was
D. Omar Khayyam.

002: Which of the following are correct statements about the Mongols? [Select All That Apply] A. Initially, the Mongols were not Muslims. B.

Over time, their upper class population became Muslim. C. Their westward advance continued on to absorb the Cordova caliphate in Spain. D. They often engaged in acts of mass brutality.

E. They caused great havoc and destruction throughout the Middle East.

NOT c

Which of the following was NOT a major trade route during the 1st millennium CE? A. trans-Atlantic Route B. Silk Road C.

trans-Saharan Trade Incorrect D. across the Indian Ocean

A

001: Which issue first confronted the leaders of the expanding Islamic empire causing instability and discord?
B. succession struggles

003: Which of the following was NOT true of Sufis?
D.

Their lack of emphasis on the specifics of Islamic doctrine made them ineffective missionaries.

002: The Abbasid dynasty finally came to an end in 1258, when it was overrun by the
Mongols

Which of the following is true of the Umayyad caliphs? [Select All That Apply] A. They maintained their simple lifestyle, even in the capital of Damascus. B. They levied a special head tax called jizya on non-Muslims. C.

They became more and more lax in their attitudes toward Islamic doctrine. D. They showed great favor to the Arab military aristocracy.

NOT A

001: Which of the following is NOT one of the Five Pillars of Islam?
B. pilgrimage to Medina.

003: The Islamic thinker who studied Aristotle and whose thought, in turn, influenced the rise of European scholasticism was
Ibn Rushd.

002: The Shi’ites believe that
B. the caliphate should follow the line of Ali.

001: The Ulama was important in Islamic society because they
C. developed public policies and heard cases in accordance with the Quran and the Shar’ ia.

002: How did the Saljuq Turks govern the Abbasid caliphate?
A. They kept Abbasid caliphates as nominal sovereigns, but A Turkish sultan was the true source of power.

002: The victorious Arabic armies of the Islamic expansion
A. allowed the conquered peoples to practice their own religions.

003: The veiling of women as a social custom was
B. practiced long before Muhammad was born.

002: Which region supplied the Islamic world with important agricultural transplants such as rice, sugarcane, and fruits?
D. India

The poet who wrote the Rubaiyat was
D.

Omar Khayyam.

Which of the following are correct statements about the Mongols? [Select All That Apply] A. Initially, the Mongols were not Muslims.

B. Over time, their upper class population became Muslim. Incorrect C. Their westward advance continued on to absorb the Cordova caliphate in Spain. D.

They often engaged in acts of mass brutality. E. They caused great havoc and destruction throughout the Middle East.

NOT C

001: Which issue first confronted the leaders of the expanding Islamic empire causing instability and discord?
D.

Their lack of emphasis on the specifics of Islamic doctrine made them ineffective missionaries.

002: The Abbasid dynasty finally came to an end in 1258, when it was overrun by the
A. Mongols.

002: Which of the following is true of the Umayyad caliphs? [Select All That Apply] A. They maintained their simple lifestyle, even in the capital of Damascus. B. They levied a special head tax called jizya on non-Muslims. C.

They became more and more lax in their attitudes toward Islamic doctrine. D. They showed great favor to the Arab military aristocracy.

NOT A

002: The Shi’ites believe that
B. the caliphate should follow the line of Ali.

001: The Ulama was important in Islamic society because they
C. developed public policies and heard cases in accordance with the Quran and the Shar’ ia.

002: The victorious Arabic armies of the Islamic expansion
A.

allowed the conquered peoples to practice their own religions.

003: The veiling of women as a social custom was
B. practiced long before Muhammad was born.

002: Which region supplied the Islamic world with important agricultural transplants such as rice, sugarcane, and fruits?
India

004: By the eighth and ninth century,
C. a great deal of cotton was grown in India; more, indeed than anywhere else.

001: The exchange of technology and ideas between India and China was contributed to the exchange of ______ traveling along the Silk Road.
C. Buddhist monks

004: Which of the following correctly states a difference between Islam and Hinduism
D. Hinduism contained multiple deities that represented a supreme god while Islam was had but one god, Allah.

003: Tamerlane’s Kingdom was built on the ruins of the
Mongol empire

004: What was/were jati?
C.

subcastes organized by occupation

003: The Delhi sultans were
C. never able to expand their control beyond northern India.

002: India’s “golden age” is traditionally associated with the
A. Gupta dynasty.

004: Most upper-class Indian Hindus
C.

adopted the Muslim custom of purdah.

001: Which of the following accurately describes the monasteries that emerged in the Kushan kingdom?
A. Wealthy monasteries became major consumers of luxury goods.

004: Under the medieval Indian land-use system
D. actual title to the farmland in the realm belonged to the king.

004: Which of the following reflects a basic tenet of Sikhism? [Select All That Apply] A. Followers reject all forms of blind rituals such as fasting, pilgrimages and any form of idol worship. B. Sharing with others is not only a social responsibility but an integral part of the religion. C.

Like other religions in this period, Sikhs believe that the caste system and the subordination of women are true and proper ways of maintaining social order. D. Sikhs must be part of the world but strive to remain pure in heart and spirit.

NOT C

004: Which of the following is TRUE about the caves of Ajanta? [Select All That Apply] A. They are examples of some of India’s greatest artistic achievements. B.

Most of them were carved in an eighteen-year period. C. They contain elaborate wall paintings relating to Buddha and his incarnations. D. They served only as shrines that were nothing more than holes in the cliffs. E.

They are great sources of historical knowledge of fifth-century India.

NOT D

002: Bodhisattvas were [Select TWO Answers]
C. Individual who possessed the essence of Buddhahood. D. Those who remained on earth in spirit form to help others achieve a release from the life cycle.

002: The Gupta Empire’s decline was facilitated by
A. Invasions of nomadic warriors from the northwest

Nanak
D. was the last Mongol invader to successfully control the entire Indian subcontinent.

003: What was an achievement of Mongol rule in Eurasia? [Select All That Apply] A.stable rule B.fostering prosperity for many C.Understanding with Christian leadersD.

encouragement of long-distance trade

NOT C

002: Civil service examinations
B. heavily favored aristocrats during the Tang dynasty

Which of the following lists the various dynasties/rulers of the Medieval period in their correct chronological order, from earliest to latest?
A. Sui, Tang, Song, Mongol Empire, Ming

004: The motives for the voyages of Zhenghe possibly included which of the following [Se-lect All That ApplyA. curiosity. B. trading profits. C.

military conquest. D. to seek information on a earlier emperor who might have escaped into exile.

NOT C

002: With the increase in trade and urban activities during the Tang and Song eras,
C. a landed gentry class assumed a position of social and economic dominance.

003: Which of the following factors contributed to the end of Mongol rule in China [Select All That Apply] A. inferior abilities among the successors to Khubilai Khan.

B. excessive military expenditures. C. the plague that killed millions of Mongols in 1241 and 1242. D.

internal strife, aggravated by growing famine. E. insufficient incoming receipts from taxes.

NOT C

002: More than anything, technological advances in societies appear to depend on the
extend of contact with other cultures

002: One of the main reasons for the demise of the Tang Dynasty was its inability to effectively solve the problem of land distribution. Which of the following statements can serve as a valid explanation for this policy failure?
B. The increasing concentration of land in the hands of the rich and politically influential, coupled with rising food production, led to increasing pressure on the land distribution system.

005: The Buddhist sect that stressed the role of devotion was
C.

the Pure Land Sect.

003: The Mongols
B. made use of Chinese institutions in governing China.

005: Of the three philosophies competing for attention in medieval China,
A. Confucianism triumphed because it adhered to the Chinese social need to support the concepts of hard work and filial piety.

The Sui Dynasty
E. completed the new Grand Canal system linking the Yellow the Yangtze river valleys.

003: The Pope and Great Khan of the Mongol empire
B. both believed that their respective actions were sanctioned by heaven

005: Due to various technical aspects of the Chinese language, its poetry had
E. a shortness in the amount of lines used and the number of words in each line.

003: The founder of the Mongol Empire was
E. Genghis Khan.

003: The Mongols
B. made use of Chinese institutions in governing China.

002: The Sui Dynasty
E.

completed the new Grand Canal system linking the Yellow the Yangtze river valleys.

005: The Buddhist sect that stressed the role of devotion was
C. the Pure Land Sect.

003: Which of the following were TRUE about medieval Chinese life [Select All That Apply] A. the occupation of most Chinese was farming.

B. life for most Chinese of the era was centered around the local village. C. the volume and value of trading activity grew.

D. most people had developed life styles that were far removed from agriculture. E. technological developments such as block printing improved communication.

NOT D

003: The Mongols were able to maintain control in China for an extended period because they
B. maintained commercial policies that were conducive to Chinese prosperity.

001: Over the course of the three centuries after the fall of the Han and before the rise of the Sui Dynasty,
D. Buddhism developed a much wider following among the Chinese people.

002: Local government in medieval China
A. did not include appointed Imperial/Government officials at the village level.

005: The most effective expression of literature from the Tang to the Ming dynasties was in the form of
C. poetry.

002: In the Chinese civil service examination system
A. many candidates who passed the first examination did not go on to a higher level.

005: Due to various technical aspects of the Chinese language, its poetry had
E. a shortness in the amount of lines used and the number of words in each line.

002: In the Chinese civil service examination system,
A.

in comparison to other civilizations, the process provided a means for upward social mobility.

002: Civil service examinations
B. heavily favored aristocrats during the Tang dynasty

001: During the “Era of the Six Dynasties”
D.

Chinese intellectuals rejected State Confucianism in favor of more hedonistic pursuits.

002: With the increase in trade and urban activities during the Tang and Song eras,
C. a landed gentry class assumed a position of social and economic dominance.

003: Which of the following factors contributed to the end of Mongol rule in China [Select All That Apply] A. inferior abilities among the successors to Khubilai Khan.

B. excessive military expenditures. C. the plague that killed millions of Mongols in 1241 and 1242. D. internal strife, aggravated by growing famine. E.

insufficient incoming receipts from taxes.

NOT C

002: The Roman emperor that gave full citizenship to all free inhabitants of the empire was
Caracalla

002: Roman slaves
D. staged a number of massive rebellions, the largest led by Spartacus in 71 B.C.E.

003: Constantine’s “new Rome” was established at the site of ancient
A.

Byzantium.

001: Both the Greeks and the ____ had a major influence on the development of Rome.
E. Etruscans

001: Which of the following is a TRUE statement about the centuriate assembly?
E. It had the responsibilities of electing the chief magistrates and passing legislation.

001: Muhammad’s teachings
B.

stressed that Islam was not just a religion but also a way of life.

003: Which technology, captured by Arab forces after defeating a Chinese army in 751 C.E., eventually made its way to western Europe?
C.

paper manufacture

001: Muhammad began the solitary meditations during which he received the revelations underlying Islam because of
D. the difficulties created in his mind by the corrupt and decadent society of his day.

003: The rapid expansion of trade during the 1st millennium CE was facilitated by [Select All That Apply]A. greater knowledge of gold deposits in Meso-and South America. B.

introduction of the camel to the Middle East and Africa. C. invention of the compass. D. improved map making and ship building.

NOT A

001: According to Islamic belief
C. Allah sent not his first but his final message through Muhammad.

002: Bodhisattvas were [Select TWO Answers]
Those who remained on earth in spirit form to help others achieve a release from the life cycle. Correct E. Individual who possessed the essence of Buddhahood.

002: Within the practice of Mahayana Buddhism [Select TWO]
A. Buddhism was reinterpreted as a religion rather than a philosophy B. Nirvana could be achieved through devotion alone

004: One of the earliest freestanding structures on the Indian subcontinent is the eighth-century shore temple at
A. Mamallapuram.

004: What was/were jati?
C. subcastes organized by occupation

001: India was a natural location as a trading center because of
D. its central location in the Indian Ocean basin.

002: Civil service examinations
A. heavily favored aristocrats during the Tang dynasty

004: The motives for the voyages of Zhenghe possibly included which of the following [Se-lect All That Apply] A. military conquest. B. trading profits. C. to seek information on a earlier emperor who might have escaped into exile.

D. curiosity.

not a

005: Due to various technical aspects of the Chinese language, its poetry had
D. a shortness in the amount of lines used and the number of words in each line.

003: What was an achievement of Mongol rule in Eurasia? [Select All That Apply] A.Understanding with Christian leaders B.encouragement of long-distance trade C.fostering prosperity for many D.

stable rule

NOT A

002: In terms of its relations with neighboring powers, the Song
A. met their ultimate demise at the hands of the Mongols.

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