His orchestral work, Prelude to “The Afternoon of a Faun,” was inspired by a Symbolist poem.
The Romantic song structure or form, in which the same melody is represented with every stanza is known as _________.
The Romantic song structure or form in which the music proceeds from beginning to end with no repetitions of large sections is known as _____________.
The German art song for solo voice and piano was a favored Romantic genera known as ____________.
Composers unified a group of songs by poem or theme. These are called___________________________.
Von Goethe; Heine
Favorite poets whose works were set to music by composers of German art songsinclude ____________ and _____________.
What German composer created over six hundred lieder and several famous songcycles? ____________________.
What song, based on a German legend and set in a dramatic poem by Goethe isone of Schubert’s most famous works? ___________________.
Many of Robert Schumann’s songs were inspired by whom?___________________.
Technical improvements to the nineteenth- century piano led to the developmentof the modern concert _____________ piano.
What composer dedicated his entire compositional output to the piano and issaid to have originated the modern piano style? ____________________.
Music publications in early America were largely devotional, some written inwhat system designed for easy reading? _______________________.
Many Romantic composers cultivated instrumental music with a literary orpictorial association supplied by the composer called __________________ music.
Music with no literary or pictorial association is called ________________ music.
Hector Berlioz’s Symphonie fantastique is a five-movement symphony unified by a recurring theme called an _________________ that represents his beloved.
Composers continued writing absolute music throughout the nineteenth century,including the symphony, concerto, and ___________________.
Romantic symphonies were characterized by lyrical themes, colorful harmonies, expanded proportions, and larger orchestras featuring _________________.
The first movement of a symphony usually remains in sonata-allegro form, and the third is most often a spirited ___________.
Johannes Brahms continued the Classical traditions of the Viennese masters in his four symphonies. His __________ Symphony is Classical in structure but Romantic in tone.
Romantic concertos preserve the Classical three-movement structure but use these forms more freely, allowing for brilliant virtuoso display by the soloist, as in Felix Mendelssohn’s ____________ Concerto in E minor.
Romantic opera developed distinct _____________ styles in Italy, Germany,and France.
Both opera seria (serious opera) and opera buffa (comic opera) were favored in Italy; they marked the peak of the ______________ (beautiful singing) style.
Giuseppe Verdi is best known for his operas, which embody the spirit of Romantic drama and passion. His Rigoletto, based on a play by____________________, is one of the most performed works today.
In Germany, what genre consisting of light, comic drama with spoken dialogue,gave way to more serious works, including Richard Wagner’s music drama, whichintegrated all elements of opera? _____________________.
Wagner’s music dramas are not sectional (in arias, ensembles, and the like) but are continuous, unified by __________________, or recurring themes, that represent a person, place, or idea. His most famous work is his four-opera cycle, The Ring of the Nibelung.
The opera Carmen, by French composer Georges Bizet, exemplifies a trend toward __________________ by romanticizing Gypsy culture in Spain.
The style of music that is characterized by modal and exotic scales (chromatic,whole tone, and pentatonic), unresolved dissonances, parallel chords, rich orchestral color, and free rhythm, all generally cast in small-scale programmaticforms is called _____________________.
The most important French Impressionist composer was ________________.
Debussy and Maurice Ravel were highly influenced by new sounds of non-Western and traditional music styles heard at the Paris _________________of 1889.
The style of Igor Stravinsky’s early works, including his ballets The Firebird, Petrushka, and The Rite of Spring, is strongly __________________; the last of these re-creates rites of ancient Russia.
Arnold Schoenberg, along with his students Alban Berg and Anton Webern, comprise the _____________________ School.
Arnold Schoenberg was highly influential in German ________________ism: his song cycle Pierrot lunaire represents this period.
Schoenberg also experimented with abandoning the tonal system, creating a twelve-tone, or _____________, method that revolutionized twentieth-century composition.
Post – Romantic
Alban Berg’s music is rooted in the _______________________ tradition, but he also drew on the twelve-tone system devised by his teacher, Schoenberg.
Berg’s most famous work Wozzeck, is an _______________ based on the Expressionist play about a disturbed man who moves between reality and hallucination.
Hungarian composer ___________________ collected traditional songs and dances from his native land and incorporated elements from them into his compositions.
German composer _________________ set racy medieval lyrics of wandering monks in his well-known cantata Carmina burana. The most famous section is the stirring opening and closing chorus that evokes Fortuna, the goddess of luck.
What American composer used the early American song Simple Gifts in his famous ballet Appalachian Spring, commissioned by the great choreographer/dancer Martha Graham.?_______________________.
What composer is known as the “King of Ragtime.”? ___________________.
What American genre of folk music is based on a repetitive, poetic-musical form with three-line strophes set to a repeating harmonic pattern? _____________.
What trumpet player was associated with New Orleans-style jazz, characterized by a small ensemble improvising simultaneously?______________________.
The 1930s saw the advent of what era that is sometimes referred to as the big band era and distinguished by the brilliantly composed jazz of Duke Ellington?_____________________.
What American composer used the voice as a virtuosic instrument setting texts by the Spanish poet Federico García Lorca in his four books of madrigals?_________________________.
What composer invented the prepared piano to simulate the sound of the Javanese gamelan? _____________________.
In what country is the gamelan (an ensemble of metallic percussion instruments)played in? _____________________.
What Chinese- American composer merges Eastern and Western sound material and concepts? _______________________.
Traditional Chinese music is often performed on the a two- string fiddle called the ___________________.
Rock & Roll
In the 1950s one of the most significant phenomena in twentieth- century music history was the rise of _________________.
First heard live in the United States in 1964, this band was highly influential because of their expressive experiments in various musical styles (including non-Western ones) ________________.
California groups contributed to the expressiveness of rock, particularly to the emergence of __________________.
Music videos and _____________were important media for the dissemination of rock in the 1980s; other developments led to the emergence of rap.
An element of hip hop culture, this is one of the most popular forms of African-American music and like earlier rock styles, it has crossed racial lines and beenadopted by performers of all ethnic backgrounds: _____________