The Islamic ReligionIslam isa word that is derived from the Abrahamic monotheistic religion, which teachesthat there is only one God. All the beliefs and teachings are written in thebook known as the Quran that is the holy bible of the Islam. Muslims believethat the angel Gabriel through Muhammad spoke their sacred scripture. Muhammedis viewed in the Islamic religion as a prophet. According to the Muslims, theQuran originated from Muhammad, but according to the Quran, it did not arisefrom him. According to the Quran, it was (Quran) given to prophet Muhammed byangel Gabriel (Ahmad, Eisa, and Amani, 79).Thehistorical concerns of the Muslim are centered on economic, political, socialand cultural developments of the civilization of the Islamic religion.
Mostnon-Muslims believe that the doctrine started in medina and Mecca at the startof the 7th century. The Muslim belief that God forms the heart of their faith.A God, who causes affliction, brings good, creates death, gives life andsustains his creation. TheIslamic religion has two traditions, the Shi’a, and the Sunni traditions. Thetwo cultures have different means of maintaining their belief. However, aunifying characteristic of the two traditions is the five pillars and theIslam’s fundamental practices.
The five components of the Muslim religion arethe Prayer ritual, Charity, fasting, Faith, and Hajj. Muslims are characterizedby praying to their God (Allah) five times a day.The riseof the Islamic religion was between the year 632 and 700. It is during this timewhen the Muslim community spread out in the Middle East through defeat. Theseresulted in the growth of the Islamic religion, and the state gave a groundwhere the revealed faith took root and flourished.
The Islamic religioninspired the conquest of the military. It (Military) was also encouraged byhunger and legislation.Theadvancement of the Muslim was hand in hand with the expansion of the military.These were as a result of the increase of the army in the Arabic countries thatfacilitated its growth into a Muslim power. The Islam also had their spiritthat led to its growth.
The generous terms also promoted their faith accessibleto the conquered populations. These made the Islamic religion to benefitsignificantly from the success of Arabia’s armies, which was astonishing.During 632 CE, when Muhammad died,a different Islamic alliance group arose under pressure. Some teams decided thatbecause of the commitment to the Islamic belief to Mohammed, his (Mohammed) demiseallowed them to finish their obligation to the hub and the Islamic belief(Clarke, Matthew, and David, 52). Muhammad, the Muslim leader, and the psychic didnot give any directive of who should succeed him to lead the Muslim communityafter his death.However, the Muslim religion pickedout another diviner after the death of Muhammad, to substitute his rank thatwas unoccupied.
A close friend of Muhammad was chosen to lead the Islamic belief.Abu Bakr, the one who took over after the death of Muhammad, was known as the earliestCaliph, which in the Islamic religion mean the successor in the community of theArabs. Abu Bakr took a stern action against the cities that wanted the Islamicreligion to be broken. The operation combined Arabia into a unitary state underthe leadership of the Islamic faith.
Later the passing on of Abu Bakrin the year 634, Umar Ibn Al-Khattab give powers to take over as anothercaliph, who reigned until the year 644. With a structured army, Umar IbnAl-Khattab found himself a sovereign of a vast incorporated state. He used thisas an instrument to increase the Islamic faith further to the Middle East.Afterwards, the Muslim military of Arabia confronted the kingdom of Sassanidthat is in Iraq and gained a substantial success in the year 637. These madeArabia defeat Iraq for a subsequent couple of years. These were positive as aresult of the weak Sassanid Kingdom that was affected by battles within itsinternal, which lead to it being taken over by the Islamic faith.Theconversion and spread of Islamic religion were made at a point of the sword orthe death. With this, people were given the choice of either being killed or toconvert to the said religion.
The main Aim of the Muslim was to dominate andnot to transform. Hence, saving one from to Muslim did not wholly meanabandoning his/her religion or turning from an old life to a new life entirely.Most of the people retained their communities and cultures from which they hadcome.
Civilisationis a social system that helps humankind to increase the cultural output. TheIslamic religion’s main agenda was to spread throughout the whole world, whichwill make a civilized world religion of Islam. During the 13 century, theArabs, Africans, and the Indians formed the majority of the Islamic religion.The empires of the Muslim faith, The Arabs, Persians, and the Turks set out tostart a civilized Islamic religion. The Islamic Civilisation is committed tothe oneness of humanity and God.
The Islamic faith does not allow ethnicdiscrimination, race or linguistic; it stands for a collective humanism.Thereare billions of Muslims throughout the whole world. Even though they speakdifferent languages in life in various parts of the world, they share auniversal Islamic culture.
Some of the cultures that the Islamic religion hasadopted worldwide is clothing, food, wedding traditions and some other aspectsof the Islamic Life.Thesignificant elements of civilization are economic resources, moral traditions,political systems and the science of art. The expansion and growth of culturerequire some factors like religion, education, and language. TheMuslims borrowed an integrated element of different cultures to form theirlearning. The Islamic religion tolerated other religions within which theydominated if they recognized the Islam and the political rule, paying of tax,and did not agitate among the Muslims. Thesuccess of the Islamic religion was facilitated by the following factors;i. The Arabs, a dominant Islamic religion inthe world where Islamic religion originated from, were having a mighty armythat could defeat other nation and given the fact that they aimed to have moremembers in the faith. So it was forcing members to join the Islamic religion,or they face death (Poliakov, Sergei, and Martha, 95).
ii. Another factor that facilitated Muslimsuccess was the united belief in the Islam, Which made it easier for them tocombine efforts to achieve their mission.As theIslamic religion spread to the rest of the world, the Islamic scholarsdeveloped a system of law that would help the Muslims interpret the holy bookknown as the Koran, which they will then use to apply to their daily life.Thecaliphs of the Muslim community followed the Quran on whatever aspect andteaching it was advocating. The four significant caliphs who followed the Quranto the leather are Omar, Ali, Bakr, and Uthman. The notable characteristics oftheir rule arei. They assumed office with the permission ofthe people and never force themselves to that position by use fraud or forceii. They governed the Muslims by consulting andwere not whatsoever not inclined to the majority, use of power or by oppression.
iii. They acknowledged the judiciary and itssupremacy. They even took their cases to court for a hearing.Consequently,the rest of the rules failed to maintain the same standards of the ruling andthe Quran, which degenerated the moral, and teachings of the Holy Book (theQuran). These led to dictatorship and empires that caused significant harm tothe Islamic religion and the society.TheIslamic contribution to civilization in the field research and education hasrealized a significant improvement in the field of research and developmentthroughout the world. Some of the substantial contribution of the Islamicreligion through civilization is in the field of medicine, mathematics,chemistry, and Geology.The areaof science in medicine is essential in human life.
The advancement in the fieldof medical science has been continuous from the ancient times to the present.The contribution of the Islamic community has been of great significancebetween these periods. The Muslim has recognized and adapted knowledge in thefield of medicine. These made the Arabs to acknowledge the field of medicineand hence raised physicians within the same domain to high ranks, thusrewarding them for the full benefits.Anothersignificant contribution made by the Islamic religion is in the field ofchemistry. The most significance made by the Muslim in this area was thediscovery that was created by an alchemist, which was centered in theconversion of gold from baser metals.
The Arab chemists developed formulas thatwere used in making nitric acid, the hydrochloric acid that is used in themodern world, and sulphuric acid. They also discovered the art ofcrystallization, distillation, oxidation and alcohol making.Al-Battaniwas a famous arithmetician and an astronomer. He was recognized as theastronomer of his time by his accurate calculation of the days of the year,which were 365 days and 5 hours. These figures are almost the actual figures ofthe estimated days of the year. He also came up with the idea of trigonometricrations in the field of mathematics that is used today. He also established theconcept of the cotangent and supplied a table that tabulated in degrees.
The civilization of the Islamic religion has also led to theadvancement in the field of industrialization. Spain was a business center thatwas on the Islamic rule. The country is one of the highly populated andindustrialized nations in the European countries. The Muslims were leading inthe industry sector by pottery making, milk production, wool weaving, jewelryand perfume making industries. The Muslim commanded world trade in Baghdad andSamarqand.
These remained the centers for the world affairs up to the 16thcentury.