Type: Definition Essays
Sample donated: Juanita West
Last updated: September 30, 2019
The history of elephants began with the ice age, when there were mammoths.
As the years went by there became more species of elephants such as the Asian Elephants. Scientist put this elephant into different classification levels. One classification level is the family. The asian elephants falls into Elephantidae. The definition of Elephantidae is the single family with living representatives in the mammal order. The elephants are in this classification level because they are considered mammals. Another classification level is the phylum.
The Asian elephants is in a phylum called chordate. Did you know that mammals are the only species that have specialized teeth? This is why the elephants were placed into the chordate phylum. The next classification level is domain. Elephants are in the Eukaryotic because there cells have nucleus. Speaking of their domain, Did you know that this is the largest classification level? The Asian elephants classification system is the domain is Eukarya, the kingdom is Animalia, the phylum is Chordata, the class is Mammalia, the order is Proboscidea, the family is Elephantide, the genus is Elephas, and the species is maximus. It’s latin name is maximus, but we know it as the Asian Elephant.
The indian, african savanna, and chinese elephants are three closely related species to the asian elephant. The asian and african savanna elephants are the only two elephants in the world that are not extinct. They also have many adaptations. They flap their ears, spray water on themselves, and roll in the mud to create coling effects to stay comfortable. They walk on their tippy toes so all of their weight is not putting pressure on their feet. Lastly, they pick up food with their trunks and spray water and dust on their skin to prevent sunburn and to protect themselves from insects.
Some interesting facts about Asian elephants is that they can hear another elephant’s call at 4 km (2.5 mi.) away. Under ideal conditions, their range of hearing can be increased to 10 km (6.2 mi.).
Another fact is that elephants use their trunk for smelling, breathing, detecting vibrations, caressing their young, sucking up water, and grasping objects. This is just some basic information about Asian Elephants and what makes them special.