The Elements of Poetry: A Poetry Review 2

Topic: LifeFamily
Sample donated:
Last updated: December 16, 2019
Lyric
Subjective, reflective poetry with a regular rhyme scheme and meter which reveals poet’s thoughts and feelings to create a single, unique impression

Narrative
non-dramatic, objective verse with regular rhyme scheme and meter which relates a story or narrative

Shakespearian (English) Sonnet
three quatrains and concluding couplet in iambic pentameter, rhyming abab cdcd efef gg or abba cddc effe gg.

Spenserian Sonnet
Specialized form with linking rhyme abab bcbc cdcd ee

Petrarchian (Italian) Sonnet
an octave and sestet, between which a break in though occurs. The traditional rhyme scheme is abba abba cde cde

Ode
elaborate lyric verse which deals seriously with a dignified theme

Blank verse
unrhymed lines of iambic pentameter

Free Verse
unrhymed lines without regular rhythm

Epic
a long, dignified narrative poem which gives the account of a hero important to his nation or race

Dramatic Monologue
a lyric poem in which the speaker addresses himself to persons around him; his speech deals with a dramatic moment in his life and manifests his character

Elegy
a poem of lament, meditating on the death of an individual

Ballad
simple, narrative verse which tells a story to be sung or recited: the folk ballad is anonymously handed down, while the literary ballad has a single author

Idyll
lyric poetry describing the life of the shepard in pastoral, bucolic, idealistic terms

Villanelle
French verse form, strictly calculated to appear simple and spontaneous; five tercets and a final quatrain, rhyming aba aba aba aba aba abaa. Lines 1, 6, 12, 18, and 3, 9, 15, 19 are refrain

Light verse
general category of poetry written to entertain, such as lyric poetry, epigrams, and limericks.

It can also have a serious side as in parody or satire

Limerick
humorous nonsense-verse in five anapestic lines rhyming aabbaa. a-lines being trimeter and b-lines dimeter.

Iambic
u /

Trochaic
/ u

Anapestic
u u /

Dactyllic
/ u u

Spondaic
/ /

amphibrach
a foot with unstressed, stressed, unstressed syllables

anacrusis
an extra unaccented syllable at the beginning of a line before the regular meter begins

amphimacer
a foot with stressed, unstressed, stressd syllables

catalexis
an extra unaccented syllable at the ending of a line after the regular meter ends

enjambement
a run-on line, one continuing into the text without a grammatical break

Masculine Rhyme
rhyme in which only the last, accented syllable of the rhyming words correspond exactly in sound

Feminine Rhyme
rhyme in which two consecutive syllables of the rhyme-words correspond, the first syllable carrying the accent; double rhyme

Half Rhyme or Slant Rhyme
imperfect, approximate rhyme

Assonance
repetition of two or more vowel sounds within a line

Consonance
repetition of two or more consonat sounds within a line

Alliteration
repetition of two or more initial sounds in words within a line

Euphony
the use of compatible, harmonious sounds to produce pleasing, melodious effect

Cacophony
the use of inharmonious sounds in close conjuction for effect; opposite of euphony

Metaphor
figure of speech which makes a direct comparison of two unlike objects by identification or substitution

Simile
a direct comparison of two unlike objects using like or as

Conceit
an extendad metaphor comparing two unlike objects with powerful effect

Personification
figure of speech in which objects and animals have human qualities

apostrophe
addressing a person or personified object not present

Metonymy
the substitution of a word which relates to the object or person to be named, in plalce of the name itself

Synecdoche
figure of speech in which a part represents the whole object or idea

Hyperbole
gross exaggeration for effect; overstatement

Litotes
understatement for effect

Irony
the contrast between actual meaning and the suggestion of another meaning

verbal irony
meaning one thing and saying another

dramatic irony
contrast between what the speaker says and means and what the author means

situational irony
when the reality of a situation differs from the anticipated or intended effect, when something unexpected occurs

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