Type: Research Essays
Sample donated: Marjorie Griffin
Last updated: September 27, 2019
The most identified causes of death in the jail were dying upon medical illness and suicide (Delisi & Conis, 2013, p.153). The National Institute of Corrections in conjunction with the National Center on Institutions and Alternatives found out in their research that 1,102 inmates had lost their lives in jails. Annually it is reported that that approximately forty to sixty inmates die because of AIDS related complications.
At around five percent die of serious diseases like stroke, cancer, paralysis, TB and liver failure and AIDS. These diseases are may affect the mental capacity and with a minor window to know the inmate, many with mental diseases are victims of suicide. The cause of this is because 61% of jail inmates have not yet been convicted thus there is unnecessary overcrowding (Delisi & Conis, 2013, p.150). The criminality of jail versus prison inmates is different from the first time shock of being confined in an enclosed area is a leading suicide tendency of an inmate in jail that chronic offender’s lack in prison.The system is a diverse one and crimes have different velocities, which arrests should be done to all crimes but when it comes to being entered into the system, only those with violent crimes deserve that. The reason behind this is that there are petty offenders who are arrested in various crimes like misdemeanors and traffic offenses, they most likely do not reach jail (Delisi & Conis, 2013, p.151).
However, most prisoners have been through jail because the diversity that jail has all those convicted and not convicted. There should be a chance in diversion such as house arrests where the offender must not leave their homes as a way of sanction (Delisi & Conis, 2013, p.213). Being put in parole is an alternative to being incarcerated and prosocial activities, and educational programs play a great role in those arrested in their first year that can be discharged upon showing improvements. Probation is also an alternate solution in the other offenders while also paying fines for some felonies also serve justice to the system.
This is however, a gamble as sometimes some criminals may view it as a ploy to prolong the inevitable of being incarcerated and thus intermediate sanctions should be placed (Delisi & Conis, 2013, p.203).Widening the net is not really a problem since it serves as a counterproductive strategy in diversionary programs (Delisi & Conis, 2013, p.181). There should be consistency for it to work.
It has however been significantly found to be a problem because of encouraging intermediate sanctions that need not have social control for offenders in the lower level (Delisi & Conis, 2013, p.224). Correctional population in the community’s growth is an important concern among criminologists because there is unnecessary application of supervision to offenders who do not need them because of the net widening initiatives even when there is low risk in leaving them unsupervised (Delisi & Conis, 2013, p.214). The public also minds because it has been historically seen that intermediate sanctions receive public scorns since there are many fears in leaving criminals living among other community members (Delisi & Conis, 2013, p.
204).There is infrequency on heinous crimes by probationers because they see it as opportunities to be accepted back to the community thus take rehabilitation programs very serious (Delisi & Conis, 2013, p.247). abiding to the conditions that are subscribe for them to be in the community rather than jail or prison is a huge leap in ensuring that the probation is not revoked and that they do not waste such a chance to find retribution (Delisi & Conis, 2013, p.232). The workload is too much but the resources are strained since there is only 15 percent of state budget rendering the officers ill equipped thus leading to negative consequences due to case overload (Delisi & Conis, 2013, p.244). The jobs are now dangerous due to intermediate sanctions thus they are physically assaulted.