The individuals should be treated as autonomous which means that the individual capable of making their own decision about important personal matters. The individual should only be involved in research if they have voluntarily give their consent and been fully informed about the nature, purpose and consequences of the research. Therefore the individuals’ right need to be respected and they can make their own decision whether to participate in the research or they will refuse to be the participant.The second requirements in the principle of autonomy is people with diminished autonomy should be protected. This is to ensure that the persons concerned are not involved in research which could be harmful for them with regard to a research project.
This is because some people in society may not have the capacity to make fully informed decisions. Beneficence is the act that is done for the benefit of others or a duty to ensure the welfare of the persons concerned. This principal states that the research should do no harm and maximize benefits for participants and minimize risks for participants. Participant must be safe and feel protected by the researcher whenever they sign he consent and agree to participate.
Full explanations and information must be detailed to participants. To use easy words and simple language for details so that they will fully understand and to avoid miss understand of the concepts.The purpose of the research is to discover new information that would be helpful for the society in future. It should never cause harm or injured to anyone or find out information at the expense of other people.
There is dilemma arises from the researcher in this case because to avoid the risks, the researcher needs to know what is harmful. Never take for granted that the participant will understand the researcher language used. The evidence obtained from the study will show whether it is beneficence or not. In order to identify what can benefit the patients, it may be necessary to exposed them to risks although the researchers are obligated to do their best to minimize those possible risks and to maximize the benefits for participants. Never exposed the participants’ details to public or other researcher in any way. Participants’ personal matters must be well kept in the separate location and data are recorded and subjects’ name are only can be access by the researcher or members of the researcher.