Part iTo the Jews back in the time of Jesus the kingdom of God meant Gods power and authority, and the Kingdom would be on earth when people accepted God and he would establish his reign on earth, and he would send a messiah to lead them to victory against the command of the foes.Jesus had a different idea than this. Jesus believed that the kingdom of god meant changing peoples ideas about humanity through his teachings, and that the earth would be Gods kingdom when everyone loved there neighbour and followed the ten commandments.The early Christians and apostles though very similarly to this, but they also believed that the kingdom of god was a reward for being faithful to Jesus and they would be rewarded with eternal life.In Marks gospel Jesus passes on gods message through parables such as the parable of the sower where Jesus said “a farmer went out to sow his seed. As he was scattering the seed, some fell along the path, and the birds came and ate it up.
Some fell upon rocky places, where there was not much soil, and it sprang up quickly because the soil was so shallow. But when the sun came up, the plants were scorched, and they withered because they had no root. Other seed fell among thorns, which grew up and choked the plants so they did not bear grain. Still other seed fell upon good soil so they grew up and produced a crop, multiplying thirty, sixty, or even a hundred times.This parable described the way gods message is distributed, as the seed equalled gods message, and the birds equalled the devil. The seed that fell on the path meant people that hear gods message, but allow the devil to take away the message. The seed on rocky ground represented people that take notice of gods message, but abandon it as soon as something better arises. The seed that fell among the thorns represented the people who love money more than gods message.
The seed on good soil means people that take notice of gods message and spread the message, which is why it said the crop multiplied thirty, sixty, or even a hundred times.The parable of the tenants has another meaning. It says about a vineyard owner letting out his land to tenants, and when he sent servants to collect the rent they beat or killed them. Then he sent his son and the tenants killed him, thinking that they would inherit the vineyard, but then the vineyard owner spoke a parable against them and they tried to get him arrested, but they were afraid of the crowd so they left and went away.
In this parable the owner represents god. The servants he sends represent the prophets. His son represents the messiah, and the tenants represent the Jewish leaders. Jesus told this parable to get the message that when god sends his son, the messiah, that he would be rejected and arrested by the Jewish leaders for spreading the news of god.
In the parable of the lamp on the stand the message behind it is like gods message is like a lamp, you don’t hide the lamp where no light can be seen, you put it in the centre of the room were all the light is given of and it is not wasted, in the same way gods message should not be stored in a corner and ignored, it should be put in the open, where it can be seen by everyone.In the parable of the Growing seed the message is that the seed germinates and sprouts, it springs up and grows in a manner that the man cannot describe. This is like gods Kingdom, it grows and grows but we cannot tell how or why.In the parable of the mustard seed the message is very similar to the meaning of the growing seed. Like a mustard seed, which is the smallest seed that can be planted in the garden, but it grows to become the biggest seed in the garden, the kingdom of god can grow from one person spreading the nation, to a whole nation.Part iiA parable is an everyday story with a single meaning, whereas allegories are stories were every detail has a meaning. For example in the allegory of the sower the meanings are; the seed means gods message, the birds mean the devil.
The seed that fell on the path means people that hear gods message, but allow the devil to take away the message. The seed on rocky ground represented people that take notice of gods message, but abandon it as soon as something better arises. The seed that fell among the thorns represented the people who love money more than gods message. The seed on good soil means people that take notice of gods message. In the parable of the lamp on the stand the plain message single message is don’t hide gods message where it can’t be seen, put it out in the open were people can see it and act upon it.
Part iiiJesus used parables to pass on gods teaching as if he just told the Jews gods message then they wouldn’t understand him, but Jesus told parables about things that happened in everyday life back then and things the Jews would understand, but Jesus still got his message across. For example in the parable of the sower, the Jews could relate to this as the Jews were mostly farmers so every year they had to plant their seeds so Jesus told stories about that and put a meaning behind it, which he Jews would understand.