The term of American Dream is a word used for an idealand typical American citizen’s achievements. It is based on complete equalityand discipline. All men live in the land of America have same rights andopportunities according to this term, and who work hard and disciplined canachieve everything want he want because the America and his laws and humanrights provided it.It is stated in TheDeclaration of Independence and it protects this American Dream. It usesthe familiar quote: “We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all menare created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certainunalienable Rights that among these are Life, Liberty and the pursuit ofHappiness. The Declaration continued, “That to secure these rights, Governmentsare instituted among Men, deriving their just powers from the consent of thegoverned.
“1In the beginning, the American Dream means that everycitizen has same rights protected by law and they all are equal under the law. Thesuperiority of royal class is revoked by this term. WhenChristopher Columbus was explored this New Land, people were unfamiliar to thisdream, but as time passed by the civilization is increased in this New Land,and it coined the name ”America”, with this name the American Dream startedto take a shape step by step. People started to gain social status in thisland, after a bloody fight they gave against to natives, Indians. In 1630, JohnWinthrop gave his “City Upon a Hill” sermon to his fellow Puritancolonists as they sailed with Winthrop Fleet from England to Massachusetts inthe same year. Although Winthrop never mentioned the word “dream,” hestated in his speech that a society in which everyone would have a chance toprosper, as long as they all stand and worked together and followed teachingsof the God, Jesus and the Holy Bible. This is an early description of ”AmericanDream” also. It holds the idea of equality and unity for the sake of Americawhich Winthrop was stated in his sermon.
The term of ”American Dream” is actually coined by HistorianJames Truslow Adams in 1931. In his book TheEpic of America, Adams described “that dream of a land in which lifeshould be better and richer and fuller for everyone, with opportunity for eachaccording to ability or achievement.”2 The word “AmericanDream” gradually began to appear in newspaper articles and books after itinvented by James Truslow. It is used for propaganda and marketing of America.
Many people immigrate to this land to make their dreams true and achieve their ”AmericanDream”. It is easily said that this term make America more popular. In orderto grow that popularity, it is used in many books as a description of multi-millionaire.For instance, by the early 20th century, it was a euphemism for upward economicmobility — the prototypical American rags-to-riches dream. In SherwoodAnderson’s 1916 novel Windy McPherson’sSon, for example, the author described his protagonist as “an Americanmulti-millionaire, a man in the midst of his money-making, one who had realizedthe American Dream.
“3 On one hand, for many people ”American Dream” isrelated with a good and decent job, family and prosperity. This prosperityincludes a good, self-contained house without a mortgage, a car fully-paid. Onthe other hand, it is beyond that materialist idea and these stuffs. For them it is the dream of living a simple,happy and fulfilling life and the most important features being faith andequality.
“The American Dream” also is about liberty and Americabeing the country of unlimited opportunities. The idea beyond of American Dreamcan change person to person but it is really clear that there is not enoughspace for women beyond this idea. When we considered the time of origin of thisidea, it can be seen social status of women precisely. So, this ”dream” doesnot include women much, but there are so many powerful and independent women inAmerica throughout history, what about their American Dream?