The Hitler Youth Movement was set up in 1926 and the nature of the movement could be described well as scouts but with a political purpose. When the Hitler youth movement was first started, the only difference between the movement and scouts was that it was compulsory! The children had to attend both weekday and weekend meetings. During weekday meetings the children were given political lectures on Nazi idea’s and Hitler himself, they also learnt skills which could be put into practice at weekend meetings.
The boys would do various sports like boxing, shooting, marching, club throwing (which would be useful later when using the hand grenade), athletics and military exercises such as trench digging, map reading and marching. The boys were also encouraged to play military style war games and team games were also encouraged because it gave the boys a sense of unity; one of Hitler’s aims. Some of the activities which the girls took part in were similar to those of the boys for example the intense physical training.However Hitler’s aim for the girls side of the movement was to turn the girls into fit and good housewives. They were taught the most important things to worry about was the three k’s ‘Kirche, Kinder and Kuche. ‘ in English ‘Church, children and Kitchen. ‘ So at the meetings whilst the boys were playing sport and war games the girls learnt how to cook, clean, look after children and attend church. All of these teachings were purposeful in the aim of encouraging the girls to be fit mothers and good housewives .
In this essay I shall explain Hitler’s main purposes of the ‘Hitler youth’ movement. Hitler’s first main purpose of the movement was to control the lives of the young outside of school, this was very important to the Nazi’s as they knew they were people who disagreed with their ideas and wanted to ensure the children believed in their ideas and their ideas only! Hitler did this by holding meetings on weekday evenings to keep the children away from their parents who were thought to be off a bad influence.Meetings were also often held on Sundays to keep the children away from church which could contradict Nazi ideas and again keep their time with their parents at a minimal.
Hitler’s second main purpose of the movement was to mould the young people for their future roles. He achieved this this extremely well through the movement’s meetings. Hitler wanted boys to become patriotic, bold and tough fighting machines, the boys were trained for army and war life for example camping and marching ect. and to become strong fighters for their country in later life by the intense physical training they had to endure.The girls were taught to have children at a young age (early 20’s) while they were still fertile so they could bear many children – a new generation of loyal Nazis. They achieved this by giving the girls child bearing lessons.
The girls also learnt all the skills needed to be a good and faithful housewife. As well as Hitler’s main aim to mould girls to become fit and healthy mothers and good housewives, Hitler wanted to create a ‘master’ race, so the girls were strongly encouraged to produce Aryan babies, so that the country could be racially pure, as Hitler always wanted.In conclusion, at first glance the whole ‘Hitler youth’ movement could be looked at as a good thing, giving poor children camping weekends and giving all children something to do like the modern guides and scouts.
However if you really explore what happened at the meetings and the purposes behind the whole movement it was all very sinister and Hitler’s way off moulding his ideal country of a superior Aryan race of people who were loyal and patriotic to their country.