The Civil war was the result of irreconcilable differences between the North and Western regions on one hand and the South on the other due to slavery, states’ rights and other grievances. In the year 1861 the Civil war broke out soon after South Carolina, Mississippi, Texas and Georgia seceded from the union. After seceding from the union these four states created their own government, the Confederacy, which supported to aspire the preservation of slavery, state rights and grievances. The Union did the exact opposite of the Confederacy by enforcing to minimize slavery expansion, neglecting state rights and refusing to recognize the issues of the Confederacy. The foundation of the South’s economy revolved around slavery because cotton cultivation was expanding all throughout the west and it was their only reliable source of income. If slavery were to be abolished in the South, its economy would fall apart. The abolitionists in the North spoke out against the cruel treatments of slaves to stop the expansion.
As a result, slavery was prohibited in Washington D.C. This blockade of slavery made the Southern states very agitated not only because Texas’s claims on disputed territory but the ban of slavery in Washington D.C. California drafted a constitution and applied for statehood as a free state, as a result bypassing the territorial stage and avoiding becoming a slave state. California applying for free state would destroy the equilibrium of the balance of 15 free states and 15 slaves states because other states may follow California and apple for statehood.
Now that California was a free state it gave the North the upper hand in abolishing slavery because now legislative power was in the North’s favor meaning they could overrule any of the South’s decision. The four major states, Mississippi, Georgia, Texas, and South Carolina seceded from the Union before the Northerners could abolish slavery. In doing so, the confederate states created their own declaration that protected slavery from being abolished. Henry Clay, Stephen Douglass and John C. Calhoun met for the last time to compose together a compromise which later is called “The Compromise of 1850” In the Compromise of 1850 the North got the better deal with California being admitted as a free state, Texas losing disputed territory to New Mexico, and slave trade was prohibited but slavery was still legal.
The South ended up with popular sovereignty in the Mexican Cession lands which opened ip land to slavery, Texas was paid $10 million for the land lost to New Mexico, and a new fugitive slave law. The Fugitive Slave law stated that runaway slaves could not testify on their own behalf, the commissioner who handled the case got profit afterwards and people were hired to catch runaway slaves even if they did not want to. This sparked a tension between both the North and South because one thought that the other got the better deal. Years go by and now the North and South begin to contest for Kansas.
Northerners began to move into Kansas which outraged the Southerners since they supported the Compromise of 1850 which states that Kansas would be a slave state rather than a free state. The state of Kansas was also called “Bleeding Kansas” because many lives were lost fighting over whether Kansas should be free or a slave state. Abraham Lincoln gave his inaugural address on March 4, 1861 stating that there would be no conflict or war unless the South provokes. Most of the forts in the South had ceased their power to the Confederacy, however Fort Sumter was one who did not. Lincoln chose to send supplies to the fort, telling the South Carolinian governor the ship held only provisions and not reinforcements. On April 12, 1861 the South fired cannons onto Fort Sumter but after 34 hours of persistent fire, the fort surrenders.
The Northerners were enraged by the South’s actions of attacking Fort Sumter, and as a result Lincoln called 75,000 volunteers. Lincoln also called upon a naval blockade on the South on April 19 and 27. The Southern states that already seceded from the union felt as if Lincoln was waging an aggressive war, therefore they were joined by North Carolina, Virginia, Arkansas, Tennessee. Missouri, Kentucky, Maryland were considered the border states because they were on the North-South border.
These states were crucial for the South because it would double the manufacturing capacity and increase the supply of horses, also because they are slave states which have not yet seceded but could at any given moment. Lincoln tried to stop the states from seceding by declaring that the war was to save the Union, not to free the slaves. Overall, the Civil War broke out due to the North and South because they had a disagreement on whether slavery should be expanded.
A few states like Georgia and Mississippi state that slavery plays a huge role in the Southern economy. The states also argue that they are unsatisfied with what they receive from the federal government or other states. All states grieved on president Lincoln’s actions before and during the war.
Thus, all the the different factors contributed to the Civil War breaking out in 1861.