The constitution was written in seventeen eighty-seven by our Founding Fathers.
It was meant to establish a federal government for the United States and delegated to the federal government with limited powers. Our Founding Fathers made The United States Constitution to help shape and control our government. Though all twenty-seven amendments are equally important I am going to be discussing only four of which include; the first, the second, the twelfth and the fourteenth amendments.The first amendment states, “Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press; or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the Government for a redress of grievances.” (The Bill of Rights). This statement was submitted for ratification on September twenty-fifth of seventeen eighty-nine. At this time the United States government system was at its weakest.
Many Supreme Courts had cases were the rights of U.S. citizens were being violated.
There were protests for the United States involvement in foreign wars, flag burnings and United States official documents being exposed. Human rights were being unprotected and violated, it was time for a change. On December fifteenth of seventeen ninety-one, the first amendment was approved and added to the United States Constitution. The first amendment greatly impacted Americans at that time. It was the birth of the entire Constitution. People felt a sense of relief. Because of the first amendment, people could speak their minds, voice their opinion, and practice their own religion.
It gave light to people, however in two hundred and twenty-seven years somethings had changed. Today many people abuse the right of the first amendment. When they say freedom of religion they hear freedom to hate on religions. When they say freedom of speech they hear freedom of criticism.
When they say freedom of press they hear freedom of exaggeration. Today, in my opinion, the first amendment was made to give freedom and peace but instead, numerous people have changed it in a way where your freedom is questioned. Although many people violated the amendment, more people stand by it. The first amendment was created with no flaws, it guaranteed that every American citizen had the freedom and right of religion, speech, press, assembly and to petition, and that is exactly the way it should be. Everyone should have the right to do as they please as long as no one else’s freedom is harmed. The second amendment states, “A well regulated Militia, being necessary to the security of a free State, the right of the people to keep and bear Arms, shall not be infringed.” (The Bill of Rights). This statement was submitted for ratification on December seventeen of seventeen ninety-one.
During this time the United States had no standing army for a long time. The Second Amendment was created so the states could form armies or militias to destroy slave rebellions. The founding fathers were actually frightened by standing armies. They feared coups. They only had protection from the militias and the government. The second amendment that provides United States citizens the right to bear arms was approved on December fifteen of seventeen ninety-one. Once the amendment was official it sent out a wave of relief to the civilians because they knew that they could now protect themselves if the government tried to force them to be in a militia. In today’s society, over two hundred years later the right to bear arms is still a huge ongoing deal mainly because of gun violence.
The brutality has grown at an incredible rate. We have protests to end gun violence. While we have gun activists rallying to support it. The point is that you should not have a gun if it is not legally licensed to you. It was, “an amendment..
.providing for the election of the president and vice president by the electoral college: should there be no majority vote for one person, the House of Representatives (one vote per state) chooses the president and the Senate the vice president.” (Twelfth Amendment).
This new process revises the older one where the presidential election procedure was to have the President and Vice President elected together as opposed to the Vice President being the runner-up. The twelfth amendment was put into action after the seventeen ninety-six and eighteen hundred elections went terribly wrong. John Adams and Thomas Jefferson both ran for the seventeen ninety-six presidential election, where Adams won by three electoral votes.
The outcome ended up with Adams president and his rival vice president. In eighteen hundred a rematch was created with Adams and Jefferson again. The political parties would each choose two candidates, where one would run for president and one for vice.
Jefferson and nominated Burr won their opposing mates by receiving 73 electoral votes each, but because the two had an even amount of votes the president was to now be chosen by the House of Representatives. This meant the friends were now running against each other. Lots and lots of bickering later Jefferson was elected president and Burr his vice. After those dramatic elections, it was time for this necessary amendment to be made. The twelfth amendment was ratified on June fifteen of eighteen hundred and four. “The most important part of the 12th amendment is that instead of casting two votes for President, each elector must pick a President AND a Vice President on his or her ballot. This ensures that the President will be paired with his running mate after the election.
” (12th Amendment). To this day we have played by the same rules of the twelfth amendment approved in eighteen hundred and four.The fourteenth amendment states, “All persons born or naturalized in the United States, and subject to the jurisdiction thereof, are citizens of the United States and of the state wherein they reside. No state shall make or enforce any law which shall abridge the privileges or immunities of citizens of the United States; nor shall any state deprive any person of life, liberty, or property without due process of law, nor deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws….The Congress shall have power to enforce, by appropriate legislation, the provisions of this article.” (Amendments 11 – 27). On July ninth of eighteen sixty-eight, the fourteenth amendment was approved granting citizenship to anyone born or naturalized in the United States. This was a huge part of the United States story because it helped shape history for the better.
Before the fourteenth amendment was put into action our states were divided with different government opinions about citizenship. It was extremely difficult to become a citizen because you were getting turned down just because they did not like you. Fortunately, throughout the year’s Acts and laws were being passed opening up the governments and publics eyes to equal rights. When the fourth amendment was passed it granted former slaves citizenship and it meant Native Americans were getting approved as citizens. Now anyone in the world can apply to become a United States citizen.
The amendments in this paper are four out of twenty-seven. These amendments have changed our entire government system, it has changed our ways of life. We have freedom of speech, we have the right to our own protection, we have the right to vote, we give opportunities for citizenships and countless more. Our constitution has been alive for over two centuries and has made our country what it is to this very day. It should be something that all are proud of because there is so much history behind those words. Some of our greatest leaders to have ever lived have set a stone pathway for us.
It is important to remember that our Founding Fathers made The United States Constitution to help shape and control our government. Just remember we need laws because power without any authority equals chaos.