The power in order to achieve their own

The term empowerment is defined as the measures designed to
increase the degree of autonomy and self-determination in the work force in
order to enable them to perform in a responsible and self-determined way by
acting on their own authority. Empowerment as an action not only refers to the
process of self-motivation but also professional support to the work force
which enables them to overcome their sense of dearth and lack of influence and
to identify and use their potential and resources. This concept is
characterized by a move away from a deficit oriented approach towards a more
strength oriented perception. Robert Adams defines empowerment as the capacity
of individuals and or groups that take control of their circumstances, exercise
power in order to achieve their own goals and the process by which individually
and collectively, they are able to improve the quality of the work individually
and collectively. It involves critical reflection and group participation
through which individuals lacking an equal share of resources gain greater
access to and control over those resources.

Empowerment is defined by Xerox corporation as an
organizational state, where employees are aligned with business goals, and
understanding their performance boundaries, thus enabling them to take
responsibility and ownership while seeking improvements, identifying the best
course of action while identifying steps to satisfy the customers. Certain
reasons why supervisors do not support empowering teams is that they are
reluctant to give up power, they have preconceived ideas about subordinates,
they need to set a good example themselves and fear that they are ultimately
held accountable and look bad if it doesn’t pan out according to the plan.

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Team development has gone through many changes in the recent
years. The success of team work is dependent on its internal processes mainly
on the four steps that are forming, storming, norming and performing stages.
Team work and functionality is known to improve after the members have been
together awhile. However, when faced with a new team, it is very crutial that rapport
is built with one another and trust is developed which is the backbone of team
building process. While teams are proven to be successful in many business
organizations, they are not entirely free from problems. In such cases, consensus
decision making plays an important role in project success. This requires a great
deal of team training through which credibility is established early on. It is
very important that employees are made aware of what the training is all about
and get acceptance from each and every member to confirm if the employees are
in agreement with the training guidelines. Then, a manger is responsible to
ensure that the employees adhere and adapt to what has been agreed upon.


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